With regard to the up and coming referendum on the right to assisted death for the terminally ill, and to politics in general, a fundamental question asked by Libertarians is Who owns your life?
Answer: You do! Not society.
Upon that basis I believe a Yes vote for the right to assisted dying for the terminally ill is the moral vote because it is the only consistent position with the principle that (politically speaking) *you own yourself*.
Otherwise you become the slave/ property of society.
The above statement is clear cut, yet not without controversy.
The ‘No’ voters think this reform erodes the sanctity of Human life. So argues the New Conservative party.
I say it does the very opposite thing.
It removes power from the State and gives it back to individuals to make their own choices.
I myself am both a Libertarian, and a Christian, yet many Christians will not be able to reconcile my ‘Yes vote’ with how they interpret ‘Christian values’, and in fact many people… both believers and infidels can’t imagine how Christianity and Libertarianism can be coherently united and consistent in application.
More on these nuances later, first of all I want to talk about the curious mental gymnastics I am forced to engage in this election whereby my votes on both referendums will be in conflict with the expressed policies of the political party I have decided to support. New Conservatives.
I forgive people for this default starting assumption.
Hopefully those of you who find my decisions incredulous will take the trouble to read this post whereby I will do my best to extricate myself from being written off as a nutbar.
I know that my choices will win few friends, and will more likely annoy any I already have because splitting my votes will tend to draw the ire and consternation of *all camps*.
Nonetheless this is the course I am choosing to navigate.
We here in New Zealand live in chaotic times politically speaking, and the two referenda being run in unison with the national elections are two highly polarising subjects… which is why they have become referenda as neither of the two large parties have the Nads to legislate these reforms, or run with them as election policies.
The assisted dying referendum for the terminally ill has come about because of a bill presented to parliament by Act Leader David Seymour.
I will be supporting Seymour’s reform, yet I won’t be giving Act my party vote.
Even though Act have never been a great party, deciding not to vote Act this election was not an easy decision to make, as what other party even remotely represents my essential values?
On several key matters of personal freedom David Seymour had stood head and shoulders above the rest of parliament in how he conducted himself this election cycle, with respect to the issues of free Speech, and his opposition to the shameful way the new Firearms prohibitions were enacted.
In the light of these noble actions I was definitely leaning towards giving Act my vote and encouraging others to do the same, yet as time progressed, Seymour’s virtues became overshadowed by other unconscionable actions he would proceed to commit which have undermined my support.
With regards to the new abortion Legislation he not only supported late term abortions but also failed to vote for a proposed amendment that would have defended the rights of babies born alive after botched Abortions to receive medical aid rather than being neglected to die.
The whole basis of the pro-abortion arguments are that a woman is sovereign over her own body and the government has no authority to dictate what she does within her own body… yet once a baby has in fact been born… is *outside* the woman’s body, then they ought to have the full rights of an independent human being!
I consider these failings by David Seymour to be morally reprehensible.
And how disgusting that such laws were passed under a parliament led by a Woke PM who claims she entered politics ‘For the Children’!!!!
Seymour is fully complicit in this foul business.
I was also disgusted with the way he treated some of his most loyal candidates with regards to this elections Act party list, and I have always disliked what I see as a general lack of spine on some of the most important social issues facing our Nation such as ending the Race based seats in parliament, and his support for the UN Global compact on migration.
These are not attributes of a leader I can endorse.
In the not too distant past voting for me was a far less convoluted enterprise.
During the first decade of this new Millennium voting was relatively easy because New Zealand had a vibrant Libertarian Party for whom I could cast my vote with confidence, and for many elections in the second decade, I stood as a Libertarian Independent, and so obviously I at least knew which candidate I would support.. yet the question of where to place my party vote has never been an easy decision since the Libertarianz Party disbanded.
It is a matter of political folklore that the Act Party are a ‘Libertarian party’, yet this is to the largest extent a myth.
A myth that is mostly to the detriment of Libertarianism.
Politics in New Zealand truly is a confounding mess and almost madness to try and untangle… which causes many not to bother trying.
Act may have been founded with the aid of some Libertarian minded people, yet there were also many Ex Labour Party Neo-liberal Bigwigs like Roger Douglas and Richard Prebble, and so instead of advocating any Libertarian social reforms, Act quickly became a Crony Capitalist/’National Socialist party’ that supported some Free market Economics, yet maintained Welfare State socialism with regards to virtually everything else.
Take a look at the picture (above) that exposes how far the National party have drifted from their original charter!
If only they had remained true to their original aspirations upon which they were founded!
Act became the most Right Wing party of New Zealand.. to the right of National.. a lobby to bludgeon Left wing heavy Taxation Anti-Business ambitions of Labor and their more radical minions yet despite lofty rhetoric Act absolutely failed to stand for any reforms on individual liberty.
This has remained the case throughout their history perhaps with the one exception during the party leadership by the Great New Zealander Don Brash.
It was under Brash that Act came anywhere near a forthright stand on any law reform that was a matter of personal freedom, when Brash came out on TV in favour of ending cannabis prohibition.
His party associates like John Banks nearly had a heart attack!
Brash stint with Act was short, and any mention of Cannabis law reform left when he did.
Act has always and only played lip service to being the party of small government and personal freedom.
This is because apart from Brash the Party has been run by a bunch of Ball-less wonders.
The most disappointing for me was Jamie Whyte… because of all of them he knew better.
Most of them put money matters above personal liberty and social justice.
Act are not Nazis, yet their party is part way down a continuum at the end of which is full blown fascism.
Labour are not Communists, yet their party is well down the continuum at the end of which stands full blown Communism. Today under Ardern their policies and loyalties lie not with the interests of New Zealanders but with UN Socialist Globalism.
By labeling Act as ‘Libertarian’ the leftist media managed to confound Libertarianism with being Far right.
This is disgraceful slander.
Libertarianism is fundamentally different to every other political ideology.
Act’s alignment with *Fascism* rather than true capitalism and Freedom, is why the True Libertarians who initially helped found Act, quickly realised what was afoot and jumped ship.
They formed their own genuine Libertarian party, and so Act became just another Party against whom the Libertarianz party had to cross swords.
For more than a decade the Libertarianz Party fought valiantly for Individual liberty and rights against ever expanding Government encroachment, yet sadly after years of courageous activism they were forced to throw in the towel from lack of traction and financial support.
MMp’s 5% mark to get an MP into parliament is in my opinion far too high, and represents a barrier to breaking the stranglehold the two major parties enjoy.
The Political playing field is also heavily tilted in favour of maintaining the status quo, and New Zealanders themselves are heavily conditioned to their chains.
The Libertarianz party could not sustain itself against the overwhelming odds.
Freedom lovers failed to rally under their noble banner from a delusion of ‘wasting their votes’.
Well… I ask… where did casting your votes for other parties get our Nation?
Because New Zealanders did not heed the Libertarians on their Soap boxes, and rally behind them is why our nation now experiences the dawning of an era of Tyranny!
I implore Freedom lovers to not make the same mistake!
Stop voting for the very parties that have abandoned our values and taken our nation towards complete enslavement!
The demise of the Libertarianz Party spelled the end of New Zealanders clear choice between Freedom and various levels of Tyranny.
Between Justice and various levels of oppression.
Between fairness in economics vs heavy Political obstacles.
Libertarian minded New Zealanders were cast adrift… forced to swim about in a stinking cesspool, looking for the best place to put their democratic votes.
The political climate and darkened mentality of our times have made this a very dirty business.
Most of the wares on offer by todays mongers are of dubious quality.
The Libertarian pines over his ale, looking out upon a scene of chaos, confusion, and mayhem.
Is there any hope to be found?
The question of which political parties (if any) should the Libertarian now give their vote is a highly troublesome dilemma, as at a glance there appear only shades of grey tending towards complete blackness.
It is very difficult to determine whether *any* of the parties standing ought to be supported.
The closest way to describe what voting now entails for a Kiwi Libertarian is to liken the decision making process to solving a bunch of ‘Trolley Problems’ that will be familiar to those who have to some degree studied moral philosophy.
‘The trolley problems’ are designed to highlight the many complexities involved in dealing with moral dilemmas in which *means and ends* are far from ideal.
Solution tends towards making pragmatic determinations hoping for the best outcomes attainable via the least repugnant means… for the overall sake of committing the lesser Evil.
The trouble is the lesser evil is still evil.
Wikipedia discussion on Trolley problems can be found here
There is no space here or sense in attempting to fully articulate the conundrums involved. It must suffice to say this is an abhorrent ‘game’ for any Idealist to be forced to play, and being independent thinkers, the once united Libertarians have now fragmented… going their own ways… as each individual makes their own determinations as to how to solve the set of trolley problems presented to them at election time. This election is particularly significant as we also must vote on the two referenda.
In truth the most moral of men and woman, and the greatest leaders of history have had to face frightful moral dilemmas, and most of them have had to carry the weight of harsh criticism for the decisions they made from lesser mortals who would have been stupefied and paralyzed had they themselves been faced with the same crisis.
To shrink from tuff calls is symptomatic of Moral weakness.
One day we all will stand before our Maker and give account of ourselves, and it is He who shall determine the virtue of those who made tuff calls.
Two examples might be the decision to use the Atom bomb on Japan in 1945, another might be Churchill’s decision to ally with Stalin for the sake of defeating Hitler.
Both of these involve weighty moral dilemmas that provoke strong criticism to this day.
Given today’s circumstances I know a few Ex Libertarianz party members who today throw up their hands in disgust… and refuse to vote… the irony is that not voting… *is their vote*… to do nothing.
In the perspective of the Trolley problems not voting is the equivalent of never choosing to throw the lever… not intervening at all to try and mitigate any crisis that is unfolding, and allowing things to take their course… no matter how horrendous the result of their inaction might be, or how things could have turned out had they been brave enough to reach for the switch.
Most of us have heard the saying “Evil prevails when good men do nothing”.
For me *to automatically* determine to ‘do nothing’ is no escape from moral culpability in what ensues, it is in fact an abdication of moral duty… a most heinous moral failing… maybe the worst of them all!
Bible Theologians would call this ‘The sin of Omission’… and one example of this in the Bible is told by Jesus when asked about the moral duty to ‘love thy neighbour as thyself’.
He spoke of the predicament of the man who was beaten and robbed, yet the ‘Religious Jew’ walked past him without giving him any aid. It was only when the Good Samaritan came along that the man received care.
By doing nothing The Religious Jew was deemed to be wicked, and so *automatic inaction* cannot be the moral position…if there exists at all any plausible means of steering things towards a more desirable outcome without committing unconscionable evils in the process. ‘Not Voting’ cannot absolve a person from the resulting evils his inaction inevitably entails.
It’s like walking past our sick and dying country on the other side of the road as if it’s not your problem, rather than inconveniencing yourself and getting your hands dirty.
The reality is that though no registered political Party standing in October 17 is fundamentally a Libertarian party, there is still a broad range of parties standing and the fact is it still makes a massive difference which ones manage to get their hands on the levers of Power.
Lives are at stake!
Freedom is at stake!
Quality of life is at stake!
Our Children’s futures are at stake!
New Conservative candidate for Hamilton West Rudy du Plooy.
When I survey the Political landscape, despite the absence of a Libertarian party, judged by their policies and election campaigns certain parties do stand out as vastly superior to either National or Labour.
Some are worse, such as the Greens, and The Maori Party.
Some are no better such as NZ First, Top.
Many ex Libertarianz will be voting for Act, yet personally speaking of the two parties that most clearly articulate principles, and values that I considered honorable, it is the New Conservatives who come out on top.
Their forthright defense of Free speech.
Their rejection of 1080.
Repeal all the new and hastily enacted Firearms prohibitions created in the wake of the Christchurch terrorist attack.
Their defense of National sovereignty in opposition to UN Globalist slavery.
Their rejection of Ardern’s Covid 19 ‘elimination strategy, Lockdowns, and their absolute rejection of compulsory vaccinations.
No to carbon taxes, first 20k of income tax free.
Their rejection of ‘Transgender indoctrination’ in schools against parents wishes.
Their rejection of the UN Global compact on migration, etc all these clearly stated policies mean New Conservatives trump the Act Party by a country mile, and that is why I will be giving them my party vote, and having had a coffee with their Hamilton West candidate Rudy du Plooy last week I will also be giving him my candidate vote.
It is fitting that here I discuss one of NC’s most important policies, and examples of their party’s integrity and courage and that is their forthright call for the end of Treaty separatism and the race based seats in parliament.
Rudy is an immigrant from South Africa and so he has experienced the evils of Apartheid and appreciates just how violent and unjust Racist politics and bigotry can become.
That is why his party is calling for racial equality before the law.
The Treatment of White South Africans currently going on over there is appalling! Yet not a peep is raised about it by our Woke PM Ardern… because ultimately socialists like her support the oppression of White people.
Many of her own policies are heavily prejudiced against Pakeha New Zealanders, and for all her talk about humanitarian migration, she remains silent in opening New Zealand’s doors to help more oppressed white South Africans… because they are white.
This too despite the fact that White South Africans integrate well into our society as they share common traditional values… yet these are the very values socialists like her are determined to destroy.
Statistically speaking Ardern wants Less white people in New Zealand, and she can turn a blind eye to the fate of white farmers there under the contemptible socialist bromide that they are paying the dues of the white race for the past apartheid regime.
By Socialist math two wrongs do make a right.
Hence Ardern has little conscience about supporting Racist legislations under the pretense of ‘De-colonising’ New Zealand.
In New Plymouth which is a hot bed of Radical Maori separatist activism the NC candidate Murry Chong has heroically weathered a Tempest of outrage for his forthright stand against attempts to further entrench fraudulent Waitangi Apartheid and Treaty partnership doctrines and institutions there. He has suffered the most skewed press that mischaracterised his defense of Racial equality as ‘Opposition to Maori Representation’… which is a complete lie.
What he and his fellow New Conservatives oppose is the ongoing creation of special seats of power whereby Iwi can extort the rest of the people perpetually… as if they have more rights than everyone else.
They seek to rid our nation of such corrupt politics, and when the Maori seats and the rest of the apartheid institutions are abolished, He understands that Maori rights will still be protected by the Law in common with everyone else. Maori will still be able to stand of Parliament and Council, only to do so they will have to campaign before the entire community which will cut off the truly *racist radicals* for ever attaining office because their nasty bigoted views and ambitions will never fly with the whole of the people… and that is how a democracy is supposed to function!
The Racist radicals know that should apartheid politics be brought to an end… so too will their ability to extort unearned and undeserved wealth and privilege be broken.
So many New Zealanders have completely forgotten the most important fundamentals of justice and good government!
The New Conservatives have candidates in every electorate including the Maori seats.
Personally I don’t think it was the right thing to stand in those electorates, yet having said that I appreciate the Nads it takes to do so.
Their candidates in the Maori electorates will face heavy angst from many Maori who have been brainwashed into thinking their party policy to abolish the race based electoral system is a demonstration of anti-Maori bigotry. They will face threats. Yet should they maintain their composure and speak truth with eloquence they will be able to present their case with love.
Truth and principle, and Righteousness are on their side!
You know The New Conservatives are the party that threaten Left wing Radical socialism as no other party is enduring the hate and violence as they are…
I salute all NC candidates for their bravery… The one-eyed mainstream media takes no more pleasure than to pillory the small parties and their candidates who bravely challenge the ‘norms’ of the status quo.
Act’s David Seymour in private professes that the race based system is corrupt and ruining our country yet does not have the balls to say so in public at election time.
That is cowardly. That is unprincipled scheming, and demonstrates the sort of Game playing politician he really is.
How is he any different for the scoundrel Winston Peters who betrayed his supporters last election with regards to making the abolishment of the race-based seats a bottom line for coalition talks?
Sadly… when you dig deep down… despite many good things David has done… he and Winston are not as different as he likes to think.
He too is a game player.
The Leftist radicals of Labour, the Greens, and the Maori Party demonstrate their absolute disregard for fair elections in that they have implemented a strategy of destroying New Conservative election bill boards all about the country… despite their own parties getting far more Taxpayer loot to fund their own campaigns!
Like I said earlier about the struggles of the Libertarianz Party before them… New Zealand elections are far from fair… far for being fought on a level playing field, and so The New Conservatives face an uphill battle against dirty political tactics at every step.
I urge every New Zealander who is alarmed at our headlong plunge into tyranny under Jacinda Ardern to get behind the brave and principled New Conservative party!
If 5% of us do… they will be in parliament and possibly even be included in a coalition government, most likely with National and Act.
This would position them well to lever National into making concessions in alignment with our Values and principles… away from the direction Ardern has carried us.
These are good people who hold to the traditional values that made New Zealand a great and prosperous place to live.
They care about all New Zealanders.
I attended a public meeting a few months back in Te Awamutu where I heard several candidates speak, including the party’s passionate and compassionate deputy, Elliot Ikilei.
He spoke very well, and I was particularly impressed with his insights into the many social conditions that are common for troubled youth that play a large role in such important issues in Maori criminality.
He articulated that from his experience working in this field that all the separatist rhetoric about Maori crime statistics as being evidence of systemic oppression of Maori from colonisation are absolutely false!
Instead he argued that the main driver of Maori criminality was broken homes and a lack of a Father in the house, and thus all the ‘positive discrimination’ going on in the name of ‘closing the gaps’ between Maori and the rest of the country absolutely miss the fundamental issues.
He described how the institution of the Domestic Purposes benefit *was devastating for Maori* because that was corrosive to maintaining families, promoted single parent-ism, and it’s institution correlates perfectly with the exponential growth of Maori dependence on welfare and Broken homes.
Thus Elliot understands that socialism is a dangerous trap!
I myself also know Maori must take ownership of their own violence and substance abuse… these are not evils that can be justly blamed on their Pakeha neighbours but represent the ugly truth of a serious lack of wholesome values that are requisite in having happy homes and personal prosperity in a free and modern society.
Maori need to cut with the shameful blame, and take more ownership of their own mess!
I like the New Conservative party very much.
They have their hearts in the right place.
They offer real and much needed alternatives.
None of them appear to me to be in politics for powers sake, yet they are not perfect.
They have many policies and values I myself hold dear, yet I know they are not a consistent Libertarian party.
They are Democrats… with all the weakness that entails.’
This being so I see great opportunity for improvement, and given the chance I would like to engage in healthy dialogue to see if they are open to reasonable challenge on some of their policies which I do not endorse.
I have already mentioned that I will be voting yes for the right to assisted dying.
This is at variance with the New Conservatives.
Maybe sometime soon I will write a blogpost explaining in more detail why I believe they are wrong to oppose this legal reform, yet because this current post is already insanely long, I want to finish by discussing the New Conservative policy of Citizens Binding Referenda and my intention to vote ‘yes’ for Cannabis law reform in the forthcoming referenda which is again against the expressed policy of the New Conservatives.
At the Te Awamutu meeting my friend and fellow Libertarian Robin Thomsen and I introduced ourselves to Elliot and engaged in a short conversation.
Elliot was happy to talk and spoke candidly.
After a few other subjects I broached the topic of the Cannabis Referendum and asked what his party would do should they succeed in getting into parliament, yet also the people of New Zealand vote for Cannabis legalisation?
He said his party would honor that result despite it being contrary to their own policy and hopes.
That answer was consistent with their policy of citizens binding referenda and demonstrates integrity to that political school of thought despite the result going against their own opinions as to what is best for the country.
As far as ending the war on cannabis being ‘bad’ for New Zealand I emphatically reject that position.
This is a topic I have involved myself for many years having experienced first hand the injustice of criminalising cannabis users, and understand the manifold other detrimental effects these bad laws have on our society. I have been an activist for reform for over 30 years, and in fact it was activism to ‘Free the weed’ that was my first foray into politics trying to fix a broke system.
I would jump from hedge to hedge… covertly distributing ‘NORML’ Pamphlets in Tauranga letterboxes in the dead of night.
I knew the difference between dishonesty and violence, from peacefully enjoying a doobie with friends in my own home… I knew I was being oppressed and that the Law needed to be changed.
I will post links to other Blogposts on this subject below.
The point I wish to finish on, and one I hope the New Conservatives are open to reconsider is the weird way in which they promote binding Citizens referenda in the face of knowing it is just as likely for the majority of people to vote for laws they believe to be *Bad* as it is for good… and I am using the Cannabis referenda as an example.
Is it not apparent to them that *Mob Rule* is no guarantee of Good law or justice?
I see their policy on binding referenda as their Achilles heel.
It’s a policy that actually undermines the *Real foundations of Just Law* which are the Objective principles of Justice such as personal sovereignty, and equality before the Law… and that just government has strictly limited authority over the lives of citizens, the impartial enforcement of legally binding contracts, and limited powers over only such matters pertaining to the defense of rights.
The terms and condition upon which Government is founded, and limits of it’s powers ought to be embodied in a constitution with an iron clad bill of rights upon which democratically elected Parliaments have no authority to encroach.
This is a million miles away from having a system of Mob rule… open ended social arbitrary Law whereby the greatest mob get their way.
Under such a system there is no protection for Individuals or minorities, and the Masses are notorious for being easily duped and manipulated by Charismatic demagogues.
I have much to say on these matters, and it would be my pleasure to open a dialogue with the New Conservatives about these vital political truths.
Now remember the moral dilemmas of the Trolley problems and the uncomfortable reality of having to make choices under circumstances less than ideal, via means that are less than ideal, and which also probably will result… no matter what decision is made in ends that are less than ideal?
My decision to vote ‘Yes’ on the Act Party’s Right to assisted death for the terminally ill referendum, and ‘Yes’ on the Green Party’s Cannabis Law reform Referendum, and also ‘yes’ for the New Conservative party this election are each individual decisions I have arrived at as being the most moral, and just choices available to voters this election.
I am being compelled to make compromises, and there is always an element of risk, yet ultimately from my best evaluations all these choices are the most consistent with my Christian Libertarian values and ideals.
Such is the human condition and predicament.
I don’t pretend my choices are not open to critisism… such is the nature of moral dilemma.
I hope this blogpost is instrumental in winning support for the New Conservatives from Liberty lovers, Free thinkers, and all who are concerned about the Free fall of our country into socialist tyranny.
I believe they will reach 5% if enough of us resolve to give them our support.
They deserve it.
Our Country desperately needs to steer a new course to get back to the freedom and Values we enjoyed not too many years ago before the likes of Ardern came to power.
She is turning our Nation into a Police State!
Near the end of June 2020, Hamilton City Council released a ‘Historical Report’ they (in conjunction with Waikato Tainui) had commissioned.
‘New Zealand Historian for hire’ Dr Vincent O’Malley produced it for the fee of $10,000.
The report can be found here , and the full text has now been attached to the bottom of this Blog post.
This report was supposed to be instructive to the council in helping them consider the proposal by radical Maori activists and their supporters to ‘decolonise’ our city, by dumping the name of Hamilton in favour of ‘Kirikiriroa’ and also changing the names of Grey St, Von Tempsky st, and Bryce St… as these were named after Pakeha ‘heros’ of the wars of the later half of the 19th century.
A series of articles about the report began to appear on Stuff media, including articles about the Bronze Statue of ‘Captain Hamilton’ in Garden place that had been donated to the city by one of it’s benefactors, Sir William Gallagher.
This statue had become the target of Tainui activists who said it gave them offence.
They defaced it, and in a display of weakness Hamilton City Council had it removed.
This affair is in keeping with radical anti-colonisation activism in other parts of the country against such figures as Captain Cook, and is in fact part of a global radical Left wing movement against capitalism and ‘British/Pakeha/White Imperialism’, that manifests itself in such violent and intolerant hate groups such as Antifa and Black Lives Matters.
Reading the report I was alarmed at what I found.
The report is not what it claims to be.
Having discussed these matters with friends, and in anticipation of a public meeting Hamilton City Council was supposed to be having for the public to discuss the merits of Dr O’Malley’s report, I decided I must challenge it’s veracity… for Truths sake.
Below is my written submission, which is a rebuttal of the heavily politicised claims Dr O’Malley attempts to pass off as history.
What is at stake is of the highest import to our whole nation, because it is part of a systemic drive to rewrite history and destroy all of our Colonial heritage.
It is my desire to alert the citizens of Hamiltion as to what skulduggery is afoot and how a false historic narrative is being used to slander the good name of Hamilton city, and many of New Zealand’s greatest Pakeha Founding fathers and heroes, and to use this as an example that all New Zealanders might wake up to what is going on right across our Nation.
The same Radical Political Activist ideology is at work.
The same methods are employed… seeking the same desired result.
So for those of you who care about what is happening… for those of you who are interested in the history of the Wars of the 2nd half of the 1800s… Please read my submission in conjunction with Dr O’Malley’s report.
My intention is to vigorously defend our city’s Pakeha heritage from slander and vandalism by racist radicals via the light of historic fact.
I am still waiting for HCC to announce the expected public forum, yet I have left my submission as written for the day…
The Tross Publishing Submission is also reproduced below.
Vandalised Statue of Captain John Hamilton. Garden Place, Hamilton. Killed at the Battle of Gate Pa.
Photo from this Stuff article
Submission by Tim Wikiriwhi.
For the public review to discuss the historical report by Dr Vincent O’Malley commissioned by Hamilton City Council, in association with Waikato Tainui for the purpose of informing Hamilton City Council on the proposal to change the name of the city to Kirikiriroa, and renaming Grey, Von Tempsky, and Bryce streets.
To the Hamilton City Council, my fellow Hamiltonians, and the people of New Zealand.
In his introduction to his report Dr O’Malley states that it is not an exhaustive document, and yet it’s scope covers some of our nation’s most important events and personalities of the 19th century whose actions and reputations are being seriously maligned and misconstrued.
These are not trifling matters.
These memorials are spiritual taonga of the greatest importance to our nation’s colonial heritage, and esp to our city, so that should the council pass a rash judgement, this cannot help but result in the most shameful of consequences.
If we are to put Dr O’Malley’s ‘History’ under thorough scrutiny… it is not possible to be short and sweet, still there will be many concerns about the report that must remain unchallenged.
I emulate Dr O’Malley in saying my submission is far from exhaustive.
The admission on his part belies a dangerous reality that there is much left out of his report that is of the greatest importance, and even when I have gone some way to fill in gaps, there remains much I simply could not squeeze in.
Doctor O’Malley has been very selective in what he has chosen to include… and what he has avoided.
More on this in due course… I simply wish now to impress upon the council why I have written such a lengthy submission, and ask for you to bear with me… out of a desire to make a good judgement on the matters at hand.
I have tabled two written submissions, one by Tross Publishing, and this one written by ‘yours truly’.
I hope to speak to you directly on the general thrust of these submissions, yet trust city councilors will read them, and ponder the content before any deliberation is made.
I will present critiques of Dr O’Malley’s report… his claims, and his evaluations, and in the process offer alternative perspectives with corroborating historical citations and quotes.
Lastly, I will finish with some final points of importance.
Regarding my citations and references I have done my best to provide significant portions of texts with reference, and any that are not so provided I am more than happy to ensure the council gets them for their own evaluation.
Out of necessity that stems from the contentious matters at hand it behooves me to state for the record the personal caveat that despite appearances, and the many contrary things I am about to expound, that I do not harbour ill will towards Tainui Kingitanga.
I understand them.
I even empathise with them.
Yet still I cannot support what they are trying to do to our city.
Their activists are the ones that have brought heavy accusations.
I am merely a voice for those who cannot now speak on their own behalf.
My aim is to see an end to the endless grievances that are so destructive to the fabric of our society.
I desire peaceful coexistence.
The Dead shall rise! Court is now in session.
What is going on here today is a type of trial of the dead… one that is reminiscent of the posthumous trial of the ‘Morning Star of the Reformation’ the great John Wycliffe (early 15th cent) by the Roman Catholic Church.
Though he too was long dead, The Roman Catholics held such malevolence for him and his teachings that they decide to hold a trail against him inabsentia … which obviously he could not defend himself. As a matter of course The Council of Constance found him guilty of heresy. His writings were banned, and yet because they could not seize incorporeal John and burn him at the stake… as was their custom to do to those who held contrary opinions, instead they dug up his bones and burned them… and cast his ashes into the River Swift. Take that heretic!
That we are here today engaged in such similarly dubious proceedings gives me mixed feelings.
On one hand it is with a great sense of sadness and alarm that I witness some of the greatest personalities of New Zealand history… our founding fathers. and heroes who bravely fought and died serving our country to secure peace and safety, and re-establish order in our nation are being maligned in the most contemptible fashion.
I believe these brave men earned the honours and memorials bestowed upon them by a grateful people. How sad it is that with the process of time their worthiness has faded from memory! Lest we forget.
On the other hand it is with a sense of personal pride and burden that I contemplate that fate has bestowed upon me the opportunity to now step forward in their defense… and do battle for their good reputation, their names sake… for their enduring legacy against a tiny faction of slanderers.
And I intend to fight for their good names with all my heart and mind… and if by some miracle the council can be persuaded to reject the proposal to strip our city of it’s affiliations with these great and honorable men, then I myself will die satisfied in the knowledge that in their hour of need… when there had gathered against them a foe intent on their posthumous character assassination… to strip them of their rightful honours… that it was I… the insignificant Tim Wikiriwhi who knowing the injustice that was afoot and the seriousness of the situation marched towards the sound of the guns.
These are things that are dear to me.
In making this defense on behalf of men who cannot speak for themselves risks bringing undue contempt upon myself from some quarters, yet I will take solace in the fact my intentions are noble and not at all malicious, and should the proposals be rejected as I hope… I will have made a significant contribution to our city’s future well being.
Today I seek to construct a redoubt for the future defense of our pioneering and colonial heritage, and the precious values that have made our nation so prosperous and a great place to live… for everyone.
And such a stand today is sorely needed as our colonial heritage has been under constant barrage by fanatical Liberal revisionists, and too often those that ought to stand fast… instead beat an inglorious retreat!
Come what may… from today my insignificant name will at least be briefly associated with my hero Major Gustav Von Tempsky.
A man of such heroic stature and mettle that I should almost feel ashamed were I to stand in his presence.
I am in awe of him, and despite all the accusations leveled against him today, this is a man of whom I am not ashamed to stand behind… a man who was even revered by his enemies! Von Tempsky joined the New Zealand Police and it was as a member of the Armed Constabulary that he gave his life in service to our nation!
Grey, Hamilton, Von Tempsky, and Bryce cannot be here to explain themselves in person, and yet we do have records of them speaking in their own defense!
Dr O’Malley says it was greed for land that was the motive for ‘Invading the Waikato’… yet history records Governor Grey’s vehement denunciation of that very accusation!
He gives us his rationale as to why he undertook to square off and do battle against the Kingites.
Dr O’Malley portrays Von Tempsky as a cold-hearted killer of woman and children despite the fact that we have historic records of Von Tempsky expressing sadness when such things occurred and even that he intervened when non-combatants were caught in the frey!
We can see clear evidence within his report that Dr O’Malley has a barrow to push because in the few instances that he notes the expressed sentiments and protestations of these men… speaking in their own defense Dr O’Malley without exception… makes out they are being disingenuous.
All I ask is that these men receive a fair hearing as their reputations and legacy hang in the balance.
Is the matter already settled?
Is there any point in questioning Dr O’Malley’s motives, or report that was shaped thereby?
Is it already such a well established fact that the war in the Waikato was an act of colonial oppression, or can a completely different case be raised in the defense of the accused that has greater explanatory power with more sure foundations in recorded history?
If in the minds of this council there can be no defense given for the good character of these men… and for their conduct… and their worthiness with which their names should justly remain in place, well then this whole proceedings must be called into question as a mere token gesture… a political Haka… to feign due process in a case of which the judgment is already determined before the defense has even been herd!
Political Correctness run amok!
How is it that after more than 150 years our council today is seriously contemplating such radical proposals as to change the very name of our city?
Who is setting such an agenda?
Hamilton City Council has already demonstrated a lack of spine by removing the Bronze of Captain Hamilton from the Square. Many Hamiltonians are alarmed by today’s proceedings, and the prospect that our council may absolutely crumble before the malicious activists who show absolute disregard for our city’s good name!
It is dubious in the extreme that these proceedings are imagined by anyone to have any legitimate jurisdiction or mandate to stand in judgement of the long dead in this manner and whose contemporaries…. your predecessors in council deemed to be men of the highest character having performed the greatest service to our nation.
What is going on here is part of a global calamity facing the West… a regression away from tolerance and freedom into a totalitarian framework whereby conformity is demanded to a single view of everything… and that to hold different opinions from the ‘politically correct’/ woke view is to invite fanatical outrage upon oneself and risk personal and professional damnation.
Today, if you believe gender to be biologically determined and that there are only two sexes… you will be decried as being ‘transphobic’.
If you believe in the traditional rolls of men and woman you will be slandered as being misogynistic and supportive of the oppressive ‘patriarchy’.
If you dare to question the revisionist narrative of New Zealand history that supports Treaty separatism and grievance, you risk being derided as an ignorant crack pot and racist.
In all these things and countless others to question the politically correct perspective is deemed to be guilty of *hate crimes* whereas a ‘woke’ populist can always virtue signal by emotional vocal support for such narrow opinions.
How can a fee society function under such conditions… how can public debate be carried out and the truth be weighed and determined by individuals and voters if only one side of any contentious issue is allowed to be herd, and leaders fear that defending the truth will open them up to accusations of bigotry from the rabid Left?
It takes insight and courage sadly in short supply these days.
It is imperative that freedom of speech be rigorously upheld so that more than one side of any dispute be herd.
It is wrong to allow the fanatical ‘offence takers’ to dictate what opinions may be disseminated… or what historical monuments must be cast down.
Certain factions have turned ‘offence taking’ into a profession… an art form… a powerful bludgeon by which they impose their extremist views upon an intimidated and ill-informed majority via feeble minded councils and parliaments.
Notice too how at all these points it is our traditional values which are now under attack. The values upon which Western civilsation has grown into the most prosperous nations on earth with the highest standards of living in recorded history, and the greatest levels of social justice!
Sadly today under this new PC liberal outlook it is sufficient to be found guilty of hate and oppression by simply being discovered denying collective guilt for the colour of ones skin, or expressing personal opinions supportive of our traditional values and history.
These so-called ‘liberal’ movements are in fact patently racist against whites, yet hide behind a facade of ‘protesting against historic racism’… nor are they peaceful or principled in their actions, but destructive of property and prone to rioting and violence.
See how they defaced the statue of Captain Hamilton for which they faced no prosecution!
Why were they allowed to deface public property with impunity?
That is not a legitimate form of protest, but vandalism!
Just imagine if a Pakeha stood in front of some Maori monument having defaced it… do you think they would get away scott free?
And removing the statute is a form of historical and ideological vandalism on the part of Hamilton City Council.
I hope to convince council to desist from continuation of this shameful trend.
Politically Correct Liberalism is the new Tyranny, and it is having disastrous consequences… reducing our national character to one of childishness forbidding open discussion and demanding ‘safe spaces’, etc.
Words and opinions are being conflated with violence.
The idea behind removing the statue of Captain Hamilton was to ‘create a safe space’ for those precious souls who claimed to be ‘traumatized’ at its presence there.
Taking offence is one of the easiest and weakest things in the world to do!
Contrarians like myself are deemed to be ‘hurtful’ and worthy of censorship.
The thinking today goes a bit like this:
Emotion trumps sober reason.
Feelings trump facts.
If you can’t defeat an argument deemed to be ‘offensive’ with facts and reason… you can always resort to rioting, de-platforming, and shambolic prosecutions and proceedings.
Let me give you an example of what I am talking about.
Just the other day (Stuff August 10) A woke Tasman District Councilor Dana Wensley made the news when she exclaimed “Some books about the Treaty of Waitangi on the shelves of Tasman District libraries are “very right-wing extremist”….
It is clear from the article that Dana Wensley does not like books that express ideas that are contrary to her own narrow opinions and wants to remove the people of Tasman’s opportunity to read these alternative perspectives so they may weigh up matters for themselves!
This is censorship for political ends… attempting to control the narrative so that the people only get to hear one side of any debate… the side Politicians like her want them to believe is the only ‘valid’ option.
Yet she seems to be completely deluded about what she is trying to do… she said “I’m not talking about censorship, I’m just talking about making sure that the books that are free are also academically robust because at the moment there’s a bit of an imbalance and I think that people might be getting the wrong view of our obligations to our treaty partners because of the material they could be accessing from our library, and that concerns me.”
There we have the clear admission that she only wants views that support the notion of ‘Treaty partnership’ being available in the library… other views are to be thrown out and hidden from the inquisitive public.
Rightfully Mayor Tim King said he would be reluctant to see any political influence over the library collection. “I think it’s a dangerous conversation to start having,” King said.
The above article encapsulates the political barriers and slurs cast upon anyone who challenges the Politically Correct ideology of Treaty separatism implicit in the ‘partnership doctrine’ or challenges any Politically Correct view on any topic because political correctness is itself a very narrow prejudiced viewpoint that seeks to outlaw all dissenting opinions.
And because of its pervasiveness, those barriers are present here today in this meeting and need to be contended with for this discussion to be anything other than one-sided.
Even though people like myself are in fact presenting arguments that are historically conservative against a new a pervasive radical revisionism coming chiefly from the Left… it is we who are being labeled ‘Far Right’ and ‘Extreme’.
Whereas the new radical Left doctrines are considered the ‘Woke’, the enlightened, the progressive, and the informed view.
By such a device critics of the new doctrines are lumped with Adolph Hitler, Mussolini, and Neo-Nazi skin heads…. why would anyone give such people the time of day if they are believed to keep such company?
That is how the peddlers of politically correct leftist agenda work to silence their critics and have them de-platformed… their works removed from public libraries and burned rather than facing them in open debate.
We must also ask if via all these ‘new perspectives’, is our society really improving in moral fiber via the denunciation and abandonment of all the values and historical doings that built this nation and made it great?
Are today’s academics, historians. and politicians really of a higher caliber and occupy a far higher plain than their presumably more ‘backward’ and ‘prejudiced’ predecessors of 100 years ago… whose decisions this generation seems so keen to overthrow?
Is our civilisation on the rise or in wane?
I fear the later.
Either way the fact remains that we are now much less free to hold and express our personal opinions than we were merely 20 years ago.
At all points it is now expected of us to conform to the governments decreed ‘official narratives’ at the risk of being thrown out of university, job loses, and even prosecution looks on the cards via Andrew Little’s ‘hate speech’ proposals.
This all indicates our civilisation is in retrograde. Freedom is in retreat, and we are heading towards totalitarianism.
The modern scholar will always claim their revisionism is closer to the truth than the histories of those contemporary to the facts!
It is clear the founders of our city had a very different view of the stature and worthiness of the likes of Sir George Grey, Gustav Von Tempsky, etc. than those now entertained by Dr O’Malley.
Perhaps had you councilors lived at the time when Tainui was raising a hostile army that was threatening to sack your homes… that you too would have more appreciation for the exploits of Von Tempsky… and the firm hand of Governor Grey!
Major Gustav Von Tempsky
Why I stand in defense of the victors of the Waikato war of 1863-64.
How is it that I have come to hold this man Von Tempsky in such high regard when most of my countrymen don’t even know who he was or what he did?
Quite simply it is because for a very long time it has been my passion to search out the history of such things as the colonization of New Zealand, and investigated the wars of the second half of the 19th century by reading mostly contemporary and near contemporary accounts.
In this regard my views have not been spoon fed to me by a politically slanted education system that peddles the partisan ideologies and modern historical revisionism penned by Maori radicals and their sympathisers which have become so fashionable today and which permeate the opinions expressed within Dr O’Malley’s report.
If the only understanding Hamilton City Councilors have of these momentous events are from reading the narrative supplied to them by Dr O’Malley then that itself shows a gross ignorance that ought to cause an honest person to step down from passing judgement on these matters.
To be informed a person must read contemporary accounts for themselves… rather than simply chugging down the regurgitated slurry of such a partisan revisionist as Dr O’Malley… as if he’s preaching the gospel truth.
Anyone who has read a decent amount of history written before the rise of the modern treaty grievance industry cannot help but stand in awe of Von Tempsky!
What a Man!
He was no Neanderthal!
Besides being a formidable warrior, he was also an accomplished artist, adventurer, and writer.
Even his enemies held him in the highest regard as a mighty foe.
Dr Vincent O’Malley.
Questions about Dr O’Malley’s Objectivity and Bias.
Dr O’Malley introduces his report with the words…
“This historical report has been commissioned by Hamilton City Council, in association with Waikato Tainui to assist the Mayor and council members to consider the proposals with regards to the renaming of Hamilton to Kirikiriroa and for Von Tempsky, Bryce, and Grey Streets to be renamed.
“It does not discuss these proposals or take any view on the merits of them but instead briefly examines the historical evidence concerning the naming of these streets and settlement…”
These comments are found on page 3.
Now in the very first two paragraphs of his report Dr O’Malley makes some highly questionable claims about the nature of what he has tabled.
Examining these first two paragraphs is in fact crucial.
Let me explain why.
Dr O’Malley tries to present his ‘report’ as document free of personal opinion… yet by reading his report it clearly peddles a particular perspective. The reader cannot help but reach the conclusion that Dr O’Malley believes that the proposals have merit…. and in this way his claims of impartiality and of presenting an objective historic view point are exposed as being highly suspect… indeed patently false!
His report clearly favors the interests and opinions of one of the chief parties whom commissioned him to produce it and for this reason alone the report clearly fails to meet the standards of fact and evidence that distinguishes objectivity from partisan opinion.
I say this report is unfit for its expressed and intended purpose for it does not ‘aid the Mayor and council’ to make a sound determination in these matters… but aids the interest of the side of the dispute that has the most to gain from the proposals going ahead.
Despite his claims to the contrary Dr O’Malley has heavily invested his own opinions into the report in which he patently takes a very strong view of the merits of the proposals.
He favours Tainui getting their way!
Let us not forget what part in this history Tainui played!
They were one of the antagonists!
On the other side was Grey, Von Tempsky, Hamilton, and Bryce!
Given we are talking about a war, is it any wonder Tainui maintains some angst against these men to whom their relations suffered ignominious defeat?
Still it saddens me that instead of maintaining a dignified resignation for the sake of unity and moving forward, some within Tainui are stubbornly keeping the wounds open… and sore!
This serves their selfish political ambitions to do so.
My goodness! In half the distance of the passage of time, we as a nation have all moved on from the 2 world wars… we are again on good terms with Germany and Japan… yet despite getting hundreds of millions of dollars, Land, and political advantages via the settlement process that have allowed them to prosper in business, yet still Tainui chooses to harangue us!
Why was Dr O’Malley Selected by Hamilton City Council and Tainui to write the Report?
Questions need to be asked.
I ask myself what transparent process did the city council… in association with the Tainui King arrive at the notion that Dr O’Malley was the right person to produce the report from which they would determine the fate of our city?
Was the Job tendered out?
Was Dr O’Malley selected from a short list of able historians because he displayed an exemplary impartiality?
Or because Tainui already approved of his views because they were fully in line with their own?
The latter is clearly the case.
When I herd about Dr O’Malleys appointment by HCC in association with Tainui to produce his report, I understood certain things about Dr O’Malley that caused me concern.
It was fairly easy to connect the dots given Dr O’Malley has recently published a substantial version of the history of what he calls ‘The Great War for New Zealand. Waikato 1800-2000… excerpts of which were also published in a series in the Waikato Times and elsewhere, giving the Tainui King ample opportunity to gauge what sort of ‘Historian’ Dr O’Malley is and that is he is a man who chooses to view the events and character of the main antagonists of the wars of the 1860s in accord with Tainui! … one of the heavily vested interests in these proceedings.
I contend that this is why Tainui endorsed Hamilton City Council to commission him to produce this report…. and I am sure Tainui are very pleased with what he has had to say.
These facts would be sufficient in themselves to prove his employment has loaded the dice against ‘The defendants’, yet having decided to challenge Dr O’Malley… upon further investigations I discovered an on line biography
On the Website ‘History Works’ Professional historians for hire in Aotearoa
that among other things lists his credentials as having …
“… worked as a professional historian focused mainly on Treaty of Waitangi claims research since 1993 and in that time has prepared and presented many research reports on behalf of iwi around the country.”
(This biography has recently been ‘updated’.)
The implications of this for evaluating the objectivity and impartiality of his report are enormous as they vindicate my many criticisms about the type of Historian Dr O’Malley is and his suitability for the task he was given.
He’s a Man who has made his living for nearly the past thirty years producing reports *On behalf of Iwi around the country*… in support of their grievances and Treaty of Waitangi claims!
He is not simply an impartial historian who objectively searches for the truth. He is a seasoned professional spin doctor for hire, marketing ideas tailored for powerful vested interests.
He has literally been profiteering off the grievance industry for nearly three decades.
The Treaty grievance industry has been very lucrative for the ‘right type’ of ‘historians’… those happy to pedal anti-colonialism.
Given these shocking facts there is simply no way any reasonable person can expect a report from his pen to do justice to the true character and integrity of the ‘accused’!
How can the people of Hamilton have any faith in this document given these heavy slants?
Quite simply… they cannot.
His report must be read with a wary eye, and ultimately rejected as a basis for making any determination as to removing the names of Hamilton, Grey, Von Tempsky and Bryce from the places of honor they hold in our city… because it fails on the most fundamental standard that this situation necessitates… and that his report cannot be construed to be an impartial document from a dis-interested objective pen.
Clearly the report his heavily skewed in favour of the Tainui activists.
He has made a career of it.
To avoid hypocrisy on my part, it is fitting I make the following disclosure describing the Waka I have been paddling for some time.
I have been a political activist for more than two decades, both as a member and spokesman for the now dis-banded Libertarianz Party and as a Waikato based Libertarian Independent.
I was party spokesperson for the de-regulation of Maori Affairs and argued for the abolition of our apartheid (race based) electoral system.
I will be happy to answer any questions regarding my personal political views and I hope this helps to clarify from whence I have sprung.
There is a deep irony involved in that the motives Dr O’Malley unjustly levels at the colonial government of the day… may in truth be justly leveled at the lobby that is currently trying to desecrate the memorials of great and worthy men who bravely opposed the greed, and lust for power of Tainui’s political class.
Dr O’Malley paints with a large brush the idea that the war was started by the Greedy Pakeha who were prepared to deceive and commit atrocities all for the sake of getting their filthy hands on Tainui land.
I refute these accusations and turn them back upon their accusers, yet having made the above counter-accusation, I must reiterate that I take no pleasure in the business at hand and the task with it behooves me to fulfill.
I find it unpleasant that circumstances brought on by a nasty form of politics means that I must participate in dragging up the past that ought not be a topic of concern today but left at rest.
It is a tiny minority of radical activists and political class interests who are causing all this fuss!
They are not truly representative of the ordinary Tainui person, or the people as a whole.
Let me explain.
I am a Maori of Te Arawa and Ngapuhi discent, and it just so happens that both these Iwi fought on the side of Queen Victoria… and yet to me these wars do not represent the truth about today… here… and now.
I do not speak for Te Arawa or Ngapuhi but as an independent citizen of Hamilton.
Ancient inter-tribal conflicts dont even register on my gauges.
That’s not how things work for individuals living in a free society compared to how things were under tribalism.
I don’t hold any animosity towards Tainui.
It is from a love of the truth I speak… overshadowed with grief that necessitates I stand for the legacy of the great New Zealanders whose memorials are today under threat.
I am forced to discuss painful events of a time of tribal differences, bloodshed, victory and defeat.
Life today ought to have moved on… and most of us have!
I have my home in this city, and I send my son to school with many Tainui children.
I work with many proud Tainui… and the last thing I desire is for any of them to think I harbour ill will towards them… I don’t.
In truth I want the very best for them as I do for all New Zealanders, and so I hope they will appreciate that what I am about today is truth and the defense of some of our nation’s greatest Pakeha personalities and not about attacking or belittling the Mana of Tainui.
I respect Tainui’s cultural preeminence over this district.
I enjoy the many Tainui monuments and memorials that scatter the district and also hold deep reverence for the Pas and battle sites of the war.
The war was brutal and I know that many horrible acts were committed by Tainui… all conveniently omitted by Dr O’Malley… their love of the tomahawk, the non-combatants they murdered… yet I also know the great bravery with which their warriors fought during the major engagements earning the respect of Von Tempsky and General Cameron.
That is how I choose to contemplate these momentous events that make the history of our nation as epic as any other.
Yet still I will defend Hamilton from capitulation to their activists unreasonable and disrespectful demands.
Its like we street level Maori have truly been able to let the past rest and are getting on with our lives… coexisting in peace together… working side by side…trying to give our children a happy and secure life… yet there remains a political class that have no intentions of allowing peace to prevail… They harbour malevolent feelings… they are greedy for more, and more, and more.
Just like the war of the 1860s, it is this political class that wants to ensnare their fellow tribesmen by teaching them to look upon their neighbours as somehow being guilty of causing their people grievous wrongs… thereby undoing the peace and harmony between us as a united people… one nation.
This animosity is endemic to the Maori sovereignty movement as a whole and how it functions.
It cultivates a victim mentality by which Maori radicals teach the gullible they ought to carry outrage in their hearts against Pakeha.
This is fostering a very real racial prejudice among Maori against their fellow Pakeha Kiwi. This radical movement is not representative of all Maori.
Many like myself are not even on the Maori Electoral roll. We dislike the separatism and all the whining and victimism, and just want New Zealand to truly be united… one law for all.
Woke Anti Colonialism demands of Pakeha to abandon any sense of pride in their own heritage and instead assume upon themselves a collective guilt!
We live in such politically skewed times in which it is only permissible for Maori to take pride in their cultural heritage!
Over the past 50 years Radical Maori Separatist slander against colonialism has managed to take root in our Education system and today a large portion of Non-Maori New Zealanders have imbibed a toxic ‘self-loathing’ and undeserved shame for their own pioneering origins for which not too long ago our nation took great pride.
Bad faith over Treaty settlements on the part of radical separatist.
Having now made commentary on the many seriously compromising issues involved in the choice and employment of Dr O’Malley as historical adviser to our council, I want to present specific points demonstrating how Dr O Malleys bias permeates his report, some obvious, others far more subtil… hallmarks of an experience storyteller seeking to invest the Jury in acceptance of his conclusions.
This is a skill he has honed, and I assert gives us insights into the sort of ‘reports’ and ‘advice’ ‘experts’ like himself have tabled at Waitangi Tribunal hearings over the last few decades exposing the travesty of the treaty settlement process… the issuing of apologies to tribes by representatives of the government for events that are supposed to have happened well over a century ago and despite billions of dollars being paid in compensation and decades of pandering to their grievances … no end appears in sight!
Council has no guarantee that should they bend the knee and change its name to ‘Kirikiriroa City council’ that this will sate Tainui’s relentless demands.
I fear such farcical attempts at conciliation have proven to have the exact opposite effect.
Instead of bringing peace and putting an end to the disputes… They only serve to strengthen activist resolve to carry on ‘claiming offence and grief!’
Take the recent example of the outcry at Ihumatao by a bunch of activists when Fletchers started building a subdivision there and had negotiated an amicable deal with the local Hupu elders who were happy for the project to go ahead.
Treaty settlements for the area had also already been completed.
‘Full and Final’ were the words used by former Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations Chris Finlayson
Despite all this… in walked a bunch of professional Maori grievance activists who began the usual anti-colonial haka.
Despite the ‘Full and Final settlement’ the Tainui King himself did not hesitate to go to Ihumatao and lend his mana to their cause… effectively breaking the settlement… and proving the grievances will never be settled in the minds of Tainui hierarchy.
The policy of contrition and appeasement shows weakness and only serves to entrench Radical activism and grievance… never satisfied.
If there is ever going to be an end to this madness it will only come when the people of New Zealand say *No More!*
Will this stand be made before the Treaty separatists have managed to absolutely desecrate all our nations colonial pride and heritage?
I have written an online article about the issues at Ihumatao that may be found here: http://eternalvigilance.nz/2019/08/apologetic-ihumatao-protester-lives-in-fantasy-and-self-denial/
“He Iwi Tahi Tatou”. “We are now one people” This is what Governor Hobson said as he shook the hand of each chief who signed the Treaty of Waitangi.
Dr O’Malley would do well to remember this historical fact.
The Treaty united Maori with the rest of New Zealand under British sovereignty.
From evidence within, I describe Dr O’Malley’s report as embodying the partisan bias of such recent ideas of Treaty partnership which contravene the first clause of the Treaty of Waitangi whereby sovereignty was ceded to the British Crown
Instead his school claims sovereignty was supposed to be shared.
I will provide historical validation for what I am saying from Sir Apirana Ngata shortly.
From this fundamental fallacy of ‘Treaty partnership’ he insists that the Kingitanga movement was not a breach of the Treaty… despite this being exactly how it was seen by the British government and settlers at the time, and from his false determination he then proceeds to make a case that the cause of the wars were fundamentally that of colonialist greed for Land, rather than what History proper records… That the Kingitanga movement was a Rebellion against the Treaty and that it was Tainui who began the war preparations, and instigated the dispute.
The war in the Waikato with the Kingites was about sovereignty not greed on the part of the settlers… not lust for land.
Despite these facts, revisionist historians like Dr O’Malley for the last 50 years have eroded our nations pioneering pride and sense of unity to the degree that Treaty partnership concepts, and the notion that colonisation as a whole was one gigantic racist crime… have become ‘official doctrine’ via a shameful process of successive political parties and governments retreating and pandering to radical separatist Maori activism… for the sake of gaining the support of the radicals occupying the Maori seats in parliament.
All this politics makes for very poor history.
New Zealand historian Paul Moon talks about this very thing in an article he wrote ( Stuff Sep 13, 2019)
“Given this importance, the Government’s decision to ensure all school students will be taught our country’s history is to be applauded.
Perhaps the most common response to emerge from the announcement is “which history?” or the more prejudicial “whose history?”. And there’s the rub. History is no mere list of dates and facts. It is often a contest between sometimes different ways of seeing the past, and what particular events in that past ought to be more pronounced. Many of these interpretations tend to chafe on contact with each other, resulting in history being a discipline that has to accommodate a wide range of views. Maybe this is why successive politicians have been reluctant to support compulsory New Zealand history in schools – it seems too contentious. Of course, there are risks that, if done poorly, compulsory history in our schools could veer into the realm of indoctrination. It is no coincidence that one of the first functions authoritarian regimes undertake on assuming power is to produce new history books in order to emphasise the “correct” version of history that is passed on to students. “
The truth is New Zealand has been in the throes of just such a scheme of systematic indoctrination for the past 50 years, and this is why today the legacy of these great men, and others like Captain Cook are under relentless attack.
I will supply sound arguments and citations to back up my assertions.
For the truth to prevail We must put the origins of the war in the Waikato into it’s correct historical context because this will help dissolve the false narrative that underpins the New Zealand species of Anti-colonialism and the false and divisive doctrines like ‘Treaty partnership’.
It must be understood that Communists have been attacking ‘British Imperialism’ since their age of revolution and a chief means of carrying on their ideological war has been the strategy of ‘divide and conquer’ … looking to recruit disgruntled minorities and activists in Western nations and fermenting angst and division.
Angst has been easy to find in many places, some of which may well express valid claims of large scale injustice yet was the colonisation of New Zealand an invasion of greedy villains hungry to rob Maori blind?
In this portion I want to rebut Dr O’Malleys argument that the war was all about Pakeha lust for Tainui land.
Ironically this modern doctrine peddled by treaty separatist is all about wealth and power… but not for Pakeha.
It’s all about getting massive ‘treaty settlements’ for Iwi via a dodgy process and the inherent bias of the Waitangi Tribunal.
The Waikato war was driven from a lust for wealth and power too but not on the part of the Settlers but was driven by Tainui jealousy at the progress of our industrious pioneering settlers.
It indeed was a struggle for domination… as Tainui decided to rebel against the Treaty… crown their own King… raise an army… and attempt to force the Pakeha out of New Zealand.
This argument I am presenting is the historically *Conservative view*, while Dr O’Malley is peddling radical Maori sovereignty propaganda dressed up as history.
Dr O’Malley’s report preaches the truly *novel and radical doctrines* … and not at all what far less partisan historians who lived nearer the events have recorded.
Dr O’Malley himself on page 10 of his report admits Captain Hamilton’s’ final Naval service record notes that he was ‘killed after great heroism and devotion’, and adds that ‘He was one of 10800 British Officers and men who served in the New Zealand Wars of 1845-72′ … and here’s the kicker… Dr O’Malley injects his own bias by saying their actions as being …’no longer widely seen in the straightforwardly heroic terms they once were among some groups’.
By ‘among some groups’ who considered the deeds of Hamilton, Grey, Bryce and Von Tempsky as being heroic…the men who today stand on trial most certainly were considered national heroes by virtually the entire population of the country…. Maori and Pakeha, save the rebel tribes themselves who were defeated!
I have already mentioned that Dr O’Malley has done his best to try and get the council to view matters from a perspective amiable to Tainui interests that attempts to absolve their recent ancestors of any and all guilt.
If we grant his observation that these matters are today seen in a ‘different light’ it is only because with the process of time we have forgotten what these men did to secure the life we now enjoy, and so in the vacuum modern revisionist like himself have made a living writing narratives for Iwi treaty claims, and for our Lefty Liberal dominated education system.
Can you find a single comment within Dr O’Malleys report where he indicates any wrongdoing by Tainui whatsoever?
I cant… and this type of omission is very indicative of a heavily slanted work.
Yet now I want to begin reminding people of the facts, and to do this properly requires at least a cursory overview of the colonisation process beginning in the early 1800s.
The true history of the British colonisation of New Zealand.
The Treaty of Waitangi is one of the great documents of history, esp in relations to the progress of civilisation and the age in which it was penned.
It is a document of enlightened ideals.
It established the framework for the foundation of the Nation of New Zealand.
Maori may have been here before the Pakeha, yet they were not *a nation*… but a were primitive tribes engaged in a constant state of war one with another.
Christian England was going through an age of Enlightenment whereby they had recoignised the ideal that all men are created equal under God and it was at the time of the foundations of our nation that the British Empire had Abolished Slavery (1833).
Contrast this with what was going on here at the same time in New Zealand.
Maori at this time were not only enslaving one another, but were cannibals… as a slave you were very likely to be eaten.
The practice of cannibalism was not an infrequent anomaly but deeply embedded in Maori custom and enjoyed… and dreaded.
Maori were very cruel to those they captured.
For reference I suggest reading Paul Moons ‘This Horrid Practice’.
In an article published on line by the NZ Herald 16 June, written by Peter Jackson talking about what is going on here in Hamilton.
Ngapuhi Leader David Rankin is quoted as having… ‘turned the whole Black Lives Matter trend on its head as he called for Tainui’s Turangawaewae Marae to be torn down’.
“Black Lives Matter-inspired demonstrations against symbols of history, in New Zealand and around the world, have focused on monuments to Europeans, but Ngapuhi leader, David Rankin, has called on Tainui to take down Turangawaewae Marae, which, he said, his iwi had long regarded as a symbol of enslavement and oppression.
The marae, he said, represented a dark period in the iwi’s history, when Tainui slavers abused his people to build their marae and grow crops for them.
“For us in the North, Turangawaewae Marae is a symbol of that slavery, murder and cannibalism, and so needs to be pulled down,” he said.
“The wealth that Tainui generated was made on the backs of Ngapuhi slaves.”
He had the support of his Te Matarahurahu hapu, whose ancestors were among those captured by Tainui, and used as slaves. Sometimes slaves had become part of the communities of their captors, but in this case they were eventually killed and eaten.
“Tainui famously acquired corn by disembowelling my ancestor and removing the kernels in his stomach for seed,” he said.
“Tainui has a moral obligation to pull down that marae, which for us is a symbol of cultural hatred, and if they don’t pull it down, then we will come down and do the job for them.”
These excerpts can be found on line here
So with this being the inconvenient truth about Tainui’s own history and doings, how duplicitous of them to be now complaining about ill treatment and pointing the finger at *everyone* but themselves?
By what double standard are we expected to hold a microscope to our colonial heritage and yet grant Tainui a free pass on their own checkered past?
Ought it not be clear that the council is being led down a rabbit hole by duplicitous activists?
How can it really be construed that the establishment of British law and order here in New Zealand that until the rebellions, ended these tribal wars, cannibalism, and slavery as described by David Rankin be today be deemed to have been horribly destructive to the indigenous population?
There are far more Maori alive today, and despite the many things vexing Maori today, they all exist in a far healthier and prosperous state than they once did prior to colonization by Britain.
This is an indisputable fact that is almost completely misunderstood about what conditions were like here for Pre-European colonization Maori.
The issues Maori are facing today have nothing to do with ‘post traumatic stress’ caused by collonisation as activist bureaucrats and academics shamelessly assert.
To believe so is yet another way in which the radical activists have been able to smoke the gullible and to misdiagnose the real causes of Maori plight.
The dire social problems facing Maori today have far more to do with personal choices and ethics than is permitted to be laid at their feet, because the fashion of our day is to see them as victims of colonialism rather than as authors of their own plight.
These matters fall outside the scope of today’s concerns and yet these notions still off-colour the way people think about the colonization of New Zealand.
Edward Gibbon Wakefield.
Lets get back on track. The colonisation of New Zealand was far different from European colonization of other places like the penal colony of Australia, The USA, or South Africa.
So it was that during an enlightened era of humanitarianism in Britain and the recognition of the equality of races, and having been invited, and after much lobbying and deliberations, William Hobson was commissioned to treat with Maori for the cession of sovereignty to the British Crown in exchange for protection from France and the establishment of British law and order.
This good will is all reflected in the composition of the Treaty… its various articles, in particular the 2nd article which was expressly concerned with ensuring a transparent and well scrutenised process whereby Land transactions could be facilitated in a way that protected Maori from being ripped off.
Land was to be surveyed, and first offered directly to the Crown who would purchase the land, then on sell it using profits for defraying the costs of governance and the construction of national infrastructure.
Not only does this clause reflect the care and concerns that colonisation proceed on fair terms for Maori, but also was following Edward Gibbon Wakefield’s definitive work ‘The Art of Colonisation’ which sought to take all the hard lessons learned from the less systematic colonisation of other nations like America, and Australia, and is notable for it’s concerns for the wellbeing of Native populations and explained how their interests could be catered for, and importantly how systematic colonisation would solve so many ‘evils’ that such undertakings had inadvertently caused elsewhere when done without foresight… such as how to finance the governance and construction of Infrastructure that is so vital for the common wheal.
In the early years the one thing New Zealand had an over-abundance of was un utilised land.
The idea that land sales should be controlled by the government was to prevent natural oversupply from rendering land values as paltry, thus ensuring Maori got a fair price.
This is not a heritage for which New Zealanders of colonial descent should feel any shame whatsoever!
In fact, it is a story of benevolence and enlightenment, and cooperation that few other nations can equal!
Thus at the very time slavery was abolished in the British empire, in the Christian spirit of the brotherhood of man, missionaries from the Church Missionary Society left the comforts of civilisation and risked everything to bring the gospel. and the benefits of civilisation to the primitive Maori people who lived here in backwards darkness slavery, and superstition.
When it became known that the French had ambitions for this country, by the hand of the missionaries the Maori chiefs formed a confederation asking for the protection of the British Empire.
“In 1831 a petition signed by 13 northern Māori chiefs was sent to King William IV. They asked for recognition of their trading and missionary contacts with Britain, expressed fear of intervention by other nations and requested protection from lawless British subjects”
From here https://nzhistory.govt.nz/james-busby-arrives-as-first-official-british-resident#:~:text=5%20May%201833&text=In%201831%20a%20petition%20signed,protection%20from%20lawless%20British%20subjects.
Putting all this in true and verifiable historical context and the spirit of those times…. The colonisation of New Zealand by the British empire was not ‘an invasion’ but was by invitation.
Ceding sovereignty to the British Crown was a stroke of genius for Maori as not only did they secure for themselves the rights of British subjects and begin in earnest the process by which they would be raised out of primitive poverty and darkness, ending their otherwise endless tribal wars, and they also avoided the very real prospects of having been invaded *For Real*, and subjugated by the French… who still practiced slavery in their colonies.
From the very beginning therefore history records not only the justness by which British sovereignty was established here, but also the peaceable and respectful means by which colonistation was carried out with careful regard for the interests of the Maori people.
The accusations made by Maori radicals like Tariana Turia who called colonisation ‘a holocaust’ claiming it to be one gigantic Lawless stampede to deprive Maori of their lands simply cannot withstand scrutiny.
Such wild accusations are the constructs of heavily prejudiced Political agitators for nefarious political ends… people who seek to set the narrative as a contest between ‘brown’ and ‘white’… when in truth there have always been more ‘browns’ fighting on the side of the ‘whites’ than on the side of the radicals of the Maori Party.
Post 1840 there were contentions raised about the second article of the Treaty whereby pre-emption on land purchases to the Crown was stipulated as a means to systematically control the process of land sales by Maori. It was being argued that in reality the pre-emption on land sales was not consistent with the rights of British subjects confered by the same article.
This argument prevailed and for a period pre-emption was suspended by Fitzroy, and yet it was restored again by Governor Grey in 1846 from a desire to protect Maori from Land sharks and restore a much needed revenue stream for the government.
A reference for these events can be found on line here
Having now laid down the *Real historical* spirit of the times that underpinned colonisation of New Zealand as an enterprise undertaken with very strong ethical concerns and legal protections for the interests of Maori we are better position to look at events in the Waikato in the 1860s.
“Awaiting the order to advance” (for the battle of Gate Pa). Taken at sunrise on 29 April 1864. General Duncan Cameron is leaning on the wheel of the gun carriage, (fifth from right).
The Causes of the War (Part 2)
In the time line of Gordon McLauchlan’s ‘Short history of the New Zealand Wars, on Pg 15 says for 1858 ” Tainui Leader Te Wherowhero is chosen as the Maori king and takes the name of Potatau 1. This is seen by many settlers as a challenge to the sovereignty of Queen Victoria”.
Before hostilities commenced, when Tainui was plotting to attack Auckland and ferment a unified Maori onslaught to drive the Pakeha back into the Sea, they sent emissaries to other tribes in the hope they would align themselves into an overwhelming force, and yet these emissaries met with blunt refusals.
Ngapuhi said they would rather have a white woman as their queen than a Tainui King.
Ref: Maori History of the War pg 510,511 Defenders of New Zealand
Many tribes had confidence in Sir George Grey.
Their confidence would prove well placed.
Nonetheless Tainui rallied sufficient allies to embolden them to continue with their rebellious intent.
This was the true nature of the threat Tainui presented to Governor Grey and why he deployed his army against them in the name of The British Crown, the Treaty, and the people of New Zealand whom were under the protection of the British Crown.
I wish to impress upon you how dire the situation was from the settlers perspective, who were witnessing Maori uprisings and faced the very real prospects of having their lives and property brutally destroyed.
I hope you can transport yourselves back to appreciate the magnitude of the crisis the rebel tribes threw upon the shoulders of men like Sir George Grey, and that the fate of the entire colony hung in the balance and that only by a strong hand and great sacrifice could order and peace be restored.
Was the war about Land? No!
Even from reading O Malley’s report we can see that like Governor Browne before him, Sir George Grey clearly saw the Kingite movement as rebellious and a contrary to the Treaty… thus exploding any notion that the Treaty was supposed to be ‘a partnership’.
(Read pg 19 of his report)
And this was not merely a prejudiced groundless opinion but was a materializing realty via Kingite aggression, murders, and war preparation… admitted in O Malley’s report.pg 21.
When Dr O’Malley portrays the war as really being a massive land grab, he clearly seeks to paint Sir George Grey as dishonest and conniving… yet why should we accept such a clearly prejudicial view?
With respect to the actual historic record as to why Governor Grey himself stated he decided to engage the Kingites… and other actions , O’Malley tries to discredit Grey’s honesty by using such phrases as ‘Historians have been highly dismissive of these claims’ (pg 21)
And finishing his chapter on Grey on pg 27 he says “Long remembered (By Pakeha at least) as Good Governor Grey’, his reputation has undergone something of a battering in recent decades as his role in ordering the invasion of Waikato, among other actions, have been the subjected to more critical investigation and analysis”
In insinuating here on page 27 that Grey’s historic reputation as good hinged upon ‘white prejudice’ Dr O’Malley hopes you forget that far more Iwi chose to fight on Governor Grey’s side than with the rebels!
It would seem reasonable to assume all such Maori who fought on the side of the British, and shared in the victory of suppressing the rebellions, restoring the peace under British sovereignty would also hold Grey as being ‘the good Governor’ too!
So his reputation of being ‘good’ is not simply a matter of racial prejudice as Dr O’Malley maliciously insinuates!
Many Maori were glad to see Tainui and all the other rebellious tribes humbled and British sovereignty prevail.
Portrait of Sir George Grey and Te Riwai Ropiha
Invasion or rightful enforcement of British sovereignty?
Dr O Malley’s repetitious assertion that Grey ‘Invaded’ the Waikato has been corrected in the Tross Publishing submission. Grey sent in the troops only after having warned the Kingites to desist from their hostilities, and return to peaceful co existence, and made it clear that if they disregarded his warnings, He would enforce the Treaty, and their violence and rebellion would be punished forthwith. The enforcement of the Law cannot be described as ‘an invasion’ as if Governor Grey had no legal basis to enforce the Treaty, defend the sovereignty of Victoria, and defend the Settlers lives and property from Tainui aggression that was patently a repudiation of the Treaty.
It was his duty to do so.
‘In a proclamation to the Maori Chiefs of the Waikato, dated 11 July 1863′ Governor Grey asked them to stop their evil acts against the peaceable settlers.’
‘Grey asked for the free passage of Europeans in the Waikato district, in particular for movement on the Waikato river.
He also stated: “…Those who remain peaceably at their own villages in [the] Waikato, or move into such districts as may be pointed out by the Government, will be protected in their person, property, and land.
Those who wage war against her Majesty, or remain in arms, threatening the lives of peaceable subjects, must take the consequences of their acts and they must understand that they forfeit the right to the possession of their lands guaranteed to them by the treaty of Waitangi; which lands will be occupied by a population capable of protecting for the future the quiet and un-offending from the violence with which they are now so constantly threatened.”
Excerpts from Richard Stowers’s ‘Forest Rangers’ pg 6
There you have it from Governor Grey what was the cause of the war, and why after having defeated the Kingite rebels, and the sovereignty of the queen being firmly settled, that land was confiscated as just punishment.
It’s important to grasp the sequence of events from Dr O’Malleys own report on pg 21 O’Malley shows that Grey gave the order to his troops to enter the Waikato district after extreme provocation.
Dr O’Malley admits British troops had been ambushed at Oakura and 9 killed, yet omits the fact that in the Waikato also the Kingites had also begun hostilities against the settlers that forced Grey’s hand.
Grey fears about the intents of the Kingitanga movement were materialising with murderous troubles in defiance of the Queens authority.
General Duncan Cameron.
Grey’s Disputes with General Cameron.
It is a recorded fact that I won’t avoid that, as stated by Dr O’Malley that Sir George Grey had a contentious relationship with the man he had in charge of putting down the rebellion, General Cameron. It is not uncommon for there to be differences of opinion about how military campaigns should be run, and that tempers and arguments happen. It is obvious that General Cameron did not see eye to eye with Grey. He was a man of his own opinions, and one whose heart was not committed to fulfilling Grey’s strategies or rationale.
In the heat of disagreement Cameron did express his own suspicions and cast dispersion upon Grey accusing him of being greedy for land.
This dispute may have heavily influenced Dr O’Malley’s views.
Grey himself did not countenance such besmirchment of his character but vigorously denied the accusation.
Without doubt General Cameron was a man of empathy for the plight of his enemy… a fact that itself is incongruous with Dr O’Malleys assertions that atrocities were sanctioned under Cameron’s command such as the account he gives of events at Rangiaowhia and clearly he desired as early settlement for peace as he believed possible.
Alternatively, and as stated by Dr O’Malley having had his ultimatums to stand down rejected, and now having been forced to make good on his warnings, Grey was far more determined than Cameron to ensure the Tainui rebels were sufficiently subdued.
This does not make Grey evil. He was determined to crush the Kingite rebellion and punish them. He not only wanted to strongly enforce the Treaty by which the lawful authority of the British Crown was established but also make it clear that any future rebellions would also face heavy penalties!
This exercise of power was the only means by which rebellious chiefs could be persuaded from causing future troubles and disturbing the peace.
The land confiscations were just punishment.
Grey’s use of power in this way is a lesson in statesmanship and resolve against murderous elements that had to be subdued, and it was from these wise and determined policies our nation enjoyed peace for 100 years… that is until the Early 1970s and the rise of the Communist left radical Maori separatist movement.
Conspicuous by it’s absence is any hint of acceptance from Dr O’Malley that Grey’s expressed views were valid or justified.
Basically, Dr O’Malley chooses to side with the rebels at all points.
That the war was never about plundering land can been easily proven by what actually transpired after the war.
Over time much of the confiscated land was returned, and in fact more was offered to be returned if only Tainui would publicly acknowledge the sovereignty of the British Crown… yet this fundamental point was rejected by Tainui, and is admitted by Dr O’Malley on pg 46 of his report on John Bryce, then Native Minister of the Colony.
It’s important to apprehend the significance of what is said in this section as we can see that the only stumbling block in the return of confiscated land to Tainui was the stubborn refusal of their King to accept Bryce’s only condition… that they acknowledge the English queens sovereignty over this Island from one end to the other.
The war was never about greed for land… it was a battle over sovereignty … and Tainui acted in bad faith against the first article of the Treaty of Waitangi.
They were in rebellion, and they were defeated in battle by British forces with colonial auxiliaries like Von Tempsky and The Forrest Rangers, and many ‘friendly natives’ who distinguished themselves in being fervent in their participation to defend their own lands from Rebel aggression and ensure the ongoing sovereignty of the English Crown.
Sir Apirana Ngata
The confiscations were punishment for rebellion and a clear demonstration of British authority over New Zealand in accord with the Treaty of Waitangi.
Punishment for wrongdoing is never pleasant.
Dr O’Malley states at the top of page 22 of his report that the intervention of the British troops against the Rebel Kingites quote ‘was devastating for the Waikato’ and yet does not indicate to you that the truth is the rebel Maori brought this calamity upon themselves.
They thought they would ‘push the Pakeha back into the sea…. they were horribly wrong… and would have to pay dearly for their crimes.
Many lives were lost as a direct consequence of their rebellion against the Treaty.
An article appeared in the Daily Southern Cross (Auckland daily newspaper) on October 1863, stated
“If lands are now taken from the Maori, through the fortune of war, it is a result for which the Maoris alone are responsible. They have had to choose between British citizenship and independence; and they have made their decision. they have rejected the conditions which might have incorporated them with the European colonists into one British community; and they can no longer plead the treaties made in their favour. they cannot be allowed to enjoy all the romantic part of the bargain, and escape from the legal obligations. They are either British subjects in rebellion, or they are an independent nation making war against England. In either character, they must take all the responsibilities.”
Found on pg7 of R Stowers Forest Rangers.
It is essential to appreciate that the confiscations *were an essential factor* to teach the rebellious and militant Maori chiefs that if they remain peaceful, they would enjoy their lands, yet if they decided to rise up in rebellion they would pay the price… thus the confiscations were not only just, but also a stimulus to future peace.
No less an authority than Sir Apirana Ngata stated that… “Let me issue a word of warning to those who are in the habit of bandying the name of the Treaty around to be very careful lest it be made the means of incurring certain liabilities under the law which we do not know now and which are being borne only by the Pakeha.”
“Some have said that the land confiscations were wrong and they contravened the articles of the Treaty of Waitangi, but the chiefs placed in the hands of the Queen of England, the sovereignty and authority to make laws. Some sections of the Maori people violated that authority. War arose and blood was spilled. The Law came into operation and land was taken in payment. This in itself is Maori custom-revenge-plunder to avenge a wrong. It was their chiefs who ceded that right to the queen. The confiscations cannot therefore be objected to in the light of the Treaty ”
Extracts from “The Treaty of Waitangi, An Explanation.” by Sir Apirana Ngata
Dr O’Malley’s ill-treatment of the great Major Gustav Von Tempsky who gave his life for the sake of reestablishing law and order in our nation.
Due to the fact that I have already written many thousands of words in general defense of all four names, I must refrain from any attempts to fully vindicate the worthiness of Each independently.
It pains me that I cannot do full justice in defense of their good names however I could not live with my own conscience were I not to say a few extra things for Von Tempsky.
On June 27 this year the Waikato Times published an article called ‘living in Von Tempsky’s shadow’ in which having read O’Malley’s report Hamilton Major Paula Southgate remarks “Von Tempsky was a pretty nasty gentleman and I hadn’t understood quite how much he had done” …
This is the view Dr O’Malley’s report impressed upon the Mayor, and yet in reality Von Tempsky was an absolute Legend! A national hero who gave his life for the sake of establishing peace and order.
The Mayor would appreciate this if she better informed herself rather than simply taking Dr O’Malley’s report as the gospel truth.
I hope my submission is helpful in this regard.
Let me provide a quotation from an absolutely impartial quarter ‘Bowie Knife Fighter: Gustavus Von Tempsky’
It sources its information about Von Tempsky from ‘An Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966’
It is an interesting report on the good character of Von Tempsky…. certainly shows he was no murdering ‘Maori hater’… a complete contrast to what the historical revisionists have invented about him…
He was obviously a dangerous man to the enemy,
Quote: “Von Tempsky took part in the actions at Hairini, Waiari, Rangiaowhia, Kihikihi and Orakau, establishing a reputation as an intrepid leader. He was a strong disciplinarian who was popular with his men. When the defenders broke out of the Orakau Pa, he led his men in a ruthless pursuit but strongly disapproved when the British troops killed some of the wounded and women. He encouraged his men to intervene in order to prevent these atrocities.”
This is not the picture of Von Tempsky Dr O’Malley presents.
So much is said in Dr O’Malley’s report, and yet so much also is missing.
His use of citations.
In the introduction to my submission I made commentary on the fact that Dr O’Malley says his report is not exhaustive.
Reading his report, I find carefully avoidance on his part… serious omissions of fact, context, and also purposeful ambiguity on his use of citations that imbue his narrative with an air of objective validity and support it does not justly deserve.
It disturbs me the manner in which Dr O’Malley interweaves personal commentary in with the appearance of having an objective basis in historic citations… without providing the texts from which he claims support what he is saying but references only.
I assert had he done so this would seriously detract from the view point he seeks to portray *as history*.
Rarely does his report contain substantial quotations in their rightful place… his excuse may be for the sake of brevity… yet I see this as a device for him to reinterpret everything to suit his ‘story’.
Often his citations are for a phrase ‘here and there’ yet some might assume the citation vindicates an entire paragraph in which he has made many bold and misleading claims.
It is not that such behavior is abnormal for historians to do who write history like a novel… or presenting a ‘thesis’… which is clearly what Dr O’Malley has done with this report.
They are selective with what they chose to quote verbatim and what they merely seek to allude to… esp when they are selling their own hypothesis rather than rigorously maintaining journalistic integrity.
Under normal circumstances it is up to the reader of history to appreciate this… and to search out other opinions for balance… if they care for such… almost no casual reader does… only those who have a personal interest tend to immerse themselves more thoroughly.
In this sense history is a specialist subject requiring more than just a summer read under an umbrella.
Such deeper interest and study is my passion, thus having searched out multiple sources… I’m giving you the opportunity to consider the other side of the debate … for balance… and I believe that by hearing me a fairer picture will emerge.
Ordinarily modern histories are read for personal amusement and Learning with little at stake, and under such normal conditions the historian may giant themselves much license, yet when we consider the weighty reasons for which the council commissioned his report… and the political nature of Dr O’Malley’s past exploits, such contextual omissions and ambiguous citations simply isn’t good enough!
He ought to have worked to a far higher standard… one that we should expect would be adhered to for Legal proceedings.
How is it that Dr O’Malley expects the council to deem his observations as authoritatively validated without being able to read the citations in the context of which they were originally penned?
Because of this serious failure… intentional or otherwise, is it to be expected that the council will blindly trust his inferences and citations without fact checking or at least corroborating them for themselves from the historic texts he claims as justification for his remarks?
Let me give just one example of many… from the report that concerns me in this regard.
It is in the chapter written to ‘educate’ the city council as to the character of Gustav Von Tempsky on page 30 with the date 13 December 1863 Dr O’Malley introduces what looks to be ‘the first shots fired’ by the Forest Rangers… the Special Forces Units to which Gustav Von Tempsky belonged.
He states that on this date the Forest Rangers ‘Attacked a camp of Maori Men, woman, and children, killing at least 7 of them’.
And that the Newspaper ‘Daily Southern Cross’ accused the Forest Rangers of murder… giving the citation 113.
Dr O’Malley makes no attempt to provide the actual article for councilors to judge, just a reference in the footnotes, yet I have seen the article from which Dr O’Malley has selected his remark.
I wonder how many councilors can say the same thing?
Are Dr O’Malley’s assertions that the actions of the Forrest Rangers he describes as ‘murderous’ the strongest evaluations to be drawn from the text he cites?
Not at all!
Yet he would have you believe they are!
The only way you will discover the contrary is by taking the trouble to fact check.
The article can be found on line here : https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/DSC18631217.2.11
The article he cites is very objective in that it does not shy away from telling readers of various perspectives including the uncomfortable reality that some rivals indeed described the event as ‘murder’… yet it goes on to say that such views are ‘almost too absurd to notice’… and carries on *justifying the actions of the Forest Rangers*, painting a very different picture of the hostile Maori Dr O Malley chose to describe as ‘praying men woman and children’!
As the article says… “almost too absurd to notice!”… yet not for Dr O’Malley!
These Maori were enemies… described as plunderers and murderers, and the article commends Captain Jackson for having done his duty.
Von Tempsky was not even present (admitted in the report) nonetheless Dr O’Malley intentionally picked this particular armed clash on the 13th of December because it served his intended purpose to weave in Von Tempsky as vicious and seeking personal vainglory without regard for humane conduct.
Dr O’Malley mentions Von Tempsky’s ‘strong pang of jealousy’ giving the citation 114
How Dr O’Malley’s narrative reads is that The Forest Rangers under their Commander Jackson had committed an act of villainy and that out of envy… wishing he could have participated in this supposed ‘crime’ Von Tempsky expressed his jealousy… when in truth Von Tempsky was not jealous that he had missed out on ‘committing atrocities’, but that Captain Jackson with whom Von Tempsky had chosen to compete for Military honours had gained a noble and glorious victory.
Do you appreciate the subtle distinction from what Von Tempsky himself meant from what Dr O’Malley seeks to portray?
Von Tempsky admitted his own feelings about this… yet what Dr O’Malley omits from his ‘reference’ was that Von Tempsky gained control of his pride and expressed gratitude that his side had scored a victory over the enemy.
Should council undertake similar investigations of the rest of Dr O’Malley’s citations, erudite minds will have no trouble spotting many more factual discrepancies contained within his report at variance with the very citations he uses that ought to vindicate him!
On pages 41-42, Dr O’Malley treats John Bryce in the same manor of attempted guilt by mere association when some Maori children were killed by the Kai Iwi Calvary… a deed he did not participate in and had even been to court and had his name cleared of wrong doing.
In both these cases… neither Von Tempsky nor Bryce committed any atrocities and yet Dr O’Malley has done his best to implicate them and sway this councils views to do the same.
For a better account of the event that what has been given them by Dr O’Malley councilors should read ‘Defenders of New Zealand,’ pg 307-308.
We see that ‘ the group of children’ described by Dr O’Malley were in fact a Rebel raiding party caught in the very act.
Before moving on, I must raise a particularly peculiar and disturbing aspect of the report that seriously calls its objectivity into question.
And that is the very odd way Dr O’Malley does not shy away from using his own published opinions as authoritative references… many times… a ruse that is patently dubious!
Are we supposed to accept Dr O’Malley’s opinions in the report on the cited authority of Dr O’Malley’s own personally published opinions?
What contrivance is this?
We must assert that all such portions of his report that rely on his own authority in this way are portions for which he could find no valid corroborating impartial historical authority.
Today is seems only Black Lives Matter.
Victimism is the new trump card.
We read earlier about the article in which Napuhi Leader David Raken was said to have ‘turned the Black Lives Matter’ argument on its head.
The article was relating the parallels between the defacement and removal of Captain Hamilton’s statue for the town square with recent events in America regarding the destruction and removal of American civil war monuments and others such as memorials to Columbus.
These similarities are not accidental.
Though oceans apart, Radical leftists with heavily racist views in both the US and New Zealand have developed this strategy to win support for their extremist causes, and in the US the openly Marxist group Black Lives Matter have in conjunction with other radical Leftist organisations such as Antifa have organised violent protests and riots.
The defacement of the statue of Hamilton, and demands to remove monuments to Captain Cook, and the business we are discussing here and now about the Name of our city are all related to this left wing political ‘spirit of our times’.
It is a dangerous and destructive and hateful radical ideological movement.
Today, with alarming eagerness myriads of white leftist Liberals gleefully embrace the notion that their own heritage is just one great long trail of oppression and greed.
Remember slavery was ended in US in the latter half of the 19th century so virtually the same period of time has passed as for the wars in New Zealand.
Despite this long passage of time. Black Lives Matter organisation desires to keep angst for Slavery raw and sore… pretending that Black Americans today are still oppressed… not just historically from slavery… but also by what they have coined as ‘White privilege’.
This phenomena has become a full blown hysteria, and being carried away in this frenzy many politicians have been keen to ‘virtue signal’ by pandering to the very skewed opinions of this radical group.
Trends in leftist dominated academic circles, Hollywood, Left leaning media and social media has exported this craze around the globe and it now has roots here in our own city.
That our council is today considering such extreme undertakings as changing the name of our city demonstrates just how intoxicating this Left wing cool aid is!
No doubt some Hamilton City Councilors hold personal political leanings which though not representative of the majority of Hamiltonians, predisposes them to the same sort of bias about ‘white privilege ‘and harbour desires to virtue signal and promote what they believe to be positive discrimination as we witness happening in the US.
This is not equality before the law or blind (impartial) justice.
This is Identity politics and stacking the deck!
Many Hamiltonians were alarmed with the haste with which Hamilton City Council crumbled in the face of the radical Maori activist demands and removed the statue of Captain Hamilton!
This was done without democratic process and signals a foreboding omen that there is every probability that the city council will capitulate further… without a true mandate from the people of Hamilton. In truth I know there will be some left leaning city councilors who relish the opportunity to autocratically make these Radical decisions in total contempt for Democracy.
The removal of the statue is a text book example of how Western values and civilisation are currently under bombardment by politically correct totalitarianism whereby Radical leftists have politicised virtually every aspect of our lives and who display a fanatical hatred and intolerance for any opinions that do not fully align with their own.
Freedom of speech is under attack, and it is true to say that many people, and politicians are today scared to express their true feelings and views out of fear they will be denounced as hateful bigots simply because they do not endorse the Leftist narratives.
All it took for Maori radicals to get the mighty city of Hamilton to prostrate ourselves before them was to claim the statue of Hamilton cause them ‘offence’.
The arguments they proffered were baseless and weak, and held by only a tiny minority!
By far the majority of Hamiltonians enjoyed the statue, and were not at all offended by it, and yet their sentiments and values were held in contempt by a city council without spine and too eager to retreat under the pitiable onslaught of the Leftist political ideology that “white men are evil” and should be ashamed of themselves, and their heritage.
New Zealanders of european ancestry are expected to assume a massive burden of collective guilt all because of supposed ancient crimes they themselves never committed, and pay reparations for oppression to people who were never oppressed… all simply by virtue of the skin colour of each demographic!
It is not without Irony that it ought to be understood that it was such primitive notions of ‘collective guilt’ and exacting ‘utu’ from the relatives for past wrongs committed by individual members of a tribe that fueled the endless cycle of tribal wars of old.
It was the establishment of British sovereignty, and the vastly superior system of law and justice that ended such notions of ‘collective, and that true justice cannot be exacted from innocent others who are merely blood relations.
The Leftist notions sown by ‘Black Lives Matter’ and the treaty grievance industry seek to overthrow the advances made by British rule here in New Zealand and return us backwards to a far less enlightened and divided age… back into tribalism.
This is what Identity politics is all about… dividing everyone into separate groups so that one group can be labeled ‘Oppressors’ and the other ‘Victims’.
That is how Socialism works.
Yet in truth not a single person white person alive today is guilty of the slavery of the past, nor was any black American or Maori a slave of Pakeha.
Ideological slander afoot.
This is a Leftist political revolution that is going on around the globe is involved in a complete rewriting of the history of British empire as one great series of horrendous crimes, one after another….
This is not only ironic, but also an intellectual crime of the highest order given that it can be easily proven that it has been through the enlightened progress of ideals of equality and freedom of which Britain has been the chief teacher and benefactor, that has raised up justice for the common man and the standards of living for the entire western world!
While these facts may be ignored… they cannot be refuted.
Am I the only one in the room who can see that all this political ideology is the very incarnation of racism against white people?
It is the Left that has made race the focal point of all social statistics.
It is the Left that try and absolve the so-called ‘oppressed races’ of any personal responsibility for their lot in life both in the past and in the present, and instead heap all blame upon the focus of their hatred… the so-called heartless, selfish, and greedy white person!
Revisionist histories like the O’Malley report have been written with this as their guiding themes.
White New Zealanders and others have a right to exist here in New Zealand. This is as much their country as it is that of the Maori people.
They too have as much right as Maori to have their heritage respected and for their memorials to stand for posterity… just as we respectfully allow Maori monuments and memorials to stand.
That is what defines an enlightened and tolerant and free society.
New Zealand currently has a very healthy and happy mix of both Maori place names and Pakeha place names.
We have Whangarei and Auckland
We have Tauranga and Wellington.
We have Christchurch and Hokitika… etc etc.
We have Whakatane and Thames.
We have Ngaruwahia and Hamilton.
In no way can it be construed that Maori place names have been systematically obliterated via colonisation.
The opposite is true!
To a very large extent Maori names have been respectfully preserved.
The same can be said of street names.
Far from vindicating the Left-wing narrative about Pakeha trampling underfoot all things Maori this happy balance between English and Maori place names clearly evidences a completely different truth!
It demonstrates a very great mutual respect by most Maori and Pakeha.
This healthy balance is complimentary one with the other.
Yet this is what the Radical Activists are attempting to destroy via their toxic ideas and endless complaints.
The activists calling to demolish our memorials don’t represent the New Zealand people, they are a tiny disgruntled bunch of agitators backed by a powerful vested interest.
Kiwis of all descents have embraced Maori culture as an essential aspect of our national identity and it is outrageously contemptible to assume otherwise.
Yet this respect must be mutual… not just Maori Pa and Maori warriors need to be honoured, but also Pakeha Pa…and Pakeha warriors like the military settlement that was named ‘Hamilton’ after a fallen hero and the streets that were named Grey, Von Tempsky, and Bryce.
It is of little wonder or consequence that some few Tainui chose to keep a chip on their shoulder about these matters.
I do not deny them their right to do so yet I am very concerned that they are trying to manipulate our city council into a state of contrition!
Were these men on trial faultless angels? Obviously not.
But on the whole, they were great figures who served our country to the best of their ability… making both friends and enemies in the process.
There will always be controversies and disputes about men of action and historical figures.
No one escapes
Intolerance and offence ought not to be a trump cards that negates everyone else’s values and opinions.
A society cannot stand under such petty terms.
It inevitably self immolates.
Let’s allow our historic monuments to stand up for future generations to ponder.
It is my very strong petition to the Council today that they respectfully preserve the names of Hamilton, Grey, Von Tempsky, and Bryce Street.
Author: Tim Wikiriwhi
So must end my critique of Dr O’Malley’s so-called historical report.
I do not have time to full expound on the injustice, financial burden, and chaos that would be unfairly borne by Hamilton clubs, businesses, etc should the council make such a rash decision to change the name of our city. I will only mention it in passing because this is a significant and unnecessary evil that would result from such a foolish council determination.
In closing my final argument is possibly the most important because it has to do with democratic due process.
This council must not pretend it has any mandate from the people of Hamilton to make such radical changes!
None of you ran for office with the express policy saying you believed Hamilton to be a despicable name associated with oppression.
Such momentous and highly ideologically driven proposals ought to be reserved as an election issue of the highest order and opened to rigorous public debate.
If upon the conclusion of these proceedings the proposals to change the names of our city and streets are not immediately dismissed as they ought to be, then they should be made a referendum!
Then the people of Hamilton will let you know their will on this matter… yet devious leftist political operators do not want this to be decided by the people… because they know what the answer will be!
Such a shameful deed was recently committed by the New Plymouth District Council behaving in total contempt for democracy by autonomously establishing a Maori ward against the will of the people who have overwhelmingly rejected the proposal in the past.
Under not conditions ought the shameful activities of NPDC be emulated here in Hamilton.
May the guilty councilors be thrown out on their activist butts next election!
There is a gross duplicity at work!
We live in a shameful PC world where it appears that the only people allowed to take pride in their heritage are non-Europeans.
A double standard by which the ‘Great Maori chiefs’ are not today being held to anything near the same politically correct standards that are used to posthumously character assassinate their contemporary great Pakeha chiefs!
Maori murderers, slavers, cannibals, get a free pass!
If we are to re-name Hamilton and Grey St, Von Tempsky Steet, and Bryce st… on the basis that they are accused of participating in atrocities and oppression ought not we also apply the same standards and outrage to the monuments of Te Rauparaha, Te Kooti, etc etc????
In truth it is a travesty to compare the doings of Grey, Von Tempsky, Bryce, and Hamilton with such villains!
Wisdom dictates we entirely abandon this destructive witch hunt and travesty of dragging up the past in this way!
Leave *all* monuments… whether Maori or Pakeha to stand!
Let them be there for future generations to contemplate and appreciate our rich heritage of *both* Maori and Pakeha… and of course the monuments of every other ethnicity of New Zealanders that have played their part in building and enriching our nation.
Let us cease pandering to the divisive activism of radicals!
The greatness, and goodness of the founders of our nation ought to be well known by every Kiwi boy and girl!
The richness of our heritage as the source of our culture and national character must be defended from those who seek to trample it underfoot.
The crisis posed by the various Maori uprisings required men of both principle and determination as Grey, Hamilton, Von Tempsky and Bryce undoubtedly were, willing to risk personal danger for the sake of defeating the murderous and lawless rebels.
It was not a time for effeminate weaklings, or policies of appeasement of the sort that Richard Chamberlain would become infamous for as he acquiesced in the face of aggression of Germany
The Tross Publishing Submission…
The first disturbing thing to be said about the one-sided “Historical Report on Hamilton Street and City Names” is that it was commissioned by two parties, one of them being the Waikato Tainui tribe and it appears that O’Malley has tailored his report to suit their obvious purpose of progressively removing European names from Hamilton city and streets. It is unbelievable that the Council, which is supposed to represent all the citizens of Hamilton, should join together with the prime advocate for a change of names.
For this reason the Report should be treated with a certain amount of wariness. Furthermore, O’Malley cannot be regarded as an impartial historian when it comes to any historical matter affecting British forces for he has told at least one public gathering that he hates the British for what they allegedly did to his Irish ancestors some 200 or so years ago.
His report is not impartial; it is character assassination by carefully selected half truths of four historical figures whose names have been recognised in Hamilton for a century and a half without any problems. O’Malley’s narrative is backed by bold assertions that are often untrue but widely accepted, being part of the new “conventional wisdom” of revisionist “historians” and others.
In his Introduction he makes the rather trivial point that Captain Hamilton never visited the place to be named after him. So what?
Nor did Lord Auckland ever visit Auckland, or the Duke of Wellington visit the capital of New Zealand, or Sir Charles Napier visit Napier. Nor did the hero of Trafalgar ever visit Nelson, or General Picton visit Picton, or Lord Palmerston visit Palmerston or Warren Hastings visit Hastings.
As early as the Introduction O’Malley shows his bias by referring to the “invasion” of the Waikato by Governor Grey and this word “invasion” (or its verb) is used throughout the book (13 times) in an emotive and brainwashing manner. It is untrue as the word “invasion” suggests an invasion of another country or territory such as Hitler’s invasion of Poland or Argentina’s invasion of the British colony of the Falkland Islands in 1982. Since Waikato, like all of New Zealand, was sovereign British territory under the rule of the Governor of New Zealand it was not legally possible for Grey to “invade” part of his colony. “Militarily occupy” – yes; but not “invade”.
On Page 4 he states that the military settlement of Hamilton was established on the site of a Maori “kainga” known as Kirikiriroa. That may be so but the Hamilton of to-day was built almost entirely by the enterprise and labour of people of European ancestry (mainly British) and there is no reason 150 years down the track to change the name of this lively and largely non-Maori city. In fact, it would be disrespectful to the memory of all those who helped build Hamilton over the years to do so.
Captain Hamilton died in the battle of Gate Pa in defence of the sovereignty and unity of New Zealand, as established by the Treaty of Waitangi and subsequent events, against a rebellion that was trying to destroy such sovereignty.
The statement on page 14 of the Report that Governor Grey “captured and kidnapped the elderly Ngati Toa rangatira,” Te Rauparaha, is highly emotive but incorrect. The true story is as follows:
Richard Deighton, a government interpreter, discovered a letter written by Te Rauparaha calling on the disaffected Upper Wanganui and inland tribes to join with chiefs Mamaku and Rangihaeta to raid Hutt Valley frontier posts. Deighton took the letter to Governor Grey in Wellington and it was decided to arrest Te Rauparaha for treason (plotting rebellion). This is not “kidnapping”. Thomas Lambert, author of “Pioneering Reminiscences of Old Wairoa” (New Plymouth, 1936) wrote on Page 293 of his book that, had Deighton not alerted Grey to Te Rauparaha’s intentions, the forces of Te Rauparaha, Rangihaeata, Mamaku and Maketu could have united to massacre occupants of the fledgling colony of Wellington and the Hutt Valley.
Furthermore, to describe Te Rauparaha merely as “the elderly Ngati Toa rangatira” is to tell only a fraction of the story for this “rangatira” was the most notorious cannibal in pre-1840 New Zealand.
On Page 16 O’Malley writes “Iwi such as Ngai Tahu were rendered virtually landless”. If that were true, then it would be by their own actions. By 1840 this group of a mere 2,000 people had sold two thirds of the four fifths of the South Island which was nominally theirs. However, most of these sales were overturned by Hobson’s Land Commission which looked into pre-1840 sales to see that they were fair. The tribe did not return the purchase price to the original buyers.
The chiefs then later sold their land again to the government in ten sales covering 37.366 million acres. The Kaiapoi natives thanked Governor Grey for the “fair payment” that they had received. (“One Treaty, One Nation, Wellington, 2015, Page 226) The 1896 census showed that Ngai Tahu were cultivating only 857.5 acres of their 45,000 acres – less than 2%. (Ibid, P. 231) Thus they were not using even the land that remained to them.
On Page 18 O’Malley makes the utterly false statement that the Maoris “had been explicitly promised the right to manage their own lands and affairs in the Treaty of Waitangi”. This was not explicitly promised and anyway it would be in violation of Article 1 of the Treaty which ceded sovereignty to the British Crown.
On Page 21 O’Malley writes, “Grey claimed he had been left with no choice but to launch such an invasion (that word again!), pointing to supposed evidence of an imminent Kingitanga attack on Auckland. Historians have been highly dismissive of these claims.” Not true.
The leading historian of the Maori wars, James Cowan, wrote in Volume I of his “The New Zealand Wars” that the half-caste government interpreter, James Fulloon, reported to the Government that the Kingite rebels planned to “execute a grand coup by attacking Auckland by night-time or early in the morning. The Hunua bush was to be the rendezvous of the main body, and a portion of the Kingite army was to cross the Manukau in canoes and approach Auckland by way of the Whau, on the west, while the Ngati-Paoa and other Hauraki coast tribes were to gather at Taupo, on the shore east of the Wairoa.
The date fixed for the attack was 1st September, 1861, when the town of Auckland was to be set on fire in various places by natives living there for that purpose; in the confusion the war-parties lying in wait were to rush into the capital by land and sea. Certain houses and persons were to be saved; th(os)e dwellings would be recognised by a white cross marked on the doors on the night for which the attack was fixed. With the exception of those selected in this latter-day Passover, the citizens of Auckland were to be slaughtered.” (pages 239-40)
Also on Page 21 Rewi Maniapoto is introduced as “a senior Ngati Maniapoto rangatira” What is missing is Rewi’s part in joining the 1860 rebellion in Taranaki against the wishes of the first Maori “king”, Te Wherowhero and the role of Ngati Maniapoto in driving the British out of the Waikato in 1863 against the wishes of Te Wherowhero’s successor, Tawhiao.
On Page 23 O’Malley continues his mischief by stating that at Rangiaowhia there occurred “the deliberate torching of a whare whose inhabitants were killed in the blaze”. The evidence for the burning of this whare is most uncertain and it appears that it accidentally caught on fore from another burning structure. The occupation of Rangiaowhia was for the purpose of capturing the rebels’ food supply, thus avoiding a direct attack on their fort at Paterangi which would have caused many deaths on both sides.
However, at one whare Sergeant McHale was shot dead at point blank range when he invited the inhabitants to surrender. Apart from the deaths of two Maoris, all subsequent deaths at Rangiaowhia arose from this shooting of McHale. In the words of Captain Wilson, who, unlike O’Malley, was present at the scene, “Our man (Sergeant McHale) was dead inside the hut [killed by a Maori] before the attack commenced” (One Who Was There, Brett’s Historical Series, from P. 3 of New Zealand – the Fair Colony, by Bruce Moon, P. 3)
Further down Page 23 O’Malley tries to establish that a large proportion of those killed in the battle of Orakau, which effectively ended the Kingite rebellion in the Waikato, were non-combatants (women and children). If they were “non-combatants”, what on earth were they doing in a fighting pa that had been specially constructed for making a last-ditch stand against very superior forces?
On Page 24 O’Malley describes the Pai Marire (Hau Hau) movement as “good and peaceful” when, in fact, it was a terrorist movement that carried out random murders and beheadings of such grotesqueness that other tribes quickly came round to fight on the side of the Crown in order to defeat these barbarous savages. The Pai Marire people beheaded Captain Lloyd and carried his head around the country, claiming that it could talk, and they murdered Rev. Volkner at his church at Opotiki on 2nd March, 1865, stripping him, hanging him and then spreading his corpse out on the ground and chopping off his head. “The natives then formed themselves into a line and prepared to taste the blood as it ran out of the head and body,” wrote Captain Levy of the “Eclipse” who was present. (GB Parliamentary Papers 1866 (3601) Colonial Secretary’s Office, Wellington, 21 March, 1865)
In the words of historian, James Cowan, this scene of horror “was of a character revolting beyond measure. It was as if a devil had entered into the people. Assuredly there was a demon before them in human form, at once terrifying and fascinating them by his sheer savagery. Kereopa, dressed in his victim’s long, black coat, stood in Volkner’s pulpit and placed the dripping head on the reading-desk in front of him; by its side he set the communion cup of blood….Gripping the head, he gouged out both eyes…he swallowed them one after the other. …Then the cannibal priest took up the communion chalice and drank its contents. He passed it to one of his flock, who put it to his lips and took a sip, and then it was passed from hand to hand among the congregation.” (The New Zealand Wars, Vol. II, Page76) To describe this violent and bloodthirsty movement as “good and peaceful” is deceitful on O’Malley’s part and suggests that he is unable to distinguish between right and wrong – a serious problem for a so-called “historian”.
Also on Page 24 in the last paragraph O’Malley states that over 3 million acres were confiscated under the New Zealand Settlements Act. What he fails to mention is that the government gave back to the tribes around half of the confiscated land, making an eventual confiscation of 1,610,618 acres. In failing to point this out O’Malley is guilty of either deception or shoddy research.
On Page 26 O’Malley writes “But a stumbling block remained the Crown’s unwillingness or inability to return the confiscated lands in full, rather than the small fraction of them that formed part of Grey’s offer.” The key issue was not land but sovereignty – whether a separate state should exist within a newly united nation. That was why the chiefs signed to Treaty of Waitangi – to obtain a single sovereignty over and above the ever squabbling and fighting tribes. Sovereignty had to be settled before confiscated lands could be handed back and this Tawhiao, the second Maori “king”, always refused, thus preventing the return of lands to the Waikato tribes. O’Malley ignores this key issue. This distorted story of the events leading up to the fighting, being the rebellion of some Maoris only, has become common in recent historical commentary. The false insistence that there was no rebellion flavours the whole narrative.
Many Waikato Maori refused a “king” and several great meetings in 1857 and 1858 failed to reach a consensus. Furthermore a majority of Maori across the country supported the peace and opposed the king movement. At the Kohimarama conference in 1860, the largest gathering of chiefs in New Zealand history, the more than 100 chiefs present unanimously affirmed their loyalty to Queen Victoria, their Sovereign.
Page 33 of this increasingly unreliable Report states further misinformation re Rangiaowhia that women, children and elderly men were sent there “as a place of safety and sanctuary for non-combatants”. Oh, really? Then why did the troops find “substantial quantities of arms” (NZ – the Fair Colony, Page 31) when they later searched the whares? In the words of Bruce Moon in his book, New Zealand – the Fair Colony (P. 24) “Far from being the haven of peace which these people [e.g. O’Malley] would have us believe, Rangiaowhia was the principal source of food for the rebels in their strong fort at Paterangi and therefore fully involved in the rebellion.”
O’Malley ends Page 33 by throwing in something that is in violation of all the historical records of the time; “And other unconfirmed estimates put the death toll at more than 100”. His reference for this? His own book. Nothing more. This appears to be nothing more than wishful thinking on his part and has no place in any half credible historical report that is being paid for partly by the ratepayers of Hamilton. It is at variance with all reports by all sides at the time – military, newspaper correspondents, missionaries, etc.
On Page 35 O’Malley returns to the battle of Orakau and calls this purpose built fighting pa a “sanctuary”.
At the top of Page 45 the Report gives a laudatory description of the village of Parihaka. However, another report (from the Taranaki Herald, 12 September, 1881) stated “The natives of Parihaka are in a deplorable state…..They are fearfully affected with vermin, which has been induced by the crowded state of the whares and the want of cleanliness. Parihaka is absolutely filthy for want of sanitary precautions”.
On this same page the Report again enters into the territory of speculation (as opposed to history) when it states that “Oral histories also record that multiple women were raped” [at Parihaka]. These unfounded allegations (and that is all they were) first appeared during the hearings of the 1927 Sim Commission, which looked into the Parihaka incident – 46 years after the event. The two who made the allegations were Te Whiti’s son, Noho Mairangi Te Whiti, who was only fourteen at the time of the Parihaka incident, plus a certain Rangi Matatoro Watene. They referred to the alleged perpetrators as “the soldiers” (no names, rank or further description) and were unable to state the number of alleged victims, their names, their ages, the dates on which the supposed acts occurred, the location(s), or the number of such offences.
In June, 2017, 136 years after the event, the Minister of Treaty Settlements, Christopher Finlayson, resurrected this unproven and unlikely allegation and used :”rapes committed by Crown troops” as a ground for paying $9 million to the descendants of the people of Parihaka. A concerned taxpayer, Mike Butler, sent Finlayson a request under the Official Information Act asking:
date(s) on which the alleged offences occurred
the specific location(s) where the alleged offences occurred – at Parihaka or elsewhere?
the number of such offences
names and descriptions of the alleged offenders
names and numbers of the alleged victims
ages of the alleged victims
the date(s) when the alleged offences were first reported.
Finlayson failed to answer any of these questions. There were reporters from the newspapers at Parihaka when the occupation occurred, there were strict orders to the soldiers not to consort with the inhabitants, and no such allegations were made at the time. Therefore, unproven rape allegations against both the weight of evidence and the traditions of the armed forces can best be regarded as untrue. So why did O’Malley include this in his Report? It seems to be nothing more than a further indication of his bias against British and colonial troops of the nineteenth century.
The smell of bias continues further down page 45 when the Report talks of Te Whiti and Tohu being “imprisoned without trial”. Technically correct but nevertheless misleading. On Page 124 of his book, Kinds of Peace; the Maori People After the Wars, 1870-85, Professor Keith Sinclair wrote of Te Whiti and Tohu’s confinement in the South Island as “being treated as gentlemen and not as convicts” while the New Zealand Mail wrote on 24 March, 1883, “Te Whiti states that he has no cause to complain of the treatment he received when he was in the South Island but on the contrary he was very hospitably entertained. He certainly does not look upon his forced residence in Nelson as an imprisonment or even as a banishment.”
In conclusion one has to wonder at the point of this Report. It seems to be part of an undemocratic process to impose on the people of Hamilton certain name changes that appear to have no other purpose than to further advance the domination of the area by the tribal elite of Tainui, a relatively small tribal grouping that represents a small percentage of the people of Hamilton. And not even all of these would support a name change as many part-Maoris seem to want to just get on with their lives like other New Zealanders and not to be tools of the tribal elite. To change the name of a major city, built largely by the sweat, toil and initiative of non-Maoris, as well as three of its main streets is a serious matter and SHOULD ONLY BE DONE BY REFERENDUM OF THE PEOPLE OF HAMILTON.
Why should Hamiltonians have the name of their city taken away from them by a passing council after several generations of building Hamilton into what it is to-day? This biased report by a biased historian is not an appropriate tool for anyone to use in trying to reach a decision re the name of Hamilton; it appears to be part of some underhand and undemocratic process for changing the name of the city and some of its streets by going behind the backs of the people of Hamilton.
The O’Malley Report.
Historical Report on Hamilton Street
and City Names
Dr Vincent O’Malley
Table of Contents
John Fane Charles Hamilton (1820-1864)……………………………………………………..4
Origins of the Name………………………………………………………………………………4
Biographical Information ………………………………………………………………………..5
Sir George Grey (1812-1898)…………………………………………………………………… 11
Origins of the Name……………………………………………………………………………. 11
Biographical Information ……………………………………………………………………… 11
Gustavus Ferdinand von Tempsky (1828-1868) …………………………………………… 28
Origins of the Name……………………………………………………………………………. 28
Biographical Information ……………………………………………………………………… 28
John Bryce (1833-1913)…………………………………………………………………………. 39
Origins of the Name……………………………………………………………………………. 39
Biographical Information ……………………………………………………………………… 39
This historical report has been commissioned by Hamilton City Council, in association
with Waikato Tainui, to assist the Mayor and council members to consider proposals
with regard to the renaming of Hamilton to Kirikiriroa and for Von Tempsky, Bryce and
Grey streets to also be renamed.
It does not discuss these proposals or take any view on the merits of them but instead
briefly examines the historical evidence concerning the naming of these streets and
the settlement, before providing historical portraits of the individuals after whom these
streets (and the city of Hamilton) are named, i.e. Gustavus Ferdinand von Tempsky,
John Bryce, Sir George Grey, and Captain John Fane Charles Hamilton.
These portraits draw upon a range of historical sources, primary and secondary,
including where available existing biographical information about the lives of these
individuals. It is not intended to provide an exhaustive account of their life stories. In
the case of George Grey, for example, multiple full-length biographies, each running
to hundreds of pages, have been published and his life and career extended over
multiple countries and continents. By contrast, John Fane Charles Hamilton was a
relatively minor historical figure and there remain gaps in what is known about his
story, even after locating his naval service records in Britain’s National Archives.
For the purposes of this report, connections with Hamilton and the broader Waikato
region are highlighted where possible, but not exclusively. Captain Hamilton famously
never visited the settlement that would come to be named after him, while John Bryce
was best known for his actions elsewhere. As governor, Grey ordered the invasion of
Waikato in 1863. But his life story is much bigger than that, as is that of von Tempsky,
one of the colonial soldiers who took part in the invasion.
John Fane Charles Hamilton (1820-1864)
Origins of the Name
The military settlement of Hamilton, established in August 1864 on the site of a Māori
kainga known as Kirikiriroa, was named in honour of Captain John Fane Charles
Hamilton, recently killed during the battle of Pukehinahina (Gate Pā) on 29 April of
that year. Evidence for this naming comes from an 1870 farewell dinner to LieutenantColonel William Moule, commander of the 4th Waikato Regiment at the time the new
settlement was established. Responding to a toast in his honour, Moule told the
it is now more than six years since he cleared a spot ‘mid the brown fern at
Kirikiriroa, upon which to pitch his tent. He had the honor of naming the
settlement after the late Captain Hamilton, of H.M.S. Esk, who died while
gallantly fighting for his country and the colonists of New Zealand, at the Gate
Moule’s statement was highlighted decades later, when claims were put forth that the
settlement had been named after Colonel Hamilton of the 12th Regiment (East
Suffolks).2 Historian P.J. Gibbon’s statement that Moule ‘[c]onsciously or
unconsciously’ must also have had in mind other Hamiltons is impossible to verify.3
What we do know is that Moule himself clearly stated that he had named the
settlement after Captain Hamilton and that other evidence confirms this fact.
1 New Zealand Herald, 15 April 1870, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18700415.2.30
2 Waikato Times, 24 July 1923, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WT19230724.2.89
3 P.J. Gibbons, Astride the River: A History of Hamilton, Hamilton: Hamilton City Council, 1977, p.35.
4 Waikato Times, 2 June 1922, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WT19220602.2.72.1
John Fane Charles Hamilton was born in Hildersham, Cambridgeshire, on 28
September 1820.5 His father was Colonel John Potter Hamilton and his mother
Charlotte Hamilton (nee Fane), the daughter of a long serving Oxford MP.6
John joined the navy at the age of 14 in August 1835. He saw active service in the
First Opium War (also known as the Anglo-Chinese War) of 1839-42, a series of
military engagements intended to force China to allow the importation of opium in
payment for tea and other Chinese goods exported to Britain. The war ended with the
signing of the Treaty of Nanking in 1842, the first of what are known as the Unequal
Treaties, which opened China up to further British trade and influence. Hamilton was
present at and took part in a number of actions during the war prior to the signing of
After serving for a time in the Lisbon and Portsmouth naval stations, in 1844 Hamilton
was promoted to the rank of lieutenant and posted to the South American station.8
However, he was court martialled for disobedience and contempt of orders in 1846
while serving on the sloop HMS Racer, and not restored to original seniority until
1848.9 The circumstances behind this court martial are not clear.
Between 1848 and 1851 he served on HMS Prince Regent, and between 1851 and
1854 on HMS Bellerophon. In 1854 he was further promoted to commander and took
part in the Crimean War of 1853-56 on HMS Leander.
‘John Fane Charles Hamilton (1820-1864)’, Tauranga Memories: Battles of Gate Pa and Te Ranga (1864),
‘A Naval Biographical Dictionary: Hamilton, John Fane Charles’,
‘A Naval Biographical Dictionary: Hamilton, John Fane Charles’,
8 Daily Southern Cross, 3 May 1864, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/DSC18640503.2.12
9 Admiralty: Officers’ Service Records: Hamilton, John F C, Captain, ADM 1961/543, National Archives,
10 Admiralty: Officers’ Service Records: Hamilton, John F C, Captain, ADM 1961/543, National Archives,
London; Admiralty: Officers’ Service Records: Hamilton, John F C, Captain, ADM 196/36/1422, National
In 1855 Hamilton married Laura Parry in Bicester, Oxfordshire. They had three
In 1856 Hamilton became commander of HMS Elk, which served at the East Indies
and China station, taking part in the Second Opium War against China (1856-60). In
December 1857 HMS Elk took part in the capture of Canton. In 1858 HMS Elk was
relocated to the Australia station.12 Hamilton was promoted to captain in February
1858 following his recent services in China and left the vessel at this time.
his movements between 1858 and 1863 are unclear, he probably returned to England.
On 22 May 1863 Hamilton was appointed captain of HMS Esk.
14 HMS Esk sailed from
Portsmouth on 20 May 1863 and docked in Auckland on 4 November 1863.15 Between
the ship’s departure from England and its arrival in New Zealand, war had broken out
when Crown forces, led by Lieutenant-General Duncan Cameron, the commander of
British forces in New Zealand, crossed the Mangatāwhiri River on 12 July 1863,
commencing the invasion of Waikato.
HMS Esk joined a Squadron of Royal Navy vessels deployed to New Zealand and was
soon after its arrival deployed as part of the Thames Expedition under Colonel George
Carey, the expeditionary force consisting of 44 officers, 922 men and other vessels,
including HMS Miranda, and the Sandfly.
16 Carey had received orders to construct a
line of fortifications between Hauraki and Waikato and sailed from Auckland on 16
November 1863. The expedition reached the Firth of Thames just under a week later
and commenced constructing a series of redoubts.17
11 11 ‘John Fane Charles Hamilton (1820-1864)’, Tauranga Memories: Battles of Gate Pa and Te Ranga (1864),
12 ‘Naval Database’, http://www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/E/01585.html
13 Daily Southern Cross, 10 November 1863,
14 Admiralty: Officers’ Service Records: Hamilton, John F C, Captain, ADM 1961/543, National Archives,
15 Gerald J. Elliot, ‘The Royal Navy in New Zealand: HMS Esk, 1863-1866’, http://ellottpostalhistorian.com/articles/HMS-ESK-In-NZ.pdf
16 Gerald J. Elliot, ‘The Royal Navy in New Zealand: HMS Esk, 1863-1866’, http://ellottpostalhistorian.com/articles/HMS-ESK-In-NZ.pdf
17 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
However, HMS Esk returned to Auckland on 25 November and on 8 December
Hamilton and a number of other officers and men left the vessel in order to participate
as naval brigade in the Waikato Flotilla, a naval force that took part in the Waikato
War and had recently (20-21 November 1863) played a prominent role in the attack
on Rangiriri.18 During his time in Auckland Hamilton attended the military funerals of
a number of officers killed in the Rangiriri action.19
Hamilton probably took part in the occupation of Ngāruawāhia soon after this, a royal
salute in recognition of the Queen’s flag flying over the settlement being performed
on 9 December 1863, before re-joining HMS Esk early in January 1864 (although his
service records do not describe his movements in any detail at this time).
newspaper report noted that a naval brigade led by Captain Hamilton had reached the
military camp at Drury on 8 December, marching that same day from Auckland. They
were to travel on to the Mangatāwhiri River the next day before shipping on the
colonial vessels the Pioneer and Avon for service in the Waikato.21 Waikato Māori had
been informed that Governor George Grey would come and talk peace terms with
them only after British troops were allowed to enter Ngāruawāhia unopposed and fly
the Union Jack there. These terms were complied with in full, Kīngitanga supporters
abandoning their settlement and taking down the Māori King’s flag. But Grey never
came to talk peace.22
A report late in January 1864 recorded that HMS Esk under Captain Hamilton was
about to set out for Tauranga from Auckland.
23 Instead, it travelled to the Firth of
Thames. By February 1864 Hamilton was described in HMS Esk’s log as taking an
18 ‘The Royal Navy in the Waikato Campaign 1863’, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy,
19 Daily Southern Cross, 30 November 1863,
20 Gerald J. Elliot, ‘The Royal Navy in New Zealand: HMS Esk, 1863-1866’, http://ellottpostalhistorian.com/articles/HMS-ESK-In-NZ.pdf
21 New Zealand Herald, 9 December 1863,
22 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
23 New Zealand Herald, 27 January 1864,
active part in Hauraki operations.24 Since the construction of the various forts in
December, a naval blockade had been imposed over the Hauraki district and Hamilton
was reported in April 1864 to have confiscated Māori goods for trade from one vessel
found to be carrying items worth more than the £100 maximum value that had been
stipulated.25 In the same month large numbers of Hauraki Māori agreed to take an
oath of allegiance to the Crown, citing the ‘uncompromising nature of the blockade’
against them as a factor in their decision.26
Back in Auckland, on 20 April 1864 HMS Esk and Captain Hamilton welcomed on board
a special passenger, Lieutenant-General Duncan Cameron. They sailed the same day,
reaching their destination at Tauranga the following day. In January 1864 Carey and
600 men had been landed at Tauranga, taking possession of the Te Papa peninsula
with the intention of cutting off a supply route for Kīngitanga fighters in the Waikato.27
Some Tauranga Māori began constructing pā in anticipation of an impending clash
with Crown forces in their area, convinced that the landing of Carey’s men signalled
hostile intentions. The arrival of Cameron, who took charge of a force of 1650 men,
moved matters closer to open conflict.
In this context, Tauranga Māori had begun fortifying a ridge about five kilometres
inland from the Te Papa mission station that Cameron and his officers had
commandeered as their headquarters. On 27 April 1864 Cameron reconnoitred the
position, known as Gate Pa (Pukehinahina) from a position about 1200 yards away.
He was unimpressed by what he saw and gave orders to direct a massive artillery
barrage against the pā from first light on 29 April 1864.28 With little sign of activity
from inside the pā, and convinced all inside might well be dead, by late afternoon that
same day he sent forth a storming party consisting of 150 soldiers from the 43rd
24 Gerald J. Elliot, ‘The Royal Navy in New Zealand: HMS Esk, 1863-1866’,
25 Daily Southern Cross, 20 April 1864,
26 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
27 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
28 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
Regiment and 150 sailors and marines from the Naval Brigade. Another 300-strong
party, consisting of members of the 43rd Regiment and Naval Brigade, including
Captain Hamilton, were to act as a reserve.
The British entered the pā with ease, encountering minimal resistance. Suddenly, a
tremendous but invisible fire was let loose upon them. The Gate Pā defenders were
firing from concealed positions beneath the feet of the storming party, inflicting
significant casualties. Panicked survivors turned and attempted to flee but were soon
mixed up with further reinforcements sent forward by Cameron. Matters quickly
became chaotic. In all, over one-third of the storming party ended up as casualties,
31 killed (10 of them officers) and 80 wounded. Māori losses are harder to gauge but
might have been between 19 and 32 killed and 25 wounded.30
Among the dead was Captain John Hamilton. A report published a few days later
described the circumstances of his death:
The General, who was in the advanced trench of his position, ordered up the
supports almost immediately after the storming party rushed the breach; and
the second division of blue-jackets and the gallant 43rd, led by Captain
Hamilton, of the ‘Esk’, advanced with a ringing cheer to the support of the
forlorn hope. They arrived at a critical moment; the storming party exposed to
a murderous fire on all sides, and from hidden assailants beneath, and without
an officer left to lead them, were wavering; part were outside the pa. Captain
Hamilton sprung upon the parapet, and shouting ‘follow me, men!’ dashed into
the fight. The moment was his last. He fell dead, pierced through the brain by
a bullet, and many of his officers shared the same fate.31
29 Buddy Mikaere and Cliff Simons, Victory at Gate Pā? The Battle of Pukehinahina-Gate Pa 1864, Auckland:
New Holland, 2018, p.100.
30 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
31 Daily Southern Cross, 3 May 1864,
Hamilton was subsequently buried at the Mission Cemetery in Tauranga. The final
entry in his naval service record notes that he was ‘killed after great heroism and
Captain John Hamilton is a minor figure in New Zealand history – to the extent that
he does not appear in either major New Zealand biographical dictionary (one edited
by G.H. Scholefield in 1940 and another multi-volume work published in the 1990s)
and he is chiefly remembered today for the city named after him. He was one of more
than 18,000 British officers and men who served in the New Zealand Wars of 1845-
72, actions that are no long widely seen in the straightforwardly heroic terms they
once were among some groups.
32 Admiralty: Officers’ Service Records: Hamilton, John F C, Captain, ADM 196/36/1422, National Archives,
Sir George Grey (1812-1898)
Origins of the Name
Grey Street, located in Hamilton East, was named in 1895 after former New Zealand
governor and politician Sir George Grey.33 It originally referred to the southern end of
the main street in Hamilton East, with the remainder, including what is now the main
commercial area, known as Heaphy Terrace.34 In 1910 both were named Grey Street,
with Heaphy Terrace confined to the area north of the railway line.35
George Grey was born in Lisbon, Portugal on 14 April 1812. His father, LieutenantColonel George Grey, had been killed in battle against Napoleon’s forces just eight
days earlier and it was said that overhearing news of his death had shocked his AngloIrish mother, Elizabeth Ann Vignoles, into premature labour.36 The young George
received his education in England and at the age of 14 enrolled as an officer cadet at
Sandhurst military college.37 Upon graduating in 1830, he was commissioned as an
ensign in the 83rd Regiment of Foot, serving for six years in Ireland.38
Grey returned to Sandhurst for further training and was promoted to lieutenant. But
conditions in Ireland appalled him and army life did not appeal. He proposed an
expedition to Western Australian in 1836, travelling there twice between 1837 and
33 ‘Kete Hamilton: Hamilton Streets: Grey Street’,
34 P.J. Gibbons, Astride the River: A History of Hamilton, Hamilton: Hamilton City Council, 1977, p.348.
35 ‘Kete Hamilton: Hamilton Streets: Grey Street’,
36 J. Rutherford, Sir George Grey, K.C. B., 1812-1898: A Study in Colonial Government, London: Cassell, 1961,
37 Edmund Bohan, To Be a Hero: A Biography of Sir George Grey, AucklandL HarperCollins, 1998, p.18.
38 Keith Sinclair, ‘Grey, George’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1g21/grey-george
1839. The expeditions were poorly planned and achieved little. During the first
expedition, Grey was speared by an Indigenous Australian, who he shot and killed.
In 1839 he was appointed as the temporary Resident Magistrate at Albany, in Western
Australia. He married Eliza Lucy Spencer in the same year. She was 16 years old and
more than 10 years younger than George at the time of their marriage.40 Their sole
child, a son born in 1841, died in infancy.41 George was said to have blamed Eliza and
the pair grew more distant.42
Grey forged his reputation as a dynamic and progressive young administrator with an
1840 memorandum for the British Colonial Office concerning the amalgamation of
indigenous peoples into settler society through education and the rapid extension of
the rule of law into their communities.
43 He returned to England in the same year but
was soon offered the governorship of South Australia, resigning from the army in order
to take up the post the following year. The South Australian colony was struggling
financially and Grey oversaw sweeping cuts in public expenditure. He became deeply
unpopular as the results of these retrenchments began to be felt, but by the end of
his governorship in 1845 South Australia was in a more prosperous situation. However,
his efforts to prevent settler attacks on indigenous communities, and to promote his
assimilationist policies, met with limited success.44
In 1845 Grey was appointed governor of New Zealand, arriving in Auckland in
November of that year to take up the position. At the time of his arrival, the colony
was in a state of financial crisis, war had broken out in the north of the country and
unresolved tensions in central New Zealand stemming from disputes over New Zealand
Company land purchases were threatening to also spill over into open conflict. Grey
39 J. Rutherford, Sir George Grey, K.C. B., 1812-1898: A Study in Colonial Government, London: Cassell, 1961,
40 Edmund Bohan, To Be A Hero: A Biography of Sir George Grey, Auckland: HarperCollins, 1998, p.42.
41 Keith Sinclair, ‘Grey, George’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1g21/grey-george
42 James Belich, ‘Sir George Grey’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,
43 Enclosure in Grey to Lord John Russell, 4 June 1840, Great Britain Parliamentary Papers, 1841 (311), p.44.
44 Keith Sinclair, ‘Grey, George’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1g21/grey-george
was provided with substantially more military and financial resources than his
predecessor, Robert FitzRoy, and immediately set out to impose Crown authority over
The new governor’s first objective was to bring the Northern War to a rapid and
decisive end. To this end, the rangatira Hone Heke and Kawiti were given just five
days to comply with a Crown ultimatum previously issued by his predecessor or suffer
the consequences. Following expiry of the deadline on 5 December 1845, Grey issued
orders for Kawiti’s new pā at Ruapekapeka to be attacked and its defenders crushed.46
The subsequent attack on Ruapekapeka in January 1846, for which Grey was
personally present, claimed the lives of 12 British soldiers and sailors and an unknown
but probably greater number of Māori defenders.47 Only a small number of Māori had
been inside the pā at the time of its capture, but Grey nevertheless proclaimed the
battle as a ‘brilliant success’ that had resulted in ‘severe defeat and punishment’ for
Kawiti’s forces.48 The Northern War and its aftermath would have severe
consequences for Ngāpuhi, whose previous trade and commerce was badly damaged
and never returned to pre-war levels.49
Grey next turned his attention to central New Zealand. There, at Wairau in June 1843,
Ngāti Toa rangatira Te Rauparaha and Te Rangihaeata had sought to resist the illegal
survey and occupation by the New Zealand Company of lands to which Māori laid
claim. The resulting clash left 22 Pākehā and 4 Māori dead. Following the incident,
incoming governor, Robert FitzRoy, concluded after investigation that the settlers had
been responsible for what happened, as a result of their efforts to claim lands to which
45 Keith Sinclair, ‘Grey, George’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1g21/grey-george
46 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aoteaoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
47 ‘The Northern War – Ruapekapeka’, https://nzhistory.govt.nz/war/northern-war/ruapekapeka
48 Vincent O’Malley, ‘“The Natives Here Rule” – Northland After 1846’, in Brad Patterson, Richard S. Hill and
Kathryn Patterson (eds), After the Treaty: The Settler State, Race Relations and the Exercise of Power in Colonial
New Zealand, Wellington: Steele Roberts, 2016, p.205.
49 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aoteaoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
they had no legal title.50 Grey, though, later reversed this finding, at the same time
vowing to impose Crown authority over the Cook Strait region.51
In the Wellington region, a similar scenario was unfolding, with the Company claiming
lands in the Hutt Valley that their Māori owners and occupiers insisted had never been
sold. Grey arrived in Wellington in February 1846 and ordered troops to take
possession of the disputed area. Māori offered to leave provided they received
compensation for their property. Grey refused to negotiate, instead declaring martial
law over the Wellington region on 3 March.52 Fighting followed at Boulcott’s Farm on
16 May 1846 and at Battle Hill (Horokiri) between 6-13 August. But Te Rangihaeata
evaded capture, eventually making his way to the Manawatū.
Meanwhile, Te Rauparaha, who had taken no part in the fighting, was accused by
Grey of secretly aiding his kin. In June 1846 Grey captured and kidnapped the elderly
Ngāti Toa rangatira, taking him to Auckland and holding him without trial until Te
Rauparaha was eventually permitted to return home in 1848. Grey’s actions, intended
to eliminate or neutralise perceived threats to his own authority in the Cook Strait
region, were widely applauded by settlers. But his actions against one of the most
senior rangatira in the land shocked many Māori. Exploiting Te Rauparaha’s absence,
in 1847 Grey pushed through the purchase of lands at Wairau and Porirua, demanding
these in part as utu for the Pākehā slain at Wairau in 1843.53
Grey revealed a ruthless streak in other ways during the Wellington campaign. A group
of Whanganui Māori captured at Pāuatahanui in August 1846 were transported to Van
Diemen’s Land (Tasmania), where one of their number, Hohepa Te Umuroa,
contracted tuberculosis and died in captivity in July 1847. Another man, Te Whareaitu,
was hanged for ‘rebellion’ at Paremata barracks in September 1846. There was no
50 Minutes of the Proceedings at Waikanae, 12 February 1844, GBPP, 1845 (131), p.32.
51 Waitangi Tribunal, Te Tau Ihu o Te Waka a Maui: Report on Northern South Island Claims, Wellington:
Legislation Direct, 2008, vol. 1, chapter 5.
52 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aoteaoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
53 Waitangi Tribunal, Te Tau Ihu o Te Waka a Maui: Report on Northern South Island Claims, Wellington:
Legislation Direct, 2008, vol. 1, chapter 5.
evidence he had killed anyone but Grey was determined to stamp his authority by
making an example of the unfortunate Te Whareaitu.54
Many of the Māori who had taken up arms against the Crown at Wellington came from
Whanganui, and in July 1846 Grey extended martial law over the district, presaging
the spread of fighting to the region. Troops were stationed at Whanganui in December
and the following April a young naval officer accidentally shot and wounded a local
rangatira. In response, a group of young Māori males attacked and killed several
members of a settler family chosen at random. Five of the six perpetrators of this act
(all aged between 12 and 18) were quickly captured, and all but the youngest executed
soon after. Crown forces clashed with Whanganui Māori at St John’s Wood in July
1847, and some other skirmishing took place, but the fighting soon ended.55
A long period of peace and prosperity followed, not just at Whanganui, but across the
country. It was aided in large part by Grey’s efforts to cultivate relationships with
important rangatira and their communities – what critics dubbed his ‘flour and sugar’
policy – that involved annuities to prominent chiefs, the construction of schools and
hospitals (open to all but specifically targeted at Māori), loans to Māori for the
purchase of flour mills, agricultural equipment and other items.56
Grey also refused to implement instructions received from the British government that
effectively required him to confiscate all areas deemed to be ‘wastelands’ owned by
Māori. Any attempt to implement such a policy would be fiercely resisted, Grey warned
the Colonial Office, whereas many Māori communities would ‘cheerfully’ agree to sell
any lands not required for their own subsistence at ‘trifling’ prices provided the Crown
monopoly on land purchases was strictly enforced. They would do so, Grey explained,
convinced that the ‘real payment’ for their lands came through all of the benefits they
received from entering into such a deal: the enhanced value of their reserves and new
54 Ian Wards, The Shadow of the Land: A Study of British Policy and Racial Conflict in New Zealand, 1832-1852,
Wellington: Government Printer, 1968, pp.296-297.
55 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aoteaoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
56 Alan Ward, A Show of Justice: Racial ‘Amalgamation’ in Nineteenth Century New Zealand, Auckland:
Auckland University Press/Oxford Univeristy Press, 1974, pp.86-87.
markets for their produce because of the influx of settlers; the provision of
infrastructure such as roads; and more specific benefits such as schools and hospitals
that were regularly promised as part of Crown negotiations.57
These policies heralded the start of a period of large-scale Crown purchasing that saw
more than 99% of the South Island and around 20% of the North Island acquired by
1865, typically at a fraction of the price at which these lands were then resold to
Pākehā and often with only the barest of reserves.58 Iwi such as Ngāi Tahu were
rendered virtually landless as settlers took up occupation of the purchased lands and
the promised ‘real payment’ failed to materialise. They and other iwi would spend the
next 150 years seeking redress for the very real harm incurred by their people as a
result of the Crown’s failure to uphold its end of the bargain.
Grey departed New Zealand at the end of 1853 with the colony’s finances back in the
black and peace restored across the country. In Britain, he had developed a reputation
as a progressive, dynamic and humanitarian young colonial administrator. But
problems loomed on the horizon. Pākehā had lobbied strongly for self-government –
the right to manage their own affairs – and in 1846 the British Parliament passed a
new constitution that provided for an elected House of Representatives in New
Zealand. But because the right to vote was based on an English-language literacy test
at a time when most Māori could read and write only in their own language, the effect
of the new constitution was to deny all but a very small number of Māori men the
right to participate in this new forum. Grey warned that any attempt to impose this
new constitution over the colony would be resisted ‘to the utmost’ by Māori and
successfully argued for the measure to be shelved.60
57 Grey to Earl Grey, 15 May 1848, GBPP, 1849 , pp.22-26; Vincent O’Malley, Beyond the Imperial
Frontier: The Contest for Colonial New Zealand, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books, 2014, p.51.
58 Vincent O’Malley, Beyond the Imperial Frontier: The Contest for Colonial New Zealand, Wellington: Bridget
Williams Books, 2014, pp.51-52.
59 Waitangi Tribunal, The Ngai Tahu Report 1991, 3 vols, Wellington: Brooker & Friend, 1991.
60 Grey to Earl Grey, 3 May 1847, GBPP, 1847-48 , p.42; Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New
Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books, 2016, p.62.
In 1852 the British Parliament passed a further New Zealand Constitution Act providing
for elected general and provincial assemblies. This time there was no English literacy
test. Instead, the right to vote (restricted to men over the age of 21) was based on
property ownership determined according to European forms of land tenure. Since
most Māori held their lands under customary title, the effect was the same: most Māori
men were excluded from participating. A safeguard was included in the new measure
known as section 71. It provided for self-governing ‘native districts’ to be declared
under the mantle of the governor, in effect giving legal status to the existing situation
in many districts outside the European townships, where iwi continued to manage
their own affairs much as they always had.61
The problem was that successive governors, including Grey, refused to implement
section 71, considering (in Grey’s words) that it would be ‘better not to require our
Courts in any way to recognize the barbarous customs of the native race’ and to
instead work towards extending the reach of English laws within Māori districts.62 And
so when the General Assembly met for the first time in Auckland in 1854 it was
composed solely of Pākehā men, and its members had been elected almost entirely
by the same group: when a few dozen Māori managed to meet the property
qualification a few years later, there was an outcry among settlers.63 The new
Parliament became a vocal lobby group for Pākehā interests, and overwhelmingly
hostile towards Māori, at a time when the latter still constituted a majority of the
population (at least until 1858).
Grey had been instructed to stay in New Zealand long enough to oversee the
introduction of the new constitution. But he could see what lay ahead and left before
doing so.64 When he returned more than eight years later, the state of things had
changed considerably. Rangatira who felt keenly their exclusion from the mechanisms
61 Alan Ward, A Show of Justice: Racial ‘Amalgamation’ in Nineteenth Century New Zealand, Auckland:
Auckland University Press/Oxford Univeristy Press, 1974, pp.90-91.
62 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
63 B.J. Dalton, War and Politics in New Zealand, 1855-1870, Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1967, p.80.
64 W.P. Morrell, British Colonial Policy on the Mid-Victorian Age: South Africa, New Zealand, The West Indies,
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969, pp.202-203.
of governance established under the 1852 constitution looked to form their own bodies
in an effort to better manage their own affairs but found themselves accused of
defying Queen Victoria’s authority as a result. Given they had been explicitly promised
the right to mange their own lands and affairs in the Treaty of Waitangi, many Māori
found such a response baffling.
Grey had meanwhile been appointed governor of Cape Colony in what is now part of
modern South Africa. There Grey pursued an uncompromising military approach
towards the Xhosa people, backed by land confiscations, a scheme of military
settlements that he later claimed was the basis for the New Zealand Settlements Act,
and various attempts to extend British rule over them. A cattle-killing cult that resulted
in more than 40,000 Xhosa dying of starvation was viewed by Grey as a timely
opportunity to extend his authority over them. But his plan to attract as many as 8000
German military settlers and their families to the region failed disastrously, generating
huge financial losses for the British.65
Meanwhile, Grey kept a keen eye on events in New Zealand, where his successor,
Thomas Gore Browne, had forced through the purchase of lands at Waitara with only
minority support from the owners, precipitating the outbreak of the first Taranaki War
in March 1860. Grey privately condemned the Waitara purchase as unjust and offered
to return to New Zealand to resolve the crisis. Dissatisfied with Browne’s handling of
the situation, the Colonial Office eventually agreed. Grey arrived in Auckland in
September 1861 for his second term as New Zealand governor. One historian has
suggested that Grey was ‘not the best, but the worst possible Governor to have sent
back to New Zealand in 1861’.66 Grey was a natural autocrat, unaccustomed to sharing
power with anyone and matters in New Zealand had changed considerably since his
first governorship ended.
65 Vincent O’Malley, Beyond the Imperial Frontier: The Contest for Colonial New Zealand, Wellington: Bridget
Williams Books, 2014, pp.139-141.
66 Alan Ward, ‘The Origins of the Anglo-Maori Wars: A Reconsideration’, New Zealand Journal of History, 1, 2
For one thing, the Kīngitanga (Māori King movement) had been established, with
Potatau Te Wherowhero raised up as the first king in 1858. Browne viewed the
Kīngitanga as a threat to the Crown’s authority and began preparations to invade its
heartland in the Waikato district in 1861, deeming the assistance large numbers of
Waikato and Ngāti Maniapoto fighters had rendered Te Ātiawa during the first Taranaki
War to be acts of ‘rebellion’.67
It was only news of Browne’s imminent replacement by Grey that saw an invasion of
Waikato timed for September 1861 called off. Grey quickly concluded that ‘no
adequate preparation’ had been made for a military confrontation with the
Kīngitanga.68 One of his earliest decisions was to order the construction of the Great
South Road between Auckland and Waikato. Work on the road began in December
1861 and was completed in March 1863, enabling troops to march overland to
Waikato. At the same time, he successfully lobbied for further military reinforcements
to be sent to New Zealand and oversaw the construction of armed steamers that could
be used to patrol and control the Waikato River.69
Waikato Māori expressed alarm at these developments; but far from offering
reassurance, Grey was threatening and aggressive, telling Waikato Māori in a
December 1861 meeting that the Kīngitanga should be stopped and would be as a
result of his planned scheme of ‘New Institutions’.70 The governor’s planned rūnanga
system was in this way immediately framed as something that had been devised with
a view to undermining the Kīngitanga and that was further reinforced when he later
refused to contemplate proposals that would have allowed the Māori King a role in
approving measures passed by the official rūnanga to be established. Grey’s approach
appeared to confirm the worst fears of Kīngitanga supporters and the rūnanga scheme
67 Vincent O’Malley, Beyond the Imperial Frontier: The Contest for Colonial New Zealand, Wellington: Bridget
Williams Books, 2014, p.112.
68 Grey to Newcastle, 30 November 1861, AJHR, 1862, E-1, Sec.II, pp.33-34.
69 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
70 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
was dismissed as little more than a ruse intended to undermine support for the King
Grey’s marriage was an unhappy one and during a voyage to South Africa in 1860 he
accused Eliza of infidelity. The pair separated and did not see one another again for
decades. By 1862 observers were worried about Grey’s mental and physical health.
The hectoring and aggressive tone of many of his official communications also came
to greatly frustrate the British government, which often found his reports on the state
of affairs in New Zealand contradicted by separate despatches from LieutenantGeneral Duncan Cameron forwarded to the War Office in London.72
Shortly after his arrival in New Zealand in September 1861, Grey privately told his
outgoing predecessor, Thomas Gore Browne, that he wanted ‘an excuse to take the
Waikato’.73 Harriet Browne later wrote of Grey that ‘I heard him with my own ears tell
Col Browne he hoped the natives would not submit as it would be much better for
both races that they should be conquered’.74 Observing the Crown’s military
preparations, some Waikato Māori also became convinced that an invasion was being
In January 1863 Grey made an unscheduled and unannounced visit to the Māori King’s
headquarters at Ngāruawāhia. Grey himself later claimed to have made generous
offers to those assembled that would have secured peace if agreed to, but historians
have noted the absence of any credible evidence to support the governor’s claims.75
Waikato Māori remembered the encounter differently. Grey, it was said, had declared
that he would not fight against the Māori King with the sword, ‘but I shall dig round
71 Alan Ward, A Show of Justice: Racial ‘Amalgamation’ in Nineteenth Century New Zealand, Auckland:
Auckland University Press/Oxford Univeristy Press, 1974, pp.132-133.
72 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
73 John Gorst, The Maori King or The Story of Our Quarrel with the Natives of New Zealand, London: Macmillan,
1864, p.203 [annotated by Thomas Gore Browne], MS-0860, Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington; Vincent
O’Malley, Beyond the Imperial Frontier: The Contest for Colonial New Zealand, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2014, p.116.
74 H.G. Browne to C.W. Richmond, 10 January 1862, in Guy H. Scholefield (ed.), The Richmond-Atkinson
Papers, Wellington: Government Printer, 1960, vol. 1, p.741.
75 Alan Ward, A Show of Justice: Racial ‘Amalgamation’ in Nineteenth Century New Zealand, Auckland:
Auckland University Press/Oxford Univeristy Press, 1974, p.157.
him till he falls of his own accord’.76 That statement was said to have left a profound
impression on the tribes, now aware of the governor’s overriding obsession with
toppling the Māori King.
Fighting resumed in Taranaki in 1863. In April of that year British troops took forcible
possession of lands at Tataraimaka that had been held by Māori as an equivalent for
the disputed Waitara block. Following an investigation, the following month Grey
announced that Waitara would be returned to its customary owners. But in the interim
a party of British troops had been ambushed at Ōakura and nine of their number killed.
Meanwhile, in the Waikato, Civil Commissioner John Gorst had been evicted from his
post at Te Awamutu after a series of inflammatory articles directed against the
Kīngitanga. A planned government courthouse at Te Kohekohe, inside the King’s
boundary, that was secretly intended to double as a military post, was also a flashpoint
At a meeting with ministers on 24 June 1863 Grey formalised plans for an imminent
invasion of Waikato that involved clearing out all ‘hostile Natives’, confiscating their
lands and establishing military posts on them stretching across the island. Any
remaining lands would be sold to defray the costs of the war.78 Grey claimed he had
been left with no choice but to launch such an invasion, pointing to supposed evidence
of an imminent Kīngitanga attack on Auckland. Historians have been highly dismissive
of these claims.79 Rewi Maniapoto, a senior Ngāti Maniapoto rangatira and the
supposed ringleader of the assault on Auckland (the main market for Waikato Māori
produce) was returning from a tangi at Taupō when he learned that British troops had
76 John Gorst, The Maori King, or The Story of Our Quarrel with the Natives of New Zealand, London: Macmillan
and co., 1864, p.324.
77 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
78 Domett to Grey, 24 June 1863, AJHR, 1863, E-7, pp.8-9.
79 B.J. Dalton, War and Politics in New Zealand, 1855-1870, Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1967, p.176.
80 Renata Tamakihikurangi and others to Featherston, 19 October 1863, AJHR, E-11, p.4.
The war that followed was to have devastating consequences for Waikato Māori and
it was Grey who bore direct responsibility for the decision to invade.81 In November
1863 Rangiriri pā was taken by Crown forces in highly controversial circumstances
after a white flag of truce was flown from inside the pā. The Kīngitanga defenders
insisted they had not intended to surrender; but after heavy losses suffered by both
sides, Cameron took the opportunity to enter the pā and take more than 180 men
prisoner. Following the battle, Kīngitanga representatives reiterated their desire for
peace. Cameron informed them in response that he was not authorised to bring the
war to an end. They would have to await the arrival of Governor Grey, who would
only come to talk peace provided British forces were allowed to enter the Māori King’s
headquarters at Ngāruawāhia unopposed.82
Cameron and his troops entered the deserted settlement of Ngāruawāhia on 8
December 1863, hoisting a Union Jack on a flagstaff that had until days before flown
the King’s flag. Peace was within grasp. Except that Grey never came. He had not yet
achieved the kind of crushing and decisive victory that was thought necessary in order
to destroy the Kīngitanga. And meanwhile ministers had their eyes on the rich and
fertile lands south of Ngāruawāhia. The war was to be pushed further south.83
The main body of troops advanced up the Waipā Valley towards Rangiaowhia and Te
Awamutu early in 1864. But a considerable obstacle remained in their way at
Pāterangi, where perhaps the most impressive chain of Māori fortifications ever
constructed blocked their further passage south. Cameron decided against attempting
to storm Pāterangi. Instead, at 11pm on 20 February 1864 a column of 1230 British
troops and their colonial allies marched silently and in single file around the perimeter
of the Pāterangi defences. Shortly before dawn the following morning, the troops
81 B.J. Dalton, War and Politics in New Zealand, 1855-1870, Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1967, p.178.
82 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
83 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
reached the near deserted settlement of Te Awamutu. Cameron decided to
immediately push on to Rangiaowhia.
What followed at Rangiaowhia in the early hours of Sunday 21 February 1864 –
including the deliberate torching of a whare whose inhabitants were killed in the blaze
– proved a source of great and enduring pain and bitterness for many Māori.
Rangiaowhia was not a fighting pā but an open village that was intended as a place
of sanctuary for women, children and elderly men. Following Rangiriri in November,
the Kīngitanga had been criticised for bringing women and children into a fighting pā
and advised to send them away to a place of safety. Bishop George Selwyn,
accompanying the Crown forces as official chaplain, was told nine days before the
February attack that Rangiaowhia had been designated such a place and was asked
to consult with Cameron and ensure that the people there would not be harmed.
Instead, Crown forces targeted the settlement.85
Grey was not present for the attack on Rangiaowhia or the final battle of the Waikato
War at Ōrākau between 31 March and 2 April 1864, when as many as half of the 300
Māori inside the pā were killed, most during a bloody pursuit when attempting to flee
for their lives on foot on the final day. Among those killed were many women, including
at least one wounded female prisoner. Another women, Ahumai Te Paerata, was shot
and wounded four times but managed to survive. An unknown number of children
were also killed. Following the attack on Rangiaowhia, women and children had likely
been brought into the pā for their own protection. The Waitangi Tribunal concluded
that ‘non-combatants were massacred by Crown forces’ at both Rangiaowhia and
Ōrākau.86 Historian James Belich also concluded that the disproportionately large
number of Māori killed at Ōrākau compared with those wounded, ‘suggests that the
Orakau pursuit involved a large-scale massacre of wounded non-combatants’.87
84 James Belich, The New Zealand Wars and the Victorian Interpretation of Racial Conflict, Auckland: Auckland
University Press, 1986, p.163.
85 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
86 Waitangi Tribunal, Te Mana Whatu Ahuru: Report on Te Rohe Pōtae Claims (Pre-Publication Version),
Wellington: Waitangi Tribunal, 2018, p.528.
87 James Belich, The New Zealand Wars and the Victorian Interpretation of Racial Conflict, Auckland: Auckland
University Press, 1986, p.173.
Notwithstanding that Grey was not personally present during these attacks, given his
decisive role in ordering the invasion of Waikato he bore a large share of responsibility
for what occurred.
And Ōrākau did not mark the end of fighting. There was renewed warfare at Taranaki
and further conflicts in the Bay of Plenty, the East Coast and elsewhere across the
central North Island, much of it targeted against supporters of the Pai Mārire (good
and peaceful) religion founded by Taranaki prophet Te Ua Haumene, and later (after
Grey’s governorship had ended) against Titokowaru in the west and Te Kooti in the
east. Grey had been present for the engagement at Ruapekapeka in January 1846
and took to the field again in July 1865 when he personally led a group of colonial
soldiers and their Māori allies in storming a near empty pā at Weraroa in Taranaki.
Grey had become embroiled in a bitter dispute with Duncan Cameron, the commander
of British forces in New Zealand, who had become increasingly disillusioned with the
war, viewing it as an inglorious land grab fought for the exclusive benefit of New
Zealand settlers and they clashed again after Weraroa, with Grey falsely claiming that
Cameron had refused to make any troops available for the attack.88
After 1866 Imperial troops took no further part in the fighting and colonial ministers
assumed greater responsibility for the conduct of the war. However, Grey dragged out
and delayed sending British troops back, prolonging their stay in New Zealand.89 Prior
to then, Grey had also sparred with ministers over the extent of lands to be
confiscated, eventually agreeing to measures that saw over 3 million acres taken at
Waikato, Taranaki, the Bay of Plenty and elsewhere, under the New Zealand
Settlements Act and related legislation. Grey had originally claimed to be the architect
of the confiscation policy, but later sought to distance himself from it, seeking to
preserve some of his earlier reputation as a progressive and enlightened administrator
in the face of stern opposition to the policy from the Aborigines Protection Society and
88 B.J. Dalton, War and Politics in New Zealand, 1855-1870, Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1967, pp.231-
89 Keith Sinclair, ‘Grey, George’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1g21/grey-george
other missionary and humanitarian groups.90 However, his protestations of innocence
A related dispute between Grey and his ministers concerned the fate of the Rangiriri
prisoners. Initially taken to Auckland and held captive on a hulk moored in the Hauraki
Gulf, before being transferred to Grey’s personal estate on Kawau Island, the prisoners
escaped from the island in September 1864 and eventually made their way back to
Waikato. However, others had died during their captivity.91
In 1866 the Colonial Office was alerted to allegations of atrocities committed by British
troops and their allies during General Trevor Chute’s January 1866 Taranaki campaign.
Confronted with the allegations (including, among other things, that Chute –
Cameron’s replacement as commanding officer – had issued orders for no prisoners
to be taken), Grey reacted indignantly, describing the statements as a ‘base and
wicked calumny’ and leaking the confidential despatch to his ministers.92 The British
government was fast losing patience with Grey and in 1868 his tenure as governor
was terminated. Although still relatively young, he would never again be offered a
Grey instead returned to Britain where he tried but failed to get elected as a Liberal
member of the House of Commons. In 1870 he returned to his home on Kawau Island
and an early retirement, before being drawn into colonial politics in 1874 at the head
of a movement opposing the abolition of provincial government. In 1875 he was
elected Auckland Provincial Superintendent and in the same year entered the General
Assembly as MP for Auckland City West.93 Although the provincial government system
was abolished in 1877, Grey’s own political fortunes were on the rise and in October
90 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
91 ‘Memoranda and Reports Relative to the Maori Prisoners’, AJHR, 1864, E-1, Part II.
92 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aoteaoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
93 Keith Sinclair, ‘Grey, George’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1g21/grey-george
of the same year he became Premier (now called Prime Minister) of an administration
that included a mix of liberals, radicals and some conservatives.94
During his time as Premier, hopes were high that Grey would be able to broker a peace
settlement with the Kīngitanga. He attended a number of important hui and at times
it appeared that an agreement might be close. But a stumbling block remained the
Crown’s unwillingness or inability to return the confiscated lands in full, rather than
the small fraction of them that formed part of Grey’s offer.95
In October 1879 Grey’s administration fell when several MPs defected. During his time
as Premier he had championed a number of radical causes, including universal
manhood suffrage. He remained in Parliament until 1895, continuing to advocate for
a number of sweeping changes to the status quo, including an elected rather than
appointed upper chamber and governors, and was ‘seen by some as the grand old
man of New Zealand politics, by others as a dangerous eccentric staying long beyond
Elected to Parliament again in 1893, he left New Zealand for the final time the
following year. Back in England he was granted an audience with Queen Victoria and
reconciled with Eliza. He died in London on 19 September 1898 and was buried in St
Besides his political life, Grey was also an avid collector, amateur ethnographer and
botanist. He donated a substantial collection of rare manuscripts and books to the
Auckland Public Library and his lavish mansion, along with some of the exotic flora
and fauna he introduced, can still be seen on Kawau Island today.
94 Keith Sinclair, ‘Grey, George’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1g21/grey-george
95 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
96 James Belich, ‘Sir George Grey’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,
97 Keith Sinclair, ‘Grey, George’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1g21/grey-george
98 James Belich, ‘Sir George Grey’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,
Sir George Grey was a dominant and domineering figure in New Zealand history. A
‘brilliant and effective servant of British imperialism’,99 Grey was also frequently
ruthless, manipulative and deceitful. Long remembered (by Pākehā at least) as ‘Good
Governor Grey’, his reputation has undergone something of a battering in recent
decades as his role in ordering the invasion of Waikato, among other actions, have
been subjected to more critical investigation and analysis.
99 James Belich, ‘Sir George Grey’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,
Gustavus Ferdinand von Tempsky (1828-1868)
Origins of the Name
Von Tempsky Street, located in Hamilton East, was named after the Prussian-born
soldier adventurer and artist Gustavus Ferdinand von Tempsky.100 Hamilton Borough
Council resolved in 1906 to name the street that ran between Hamilton East school
and Bridge Street ‘in honour of the hero of the Waikato War’, according to an account
published in the Waikato Times.
Gustavus Ferdinand von Tempsky was born in East Prussia on 15 February 1828.102
He came from a prominent military family and attended cadet school in Berlin in
preparation for his own expected career as a military officer. On graduating, von
Tempsky joined his father’s regiment in 1845. He lasted only nine months in the
Prussian Army, travelling to Mosquito Coast, in Central America, where a Prussian
settlement was planned.103
There, von Tempsky had his first experience of military action, when the settlement
came under attack from Nicaraguan forces, serving as an officer in the local militia. It
was in the Mosquito Kingdom also that he first met Emilia Ross Bell, his future wife.104
100 ‘Kete Hamilton: Hamilton Streets: Von Tempsky Street’,
101 Waikato Times, 22 September 1906,
https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WT19060922.2.20 ; Hamilton Borough Council minutes, 21
102 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
103 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
104 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
After hearing of the Californian goldrush, von Tempsky travelled there in 1850,
spending his next three years trying and failing to make a fortune. He returned to
central America, marrying Emilia Bell at the British Bluefields settlement in 1855. They
had three children together. After returning to Europe briefly, von Tempsky and his
family moved to Australia in 1858, where he tried digging gold in Victoria and dabbled
in other jobs.105
In 1862 von Tempsky crossed the Tasman, spending the next year attempting to work
the Coromandel goldfields. Although that again proved unprofitable, he did secure a
position as the local correspondent for the Daily Southern Cross newspaper.106 When
the Waikato War began in July 1863, von Tempsky sought to put together a volunteer
unit from among the goldminers. But his efforts were rebuffed, partly it seems because
of his German nationality. Von Tempsky instead reported on the early phases of the
war and befriended William Jackson, a member of the Papakura Valley Rifle
In August 1863 Jackson was appointed as the commander of a new and elite volunteer
unit, known as the Forest Rangers, which was intended to specialise in irregular
warfare such as bush fighting.108 Von Tempsky was invited to join the Forest Rangers
on an early expedition into the Hunua Range. Impressed by von Tempsky’s skills,
Jackson suggested that he apply for a commission in the unit. Von Tempsky was
appointed ensign in the Forest Rangers, conditional on becoming a naturalised British
subject, which was granted on 24 August 1863.109
105 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
106 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
107 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.9.
108 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.10.
109 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
Von Tempsky, along with Thomas McDonnell, later volunteered to scout the area
around Paparata in October 1863.110 Both men were able to supply valuable
information to the commander of the British forces in New Zealand, LieutenantGeneral Duncan Cameron, about the strength of Māori defences.111
In recognition of their efforts, both men were promoted. Von Tempsky was made
captain, effective from 10 November 1863, and the Forest Rangers were reconstituted
at the same time into two separate companies. Von Tempsky took control of the No.
2 Company, but with Jackson (still in command of the No.1 Company) having overall
command by dint of his seniority.112
On Sunday 13 December 1863, Jackson’s company attacked a camp of Māori men,
women and children at Paparata, killing at least seven of them. The Māori party were
reportedly at prayer at the time and Jackson’s men were soon accused of ‘cold-blooded
murder’ in the Daily Southern Cross newspaper.113 Von Tempsky and his men did not
take part in the attack and he recorded that on hearing of what had taken place ‘my
first emotion was a strong pang of jealousy’.114
Four days later both of the Forest Rangers companies embarked on another three-day
expedition into the Hunua Range in pursuit of Māori.115 Although the invading Crown
forces had pushed south as far as Ngāruawāhia by December 1863, the Forest
Rangers remained based further north at Papakura, securing the Great South Road
and Auckland from potential attack from the direction of the Hunua Range.116 Because
110 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, pp.31-32.
111 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
112 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.34.
113 Daily Southern Cross, 17 December 1863,
114 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.40.
115 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.41.
116 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.42.
of this, von Tempsky did not take part in the actions at Meremere and Rangiriri through
October and November.
That changed in January 1864 when von Tempsky and the Forest Rangers No. 2
Company received orders to advance south into Waikato, leaving Papakura on 23
January for Tuhikaramea.117 Shortly after arriving, along with Cameron and his troops,
von Tempsky and his men advanced up the banks of the Waipā River to Te Rore. From
their Te Rore camp, Cameron contemplated his next move, reconnoitring an
impressive line of Māori fortifications less than five kilometres away at Pāterangi.118
On 11 February 1864 von Tempsky and his men took part in a significant engagement
at Waiari, a bend on the south bank of the Mangapiko River. It was there that a party
of about 50 British soldiers bathing in the river found themselves ambushed by a Māori
party. While a small covering party of 20 men held the Kīngitanga force at bay,
reinforcements were called for, among them von Tempsky and about 30 of his men.119
Von Tempsky recorded of the battle that:
A ditch of the breastwork of an ancient pa slopped down to the river. It was
densely covered with scrub, as well as the bank of the river. My men bounded
down into it like tigers. On our hands and knees we had to creep, revolver in
hand, looking for our visible foes. The thumping of double-barrel guns around
us announced soon that we were in the midst of the nest. I had in all about
thirty men. Some were stationed on the top of the bank, others in the very
river, and the rest crawling through the scrub. There were strange meetings in
that scrub. Muzzle to muzzle, the shot of despair, the repeating cracks of
revolvers and carbine thuds, and the brown bodies of Maoris made their
117 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.47.
118 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, p.285.
119 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.59.
appearance gradually, either rolling down the hill or being dragged out of the
Although the exact figures are unknown, the Māori force at Waiari suffered heavy
losses, with a likely figure of around 35 killed, compared with 6 dead on the Crown
side.121 Von Tempsky’s official report of the engagement stated that his own men had
personally killed seven Māori.122
Rather than attempt to storm the formidable Pāterangi defences, Cameron decided to
try and bypass them altogether. Late on the evening of 20 February 1864 a column
of 1230 troops marched silently and in single column around the pā. They marched
along the banks of the Mangapiko River, over an old cattle track, before reaching a
dray road that took them to the settlement of Te Awamutu.123 Among the advance
party was von Tempsky and his men.
The first troops reached Te Awamutu towards dawn on 21 February. The settlement
was nearly deserted, save for a few Māori who had stayed back to protect St John’s
Anglican Church. And so Cameron issued orders for the attacking party to immediately
press on to Rangiaowhia a few kilometres away. Cavalry were the first to enter the
settlement, receiving orders to charge as they came within sight of it.124 Von Tempsky
recorded that he and his men had heard the ‘rapid crack-crack of revolvers and
carbines’ as they followed behind, realising that ‘the conflict had commenced’.125
What followed was completely different from other pā battles of the Waikato War
because Rangiaowhia was not a fortified settlement. It was not a pā at all but rather
120 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.59.
121 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, p.288.
122 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.64.
123 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, p.291.
124 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.70.
125 G.F. von Tempsky, Memoranda of the New Zealand Campaign in 1863 and 1864, p.104, qMS-2008, Alexander
Turnbull Library, Wellington.
an open village without fortifications of its own. The main body of Kīngitanga fighters
were at Pāterangi awaiting a British attack that never came. Following the Rangiriri
battle in November 1863 the presence of women and children inside the fighting pā
was condemned by various figures, including Governor George Grey, and the
Kīngitanga urged to remove both to a place of safety.126 Nine days before the attack
on Rangiaowhia Bishop George Selwyn, then serving as chaplain to the Crown forces,
was informed that the settlement had been designated such a place and asked ‘to
confer with General Cameron and make sure that the people there were left
Most of the residents of Rangiaowhia were women, children and elderly men, sent
there in the belief that the British forces would respect its status as a place of safety
and sanctuary for non-combatants. Instead, in the early hours of Sunday morning, 21
February 1864, they found themselves under attack, at first by cavalry, followed by
foot soldiers, including von Tempsky and his men. Von Tempsky recorded that ‘our
blood was up’, as a result of which his men reached the settlement considerably in
advance of many of the other foot soldiers.128
There are multiple first-hand accounts of what followed and some of these disagree
on crucial points. But the official British return noted that 33 prisoners were captured:
21 women and children and 12 (probably elderly) men.129 These returns also noted
that 12 Māori had been killed in the attack on Rangiaowhia but made no reference to
their ages or gender. That was perhaps hardly surprising given the make-up of most
of the residents. And other unconfirmed estimates put the death toll at more than
126 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, p.295.
127 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, p.297.
128 G.F. von Tempsky, Memoranda of the New Zealand Campaign in 1863 and 1864, p.104, qMS-2008, Alexander
Turnbull Library, Wellington.
129 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, pp.299-300.
130 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, p.303.
Von Tempsky recorded that he had set out to seize a group of Māori huddled in the
Catholic church at one end of the settlement before receiving orders from Cameron to
stand down. Obeying reluctantly, von Tempsky and his men marched towards the
centre of the settlement, from where firing was still to be heard.131 There a circle of
soldiers had surrounded a whare with a sunken floor and a narrow entranceway. The
body of one soldier shot while attempting to enter lay in the doorway. Inside were a
group of Māori. Von Tempsky recorded that ‘Some neighbouring whares had been set
fire to, with a view of communicating the fire to the all-dreaded one’. That seemed,
he wrote, ‘unfair’ and so he decided to rush the whare, retrieving the body of the
By this point the flames were lapping over from a neighbouring whare and von
Tempsky and his men withdrew. Von Tempsky then described an ‘old looking man’
coming out of the now burning whare with his hands in the air in a gesture of surrender
and cries of ‘Spare him!’ ringing around. He noted that some of the men, ‘blinded by
rage, at the loss of comrades perhaps’, ignored these pleas, firing at and killing the
man. None of the other occupants of the whare dared come out after this incident.
All, including a young boy, were torched to death. In all seven people died in the
Hearing of the attack on their families, the Kīngitanga men of fighting age abandoned
their position at Pāterangi and rushed back to come to their aid. Prised out of their
formidable fortifications, they found themselves under attack the following day at
nearby Hairini, suffering heavy losses (at least 30 killed) in the engagement.134 Von
Tempsky and his men were again present, von Tempsky subsequently permitting the
Forest Rangers to loot nearby Māori dwellings.135
131 G.F. von Tempsky, Memoranda of the New Zealand Campaign in 1863 and 1864, p.105, qMS-2008, Alexander
Turnbull Library, Wellington.
132 G.F. von Tempsky, Memoranda of the New Zealand Campaign in 1863 and 1864, p.108, qMS-2008, Alexander
Turnbull Library, Wellington.
133 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, pp.301-02.
134 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, p.293.
135 G.F. von Tempsky, Memoranda of the New Zealand Campaign in 1863 and 1864, p.115, qMS-2008, Alexander
Turnbull Library, Wellington.
They were also present on 23 February 1864, when Crown forces raided and looted
the Ngāti Paretekawa settlement of Kihikihi, previously home to Rewi Maniapoto and
his people. In the space of a few hours the entire settlement was destroyed before
the soldiers returned to camp at Te Awamutu with their spoils.136
Von Tempsky and the Forest Rangers were also present at the final battle of the
Waikato War, which took place at Ōrākau, a few kilometres from Kihikihi, between 31
March and 2 April 1864. Around 300 Māori from multiple iwi, including women and
children, were gathered in the still incomplete pā when it was attacked by Crown
forces on 31 March 1864. Women and children had likely been brought into the pā
after what took place at Rangiaowhia, when what was understood as their sanctuary
had been attacked. The British commander, George Carey, dispersed his men around
the pā, believing it was surrounded and bombarding it with heavy artillery. Von
Tempsky and his men took up a position to the east of the pā.137 That followed initial
but unsuccessful efforts to storm the defences.
Inside the pā, matters quickly became critical, the Māori defenders soon running out
of food, water and ammunition. Crown forces commencing sapping towards the pā
and had nearly reached its outer perimeter on 2 April, when William Mair was sent
forth to invite the pā’s occupants to surrender. Declining to do so, they instead later
fled the pā on foot, attempting to break through British lines and make their way
towards the Pūniu River several kilometres to the south. Large numbers were killed in
the subsequent pursuit, around 150 in total. Those killed included a number of women,
including in at least one case a wounded woman who a number of soldiers gathered
around to kill.138 Describing the scene afterwards, von Tempsky noted that he was
136 G.F. von Tempsky, Memoranda of the New Zealand Campaign in 1863 and 1864, pp.117-18, qMS-2008,
Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington.
137 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.97.
138 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, p.332.
‘sorry to see’ women amongst both those killed and the wounded prisoners. However,
he declared that nearly all of these cases, apart from one, had been ‘accidents’.139
Von Tempsky and his men remained in the Waikato district for nearly twelve months
after the Ōrākau battle, awaiting the allocation of confiscated lands promised them in
return for their services. As a senior officer, von Tempsky received an allocation of
400 acres of rural lands in the Pirongia district.140 In April 1865 von Tempsky and 50
Forest Rangers were sent to the Whanganui district. He led an attack on a party of
about 80 Pai Mārire supporters at Kakakaramea near the Pātea River on 13 May 1865,
killing six to eight of their number and earning praise from the Premier, Frederick
Weld, for his actions.141
Later in the year von Tempsky was ordered to serve on the East Coast under James
Fraser, a more junior and less experienced officer. Feeling slighted, von Tempsky
refused and was arrested for disobeying orders but with public opinion strongly on his
side was later cleared by a court of inquiry.142
In December 1865 he returned to Whanganui, joining an expedition by Major-General
Trevor Chute, the new commander of British forces in New Zealand. Chute’s force
travelled north, attacking and destroying a number of pā early the following month,
including Okutuku, Te Pūtahi, Ōtapawa and Ketemarae. A notable feature of the short
but destructive campaign was how few prisoners were taken. One of Chute’s most
senior officers later alleged that orders had been issued that no Māori should be taken
alive.143 An unknown number of Māori were killed during Chute’s five week campaign,
139 G.F. von Tempsky, Memoranda of the New Zealand Campaign in 1863 and 1864, pp.151-52, qMS-2008,
Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington.
140 Richard Stowers, Forest Rangers: A History of the Forest Rangers During the New Zealand Wars, Hamilton:
R. Stowers, 1996, p.127.
141 Evening Post, 20 May 1865, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/EP18650520.2.8 ; N. A. C.
McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990,
updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
142 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
143 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
which involved attacks on an estimated 8 pā and 20 villages, as well as the deliberate
destruction of crops in order to render these settlements uninhabitable.144 Chute’s
uncompromising and ruthless approach was widely applauded by settlers at the time
after his predecessor’s increasing reluctance to fight Māori. Von Tempky was the
unnamed author of a short book on Chute’s campaign but did not go into any details
about his own actions during the course of it.145
Von Tempsky returned to Auckland for a time, where he was a prominent figure in
the social life of the city. Following the disbandment of the Forest Rangers, in January
1868 von Tempsky accepted a commission as Inspector (the equivalent of Major) in
the newly-established Armed Constabulary.
146 After serving for a time in Waikato and
Whanganui, he was sent to Taranaki when the war against Titokowaru broke out.
When the garrison at Turuturumōkai was attacked on 12 July 1868, von Tempsky led
a party of reinforcements who arrived at the redoubt to find ten men dead and another
six wounded, leaving just six of the original guard unscathed.147
On 21 August 1868 von Tempsky took part in an attack on Titokowaru’s stronghold at
Te Ngutu-o-te-Manu. Its occupants were initially taken by surprise but rallied strongly
to drive the Crown force out. Despite initial newspaper reports claiming a crushing
victory, the engagement had been far from decisive.148
On 7 September 1868 Crown forces advanced on Te Ngutu-o-te-Manu for a third time
(there had been an earlier, abortive, effort on 10 August). Advancing through dense
bush with a view to attacking from the rear of the pā, the main body of troops became
144 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
145 A Campaign on the West Coast of New Zealand, Comprising the Western Portion of the Provinces of
Wellington and Taranaki by European and Colonial Forces, under the Command of Major-General Chute, During
the Months of January and February, 1866, Wanganui: The Times, 1866.
146 N. A. C. McMillan. ‘Tempsky, Gustavus Ferdinand von’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published
in 1990, updated March, 2006. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
147 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
2019, p.194; Daily Southern Cross, 17 July 1868,
148 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
lost and eventually arrived at a clearing in front of Titokowaru’s position. Here they
found themselves exposed to attack from those inside the pā and others hiding in
nearby bush covering, falling in great numbers before orders could be issued for
survivors to retreat. Among the colonial troops killed was von Tempsky, or Manu Rau
(100 birds) as he was said to be known to Māori on account of his ability to rush from
one place to another, doing the work of many soldiers.149 His death caused panic
among other nearby troops and the subsequent retreat was chaotic and confused.
The fact that von Tempsky’s body, along with the other men killed, could not
subsequently be recovered was seen as particularly humiliating. Titokowaru’s party
instead burned them on a funeral pyre.150
Von Tempsky had achieved almost folk
hero status among many Pākehā during his short time in New Zealand and his death
was widely mourned. Although he remains a romantic figure for some, in recent times
his reputation has undergone closer examination and critique.
149 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
150 James Cowan, The New Zealand Wars and the Pioneering Period, Wellington: Government Printer, 1983, vol.
John Bryce (1833-1913)
Origins of the Name
Bryce Street was named by the Hamilton Borough Council in 1910 after John Bryce, a
former Member of Parliament, Minister for Native Affairs, farmer and veteran of the
New Zealand Wars. The street had originally been known as Grey Street but was
renamed when part of Heaphy Terrace was renamed Grey Street East.151 Hamilton
Borough Council had resolved to make this change in 1891.152 In 1905 the same
council’s legal and finance committee recommended that Grey Street West be
renamed Bryce Street.153 It is not clear why there was a delay in making the change.
John Bryce was born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1833. His parents were Grace McAdam
and John Bryce, a cabinet-maker.154 Grace died from tuberculosis, prompting a
decision that the rest of the family would migrate to New Zealand. In 1840 John junior,
along with an older brother, a sister, and his father landed at Petone on the Bengal
Merchant, the first New Zealand Company ship to sail from Scotland. The family sailed
in steerage class, reflecting their straitened circumstances.155
John’s father took up work as a carpenter, before settling on a bush farm in the Hutt
Valley.156 However, New Zealand Company claims over the Hutt Valley were strongly
contested by local Māori and in 1846 war broke out in the region. A still young John
151 ‘Kete Hamilton: Hamilton Streets: Bryce Street’,
152 Hamilton Borough Council minutes, 8 September 1891; Waikato Times, 10 September 1891,
153 Waikato Argus, 12 August 1905,
154 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
155 G.H. Scholefield (ed.), A Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs,
1940, vol. 1, p.109; Moyra Cooke, ‘John Bryce, 1834-1913: The White Charger’, MA thesis, Massey University,
156 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
junior was said to have been greatly moved by the story of William Allen, a young
bugler in the British Army killed in the fighting that took place at Boulcott’s Farm on
16 May 1846, recalling Bugler Allen’s actions and describing them in heroic terms
It appears that John junior had limited opportunities for formal schooling, and was for
the most part self-taught.158 Later in life he would move freely with men from the
upper echelons of British and settler society, many of whom had received their
educations at elite English public schools and universities such as Oxford and
John Bryce’s fortunes appear to have improved significantly in 1851, when he travelled
to the Victorian goldfields with his brother. Both brothers returned to New Zealand
two years later wealthy enough to buy and develop farm lands in the Rangitikei
district.159 The following year, in September 1854, he married Elizabeth Ann Campbell.
The couple had a large family: eight daughters and six sons.
In 1859 Bryce first entered the world of politics, serving on a number of road boards.
His big breakthrough came in 1862, when he was elected as member for Wanganui
and Rangitikei on the Wellington Provincial Council. In 1866 he was also elected to
represent Wanganui in the General Assembly, before being compelled to resign from
his political positions in February 1867 due to ill health (Bryce was a life-long
In 1868 war returned to Taranaki and the Kai Iwi Cavalry, a volunteer settler unit, was
formed in October and quickly put into action against Ngāti Ruanui prophet and
military commander Riwha Titokowaru, who was leading resistance to the confiscation
of Taranaki Māori lands. John Bryce, then aged in his mid-thirties, had previous
157 Moyra Cooke, ‘John Bryce, 1834-1913: The White Charger’, MA thesis, Massey University, 2015, p.9.
158 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
159 Moyra Cooke, ‘John Bryce, 1834-1913: The White Charger’, MA thesis, Massey University, 2015, p.9.
160 Moyra Cooke, ‘John Bryce, 1834-1913: The White Charger’, MA thesis, Massey University, 2015, p.10.
experience in volunteer cavalry and was chosen by members of the unit as its
The Kai Iwi Cavalry were in action within days of being formed, and soon developed
a reputation for ill-discipline.162 In early November 1868 Bryce’s own commanding
officer, General George Whitmore, wrote of the unit that:
the Kai Iwi Cavalry Volunteers – a motley group of horsemen from 14 to 60
years of age…a perfect pack of devils, and most uncontrollable. If they smell
the natives, they follow Bryce like a pack of hounds, and cut, slay, and destroy
the poor natives before you have time to look around you.163
Whitmore’s comments proved prescient. On 25 November 1868 the Kai Iwi Cavalry
set out on their first major expedition. Two days later, on 27 November, they came
across a group of Māori at Handley’s Woolshed, near Nukumaru. The official report of
what followed noted that the Kai Iwi Cavalry had encountered a party of ‘Hauhaus’,
killing eight of their number with sabre, revolver and carbine. It singled out Sergeant
George Maxwell for praise, noting that he had ‘himself sabred two and shot one of the
The report omitted one critical detail: the Māori party that the Kai Iwi Cavalry had
attacked was not a party of adult Pai Mārire fighters but a group of young children,
between 6 and 12 years of age, who were out hunting pigs. One boy, aged about 10,
was killed by a single stroke from a sword that decapitated him. Another boy, around
12 years old, died as a result of multiple sword attacks.165 Maxwell had played a
prominent role in these killings. But what of his commanding officer, Lieutenant John
161 James Belich, ‘I Shall Not Die’: Titokowaru’s War, New Zealand 1868-1869, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 1989, p.191.
162 Moyra Cooke, ‘John Bryce, 1834-1913: The White Charger’, MA thesis, Massey University, 2015, p.13.
163 Wanganui Herald, 8 December 1868,
164 W. Newland to Whitmore, 27 November 1868, AJHR, 1869, A-3, p.12, https://atojs.natlib.govt.nz/cgibin/atojs?a=d&d=AJHR1869-I.184.108.40.206&e=
165 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
Bryce? He was said to have been chasing a runaway horse when some of the cavalry
began their advance on the unarmed children and was still chasing it when Maxwell
killed the first boy.166 He later caught up with Maxwell and the other leading men and
issued orders for them to retire. Maxwell initially refused before eventually complying.
Bryce arrived at the scene in time to watch the second gravely wounded boy die.167
He had not participated in the killings but knew that those attacked and killed by his
own men were innocent children.
Years later there would be sequel to this episode when Bryce sued the Australian
journalist and historian George Rusden for libel. Rusden had written in his threevolume history of New Zealand that ‘[s]ome women and young children emerged from
a pah to hunt pigs. Lieutenant Bryce and Sergeant Maxwell of the Kai Iwi Cavalry
dashed upon them and cut them down gleefully and with ease’.168 As there were no
women present – only children – and Bryce had not personally ‘cut down’ anyone,
Bryce’s high-profile libel action was successful in the London courts.169
Bryce and the Kai Iwi Cavalry took part in further actions in the war against
Titokowaru, none nearly as controversial as what had occurred at Handley’s Woolshed,
before the unit was demobilised in August 1869 and officially disbanded in November
of that same year.170 Thus ended his time as a military officer, though not his role in
directing military operations against Taranaki Māori.
In 1871 Bryce returned to the political stage, elected unopposed as the member for
Wanganui in the General Assembly.171 He held the seat until 1881, when he became
the member for Waitotara until 1887. Between 1889 and 1890 he represented Waipa
166 James Belich, ‘I Shall Not Die’: Titokowaru’s War, New Zealand 1868-1869, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 1989, p.201.
167 James Belich, ‘I Shall Not Die’: Titokowaru’s War, New Zealand 1868-1869, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 1989, p.203.
168 G.W. Rusden, History of New Zealand, London: Chapman and Hall, 1883, vol.2, p.504.
169 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/ Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
170 Moyra Cooke, ‘John Bryce, 1834-1913: The White Charger’, MA thesis, Massey University, 2015, p.22.
171 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
in Parliament, followed by Waikato between 1890 and 1891.172 Between 1876 and
1879 Bryce was chair of Parliament’s Native Affairs Committee, considering a large
number of petitions from Māori seeking relief and redress in respect of various
grievances, as well as draft legislation and other matters. One historian notes that ‘His
views were hopelessly at variance with Maori aspirations’.173
When a new government was installed in 1879 under the leadership of John Hall,
Bryce was sworn in as Native Minister. He remained in office until August 1884, other
than a ten-month period between January and October 1881, following his resignation
after falling out with other ministers (and a similar but briefer interlude in April 1882).
When Bryce came to office, the prophets Te Whiti-o-Rongomai and Tohu Kakaki were
leading a campaign of non-violent resistance to the survey of confiscated lands in
southern Taranaki from their base at Parihaka.174 The people of Parihaka responded
to the survey of lands not previously occupied by Pākehā, by ploughing and later
fencing the areas concerned. Large numbers of Parihaka men had been arrested and
were awaiting trial for their actions.
Bryce quickly signalled his intention to respond in uncompromising fashion, passing
legislation that provided for the Māori prisoners to be imprisoned without trial. He
dismissed objections by declaring Magna Carta and habeas corpus as ‘mere legal
technicalities’ and described the grievances of Taranaki Māori as being entirely without
substance.175 A West Coast Commission was established to investigate any unfulfilled
promises to Taranaki Māori. But Bryce declared they had none. His approach was too
much for many of his fellow Cabinet ministers, and in January 1881 he resigned. Later
that year, with no resolution in sight, Bryce was brought back into the fold.
172 The New Zealand Parliamentary Record, Wellington: Government Printer, 1925, p.81.
173 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
174 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
175 Hazel Riseborough, Days of Darkness: Taranaki 1878-1884, Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Port Nicholson Press,
The more conciliatory William Rolleston, who privately believed the people of Parihaka
were genuine in their commitment to non-violent resistance, was prevailed upon to
issue one last proclamation before resigning. On 19 October 1881 he gave the
Parihaka community 14 days to submit to law or lose any lands they still held.176 Bryce
was immediately sworn in as Native Minister to make preparations for the forthcoming
confrontation. All of this took place as the Governor, Sir Arthur Gordon, raced back
from a visit to Fiji, landing just two and a quarter hours after the signing of the
proclamation.177 He believed that Te Whiti’s cause was a just one and was furious that
the government had taken advantage of his absence to rush through the ultimatum.178
With Bryce given a free hand to confront the people of Parihaka, preparations were
quickly put in place. Te Whiti and Tohu continued to urge their followers to act
peacefully, even as speculation as to the forthcoming invasion of their community
reached frenzied levels.179 A force consisting of nearly 1600 Armed Constabulary and
volunteers was hastily assembled, commanded by Colonel J.M. Roberts but under the
direction of Bryce.180 Despite determined efforts by Bryce to prevent detailed press
descriptions of what unfolded at Parihaka, two journalists managed to sneak into the
settlement, witnessing and subsequently reporting on all that unfolded.181
Bryce, riding a white charger and accompanied by Rolleston on foot, advanced on
Parihaka on the morning of 5 November 1881 at the head of the force. They were
greeted by a large party of skipping, singing and dancing children (in some accounts
including boys performing haka).182 Within the settlement itself a crowd of up to 2500
people had assembled to witness proceedings, with Te Whiti and Tohu continuing to
urge calm. Samuel Crombie-Brown, one of the journalists to defy Bryce’s media
176 Hazel Riseborough, Days of Darkness: Taranaki 1878-1884, Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Port Nicholson Press,
177 Hazel Riseborough, Days of Darkness: Taranaki 1878-1884, Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Port Nicholson Press,
178 Hazel Riseborough, Days of Darkness: Taranaki 1878-1884, Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Port Nicholson Press,
179 Hazel Riseborough, Days of Darkness: Taranaki 1878-1884, Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Port Nicholson Press,
180 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
181 Star, 7 November 1881, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/TS18811107.2.20
182 Rachel Buchanan, The Parihaka Album, Wellington: Huia Publishers, 2009, p.48.
blackout, observed that ‘The whole spectacle was saddening in the extreme; it was
an industrious, law-abiding, moral and hospitable community calmly awaiting the
approach of the men sent to rob them of everything dear to them.’
The Riot Act was read and demands issued for Te Whiti, Tohu and others to hand
themselves over for arrest. Te Whiti urged Bryce to come and talk to him instead. But
Bryce refused to dismount from his horse and told Te Whiti that the time for talking
was over.184 As constables stepped forward to arrest Te Whiti and Tohu, both prophets
continued to urge restraint among their followers as they were led away without
resistance. Members of the expeditionary force subsequently looted and pillaged the
settlement.185 The Parihaka community had attracted Māori supporters from all over
the country, and Bryce issued orders for the non-resident population to be forcibly
dispersed. As the people were removed, their houses were pulled down. Oral histories
also record that multiple women were raped.186 Before leaving the scene, Bryce
oversaw the destruction of all crops deemed to belong to outsiders.187
Following the invasion of Parihaka, Bryce helped to steer through further legislation,
indemnifying Crown forces for their actions and providing for Te Whiti and Tohu to be
imprisoned without trial.188 The pair were held for the next 16 months before
eventually being allowed to return to Parihaka. Over the following years they rebuilt
their community, continuing to peacefully resist the confiscation of their lands and
facing further arrests.189
In his role as Native Minister, Bryce also played a prominent part in negotiations
leading to the opening up of the King Country to the North Island main trunk railway
line. As part of his strategy to entice Waikato Māori who had taken refuge in the King
Country following the Waikato War of 1863-64 to return north of the Pūniu River again
183 Star, 7 November 1881, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/TS18811107.2.20
184 Star, 7 November 1881, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/TS18811107.2.20
185 Waitangi Tribunal, The Taranaki Report: Kaupapa Tuatahi, Wellington: GP Publications, 1996, p.206.
186 Waitangi Tribunal, The Taranaki Report: Kaupapa Tuatahi, Wellington: GP Publications, 1996, p.237.
187 Moyra Cooke, ‘John Bryce, 1834-1913: The White Charger’, MA thesis, Massey University, 2015, p.71.
188 Moyra Cooke, ‘John Bryce, 1834-1913: The White Charger’, MA thesis, Massey University, 2015, p.73.
189 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
so that a potential obstacle to the ‘opening up’ of the King Country was removed,
Bryce introduced a Waikato Confiscated Lands Act in 1880 that provided for small
reserves to be set aside for landless ‘surrendered rebels’.190 In 1882 he also introduced
an Amnesty Act providing for offences committed by Māori ‘in insurrection against Her
Majesty’s authority’ to be subject to a general pardon. Following the legislation, there
was speculation as to whether Te Kooti Arikirangi Te Turuki, then taking shelter in the
King Country, would be included in the pardon. At the instance of Ngāti Maniapoto
leader Rewi Maniapoto, Bryce met with Te Kooti in February 1883 and agreed to his
In October 1882 Bryce met with King Tawhiao at Alexandra (now known as Pirongia)
just north of the King Country. Tawhiao repeated his familiar plea for the confiscated
Waikato lands to be returned in full. Bryce rejected this out of hand, offering to return
a small portion of the confiscated lands west of the Waipā River and insisting that ‘the
sovereignty of the Queen must extend over this island from end to end’.192 Bryce’s
uncompromising approach, and his offhand treatment of the Māori King, made it
impossible for the Kīngitanga to accept what had been offered them. King Tawhiao
thereafter looked to the British government and Queen Victoria to intervene, while
Bryce focused on negotiations with Ngāti Maniapoto.193
In March 1883 Bryce reached agreement with a number of Ngāti Maniapoto leaders,
providing for a survey to be commenced for a railway through their territory in return
for various measures designed to protect their lands and authority.194 Ngāti Maniapoto
believed they had entered into a sacred ‘compact’ with the Crown. But they soon found
their lands and authority under threat as the King Country was opened up to the
operations of the Native Land Court and large-scale land purchase operations. The
190 Vincent O’Malley, The Great War for New Zealand: Waikato 1800-2000, Wellington: Bridget Williams
Books, 2016, pp.497-502.
191 Judith Binney. ‘Te Kooti Arikirangi Te Turuki’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990.
Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1t45/te-kooti-arikirangi-te-turuki
192 Waikato Times, 31 October 1882, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WT18821031.2.12
193 Vincent O’Malley, The New Zealand Wars/Ngā Pakanga o Aotearoa, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
194 Waitangi Tribunal, Te Mana Whatu Ahuru: Report on Te Rohe Pōtae Claims [pre-publication version],
Wellington: Waitangi Tribunal, 2018, p.797.
Waitangi Tribunal concluded in its 2018 Te Rohe Pōtae report that Bryce acted in bad
faith and knowingly misled Ngāti Maniapoto rangatira during the course of
negotiations that led to an application in December 1883 for a survey of their external
boundary, which later provided the basis for the Native Land Court to commence
hearings in the district.195
As Native Minister, Bryce did attempt some reform of legislation governing Māori land
purchases and was said to have detested fraudulent land dealings and speculation by
‘land-sharks’.196 But he also described it as an ‘absurdity’ for Māori to believe they
should manage their own affairs and ‘utterly impractical’ for them to think they should
play a greater role in deciding on ownership of their lands.197 Although Bryce had not
personally killed anyone at Handley’s Woolshed in 1868, he turned a blind eye to what
had taken place, and was complicit in the affair as a result. It is said that Māori
thereafter referred to him as Bryce ‘Tangata Kohuru’ (Bryce the murderous man),
perhaps reflecting belief that he bore responsibility for what had happened.198 His
prominent role in the invasion of Parihaka is more clear-cut. It is an incident today
widely remembered as deeply shameful.
Bryce’s subsequent political career was less memorable. And personally, he expressed
no regret for what had happened at Parihaka, observing on the 25th anniversary of
the invasion that he had no misgivings about what had taken place.199 It was, Bryce
said, the event in his life of which he had ‘never ceased to be proud’.200 He died at his
home in Whanganui in January 1913.201
195 Waitangi Tribunal, Te Mana Whatu Ahuru: Report on Te Rohe Pōtae Claims [pre-publication version],
Wellington: Waitangi Tribunal, 2018, pp.908-911.
196 Alan Ward, An Unsettled History: Treaty Claims in New Zealand Today, Wellington: Bridget Williams Books,
197 Bryce to Governor, 11 January 1884, MA 23/1, Archives New Zealand, Wellington; Bryce to Governor, 11
February 1884, G 49/20, Archives New Zealand, Wellington.
198 ‘Te Tangata Kōhuru: The Murderous Man’, https://nzhistory.govt.nz/classroom/conversations/te-tangatakohuru-murderous-man
199 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
200 Hawera and Normanby Star, 3 February 1903,
201 Hazel Riseborough. ‘Bryce, John’, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1993. Te Ara – the
Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/2b44/bryce-john
Please follow that link and read the story there.
My short commentary is below followed with a few excerpts from the article reproduced simply out of fear that this valuable tale may disappear off the net.
Originally published Dec. 31, 2006, with the headline: Doctor and invention outlast jeers and threats
By JOE ROJAS-BURKE, The Oregonian
Commentary by Tim Wikirwihi….
This is a perfect example of how Forward thinkers are treated like fools by the Backward and entrenched status quo… and how innovators meet with hostility from the establishment.
It also shows why People should not simply leave their own health concerns or those of their friends and loved ones in the hands of ‘the Experts’… or trust that they are telling you the whole truth!
It is also informative that this sort of behavior is especially prevalent in the fields of science exposing the fallacious yet carefully crafted myth that the scientific fraternity is peopled with enlightened and objective thinkers who are especially open to progressive ideas… the opposite is true… science is infested with narrow minded and Dogmatically opinionated drones… who are more likely to resist progress than speed it.
And this being so my friends… you had better be prepared to swim against the flow of ‘accepted opinions’ if you want to more closely understand the truth.
“In a pause between patients, Epley reflected on the reasons other doctors refused to accept his findings for so many years.
“If I look back at medical school, much of it was misinformation,” he said. “Physicians learn to just do the routine, to do the accepted things — don’t go too far out. They’ve got so much to lose if they stick their neck out.”
Rest in Peace Dr Epley.
“He is a doctor and innovator. Years ago, he took aim at a medical curse that has disabled millions of people and defied treatment. He came up with a cure that was astonishingly simple. No surgery. No pills.
Now, think: Would his colleagues cheer his stroke of ingenuity by spreading the news — and practice — of the treatment to relieve suffering?
No. Inexplicably, they rejected him, ridiculed him, heaved accusations that threatened his license to practice medicine.”
“John Epley’s stooped shoulders and gentle eyes gave him a turtlish look. He wore a thickly knotted necktie and wrinkled sport coat. No amount of combing could tame the stubborn cowlick in his short hair.
His audience of ear surgeons muttered skeptically and shook their heads. Few at the October 1980 meeting in Anaheim, Calif., believed Epley’s claim to have developed a cure for the most common cause of chronic vertigo.
In any given year, tens of thousands of people seek treatment for the disorder’s strange, crippling attacks. Provoked by a casual tilt or turn of the head, the victim’s surroundings whirl. The eyeballs twitch involuntarily. Nausea overwhelms the senses. On-and-off bouts may torment a sufferer for years.
Physicians were baffled. The best they could offer as treatment was a drastic last resort: surgically destroying nerves to the inner ear, impairing patients’ balance and possibly their hearing.
Epley proposed an elegant alternative.
His talk concluded with a demonstration, a young woman acting as his patient. Epley and his research collaborator, audiologist Dominic Hughes, began by tilting the woman flat on her back, her head hanging over the end of an exam bench. Hughes cradled her head in his hands and rotated it about 45 degrees to his right, then he and Epley rolled the woman’s head and shoulders back to the left in a counterclockwise move that ended with her face down. In a final move, Hughes and Epley lifted the woman to a sitting position.
And that was it.
By then, audience members were walking out. One doctor stomped up to Epley and slapped down a comment card before exiting. He’d scrawled, “I resent having to waste my time listening to some guy’s pet theory.”
To maintain balance, the brain coordinates messages from the eyes, from muscles pulling against gravity and from motion sensors inside the inner ear’s maze of fluid-filled canals.
Another researcher had reported finding chalklike particles in the inner ears of vertigo patients and proposed that these particles clumped onto ears’ motion sensors to trigger false sensations of motion. But the hypothesis failed to explain the on-again-off-again nature of positional vertigo: If particles stuck on sensors, why did dizziness ever go away?
Epley and Hughes reasoned that the particles must float freely. Head movements might shift them, causing a siege of dizziness until the particles settled or shifted. It might be possible, they figured, to move the particles where they wouldn’t cause mischief. Since the particles are denser than inner-ear fluid and sink, gravity could do the work.
Hughes used plastic tubing to build a model of the inner ear. To simulate loose particles, he put BBs in the coiled tubes. He and Epley flipped and turned the hand-size model as they might a kid’s puzzle, to work out a sequence of moves to reposition the tiny metal balls.They began testing the moves on people straightaway, tilting and rolling them on an exam bench. Odd as the treatment sounded, frustrated patients were keen to try it.
The first two or three subjects seemed to gain immediate relief. At first, Epley wasn’t too impressed. The condition often clears up by itself, he recalls reminding himself. He didn’t know whether he had made any difference.
But when the treatment cured several more patients, including one who had endured dizziness for a decade, he and Hughes realized they’d hit upon a great discovery.
In Portland, some of Epley’s colleagues were so skeptical that they began to question his medical skills. Some doctors stopped referring patients.”
“In front of hostile crowds, he kept presenting his findings. Ken Aebi, a medical supply salesman in Portland who’d become Epley’s friend, felt helplessly embarrassed for him. Epley struggled at the lectern, reading too much from notes and occasionally wandering off on tangents. Some doctors rolled their eyes. Others laughed openly.”
At an emergency room in 1995, a doctor couldn’t figure out the cause of a sudden attack of vertigo that struck Joseph Delahunt.
He had crawled from the living room of his North Portland house out to his car so that his wife could drive him to the hospital. Delahunt hung his head out the window and vomited most of the way. An Air Force veteran in his mid-50s, he was healthy and active — selling real estate and practicing yoga — until the attacks started.
Delahunt consulted his family doctor, then tried a neurologist and an ear, nose and throat doctor. They prescribed motion-sickness drugs and other medicines that didn’t help much. One told him he’d have to learn to live with the “benign” condition. None mentioned Epley’s treatment. His wife discovered it on the Internet.
Delahunt’s condition worsened. To avoid unbearable, spinning nausea, he sat as still as he could in a reclining chair. For nearly three months, he left the recliner only to go the bathroom.
At Epley’s office, an assistant helped Delahunt down a long hallway to a gray-walled room with closed blinds. An ungainly apparatus filled much of the room. Inside a giant steel ring hung a padded chair that reminded Delahunt of an ejection seat. Motors, gears and drive-chains were rigged to flip and twirl the chair like a carnival ride.
Delahunt stepped up to a platform and into the chair. An assistant clipped straps across his chest and ankles. She covered his eyes with a bulky mask. It contained a video camera to track his eyes. She clipped a vibrator behind his ear. It buzzed gently, more lightly than a cell phone on vibrate.
“Are you comfortable?” the assistant asked. Delahunt nodded, grateful for the Valium he’d taken.Epley fingered a joystick controller to tilt the chair back until Delahunt was face up. A flick of the joystick rotated Delahunt like a barbecue skewer. On a black-and-white computer display, Epley monitored his patient’s eyes for a characteristic twitching movement triggered by positional vertigo. He repeated the series of calibrated tilts and whirls. Then he swung the chair upright and face-forward.
No waves of vertigo struck when Delahunt moved his head. The nausea had cleared. He stopped taking the medications other doctors prescribed and resumed his life.
Threat to livelihood
In Portland, many doctors still dismissed Epley as a crank.
The conflict flared into a crisis in 1996. The Oregon Board of Medical Examiners notified Epley that he was under investigation for alleged unprofessional conduct.
His medical license and livelihood were on the line.”
“Epley’s accusers, two Portland physicians, testified that Epley was administering the nerve-deadening drugs recklessly, based on inadequate diagnostic testing.
Epley’s main defender, a Harvard-affiliated specialist from Boston, described Epley as “a forward thinker who has been right virtually every time he stuck his neck out.”
Litzenberger left no doubt whom she found most credible, portraying the board’s medical experts as hostile, one-sided and ill-informed. In the summer of 2001, Litzenberger dismissed all claims.”
“By then, a review article in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine had credited John Epley as the inventor of the “treatment currently recommended” for positional vertigo. In clinical trials, about 90 percent of patients were cured by a single treatment. Doctors applying treatment around the world referred to it as the “Epley maneuver.”
“At 76, Epley sees patients three days a week. He spends the two other days of the workweek at Vesticon. His daughter’s startup has already launched development of two of Epley’s other inventions.
In a pause between patients, Epley reflected on the reasons other doctors refused to accept his findings for so many years.
“If I look back at medical school, much of it was misinformation,” he said. “Physicians learn to just do the routine, to do the accepted things — don’t go too far out. They’ve got so much to lose if they stick their neck out.”
Three years after this article was published on the front page of The Oregonian, Dr. John Epley had a stroke and retired. He died in July 2019.
Kōwhatu ki te Uru is an important Te Kawerau-a-Maki ancestor. This carving of him at Karekare is by Sunnah Thompson, a Te Kawerau-a-Maki artist. Kōwhatu ki te Uru built the pā Te Kākāwhakaara… from here
Having a good grasp of world history is essential for any New Zealander, if they are to have any hope in grasping just how different the British colonisation of New Zealand was compaired to the colonisation of other countries like America, and Australia.
The revisionist Narrative that has been foisted upon our nation by successive governments control of the Media and education system *relies on the ignorance* of the New Zealand population.
To understand the colonisation of New Zealand correctly a person must understand all the great milestones in the Development of the British Empire, including the Reformation, The revolutions, the colonization of America, The enlightenment, the American Declaration of independence, the Abolition of Slavery in the British empire, and esp the political scene in Britain before 1840.
Most importantly people need to appreciate the Character of the main players involved in the colonisation of New Zealand… their motives… and the great pains they went through to ensure the well being of the indigenous population… the injunctions to guard against rapine… the legal safeguards employed that show the benevolent concern for the Maori people.
Its all there in the history books for anyone to go read for themselves… yet that is precisely the history Our socialist government and the Radicals *dont want you to understand* because it blows gigantic holes in their revisionist narrative that paints the colonisation of New Zealand as a racist invasion.
So it is that an appreciation of the big picture is essential as such understanding sets the proper historical context for how the colonisation of New Zealand actually happened.
Without turning this post into a book length exposition I will focus on just one aspect of this story of New Zealand’s British Colonisation that has inadvertently been made very relevant by current events… of the private company Fletcher Buildings housing developments at Ihumatao.
I want to talk about the political septic swamp that has been highlighted at Ihunatao that is typical of the whole treaty grievance industry… esp the corrupt Political opportunism and modus opperandi of the likes of NZ PM Jacinda Ardern and the Greens.
I would like to point out an extreme irony taking place!
How ironic it is that Green Party MPs and radical activists and protesters are attempting to smear the Fletcher housing development in an evil light claiming that their Housing scheme at Ihumatao as being ‘Colonisation in action’!
Yes they want to make out this is another case of Pakeha greed and oppression of ‘poor Maori’!
Unfortunately many people who are rightly affronted by these radical claims will still themselves be of the opinion that the British colonisation of New Zealand was driven by Greed and racism… as that is the narrative they have been spoon fed by our government… none the less these people will deny that what Flectcher Building is doing can be so construed to be ‘Colonisation in action’.
It is rather simply Land development in a modern society, building much needed housing for a city in dire need.
I agree with such an evaluation… yet still let me now point out that how Fletchers have behaved in this affair *is in a very positive way* comparative to how a very historic Colonial Company envisioned that colonisation and development ought to take place… following a code of high ethics and high moral values, and Good will towards Maori.
I am referring to Edward Gibbon Wakefield, and his New Zealand company.
In modern times both Wakefield and The New Zealand Company have suffered extreme post-humus character assignations by those with malevolent political agendas, determined to bury the enlightened truth about the colonisation of New Zealand, and supplant it with a Bastardisation of history… rewriting colonisation as a Racist scheme of systematic oppression and greed!
Yet as I have already said… such Modern revisionist propaganda relies upon ignorant and unlearned ears.
So let me now explain why I actually accept the argument that Fletchers development in many ways can be seen as ‘Colonisation in action’.
I say it’s actually 100% true… but not in the negative sense that these haters and nutbar Green party Mps suggest… but in a very positive way Fletchers is demonstrating a principle that was first enunciated by Edward Gibbon Wakefield and later published in his great work ‘the Art of colonisation 1849 ‘ which proves the very opposite *motivation* was at the heat of British colonistaion of New Zealand.
Not only was Wakfields motivation the relief of overcrowding and poverty in Britain, but also the welfare and betterment of the ‘native’ population of New Zealand.
Early 19th century ‘Aotearoa’ (NZ) was Stone Age and barbarous.
Cannibalism and tribal warfare were the norm.
European whalers were working the Seas and had established Drinking and whoredom at Russell… then known as the ‘black hole of the Pacific’… and as such tensions began to mount between thes lawless Riffraf and the Maori People…
The level of poverty here is best described as third world… yet it was out of a Protestant Christian belief in spreading the light of the Gospel into the darkest regions of the earth in obedience to their divine calling that ‘Mechanic Missionaries’ first arrived here from the Church missionary society… bringing with them the arts of the Modern world… and preaching the brotherhood of mankind.
It was the Missionaries along with NZ Resident James Bugsby whose council led the Coalition of Maori Chiefs tp petition the English Crown to bring New Zealand under their imperial wing and establish the rule of Law.
New Zealand was the last nation on Earth to be colonsied by Britain, and as such Britain (esp Wakefield) had learned a great deal from their past endeavors… esp the painful lessons of the American revolution and declaration of Independence.
Before 1840, England at the very time of Wakefield was writing ‘The Art of Colonisation’ had already abolished slavery, and was experiencing a wave of Humanitarian ideals esp with regard to the Equality of all human beings.
It is a matter of public record that Hobson’s instructions (which he did with Bugsby’s aid) was to treat with the Indigenous people of New Zealand for their voluntary session of sovereignty over the country to the British Crown in exchange for their establishment of Law and Order… and their Protection from France.
Though the Expanse of British Empire was at it Zenith in power and domination, still she was very reluctant in accepting responsibility for New Zealand.
Not only was it on the opposite side of the world, Britain had sustained heavy financial burdens and troubles from it’s colonies and was in no mood for more of the same.
The Treaty of Waitangi is a testament to the beneficent attitude of Britain towards the Maori People, and their concerns for them that they be fairly treated during the inevitable colonisation of New Zealand that was already in process.
The 2nd clause of the Treaty that allows for Maori to sell any lands they were willing to part with directly to the British Crown, not only was it a safeguard against Land Sharks swindling them. but also reflects a fundamental principle of Wakefield’s ‘Art of Colinisation’ whereby Land is acquired *and Pooled* by the government, surveyed, given title, and systematically on sold to Colonists at a rate that would prevent a Glut of available land being on the market and thus by this means maintain property values.
This is an economic lesson he learned by appreciating the disasters that unfolded during the un-systemaic colonisation of other countries like Australia.
By controlling the Land supply to the market, Wakefield argued that the colonial government will be able to get better prices… and use the money for infrastructure, Public works, and cover the expenses of Government administration (sparing British taxpayers of an extra burden).
Wakefield’s ‘Art’ of colonisation and development was *self funding* and designed to insure the indigenous population were fairly treated .
Furthermore… not only was Wakfield’s enlightened principles embodied in the Treaty of Waitangi… a treaty designed for the welfare of the Maori people, making them equal Brittish subjects with their Pakeha neighbours… enjoying all the same rights… and having the same protections of the Law… Wakefield’s ‘New Zealand Company’ planned to bring a controlled and steady flow of Migrants from England (bringing relief from the squalor and overcrowding of British cities that had resulted from the industrial revolution and subsequent urbanization)… Migrants of the Best moral character and enterprise (unlike the convicts who were shipped to Australia), and to purchase land to create settlements… towns… and his plans for such settlements not only called for respect of the indigenous population, but also included allotments for them *within the settlements*!
not only does this display an inclusive disposition towards Maori-pakeha co-existence and mutual assimilation, and association, Wakfield also had a grasp of economic realities and benefits that are derived when wilderness is converted into a hub of human activity.
Property goes from being of small value, into being highly valued when it is a part of a thriving community, via the law of supply and demand!
Wakefied knew that the allotments given to the indigenous folk living within the community would increase exponentially in value, comparative to when the land lay as unoccupied waste.
And Wakfield was keen to see the indigenous population enjoy their portion of such gains that come from colonisation!
Likewise when we jump forward almost 2 centuries we see from the deal reportedly done between themselves and Te Kawerau a Maki that Fletcher Building has acted in both a generous and inclusive manor and insured that the tribes people will also benefit from the development!
And it is my contention that in truth this reflects the true spirit by which the historic collonisation of New Zealand!
This is why both Maori and Pakeha cultures have assimilated each other to the degree that via intermarriage we have become *one people*… New Zealanders!
And this truth is 100% at variance with the filthy and slanderous lies being peddled by the hate-filled and greed driven racist radicals who profit from Treaty separatism!
We are seeing here with Fletcher’s voluntarily reaching an accord with the Tribal hierarchy Te Kawerau a Maki… taking pains to respect the tribes sacred places, and providing them with allotments within the new ‘settlement’ mirrors very well with the intents of Wakefields ‘Art of colonisation’… and as the development will enhance the value of land in the area, so too will the tribe benefit from the capital gains that will accrue upon the properties they have.
There is of course one difficulty with ‘Tribalism’ when it comes to Property that tends to devalue land and restrict development… when Land titles are locked into some sort of Tribal commons as this can inhibit the ‘fungibility’ of the title… hindering investment… making it harder to leverage mortgages, etc… yet all these types of problems are not the fault of ‘Evil Colonial oppression’, but of how collective tribal land titles are not conducive to Free enterprise.
This is a whole story in itself that is not within the scope of this post… the important point is however how Fletcher Building have demonstrated a very respectful and beneficial attitude towards the Tribe…which is in fact well in keeping with the whole colonisation process of New Zealand… yet and these facts are at variance with the malicious claims being made by Protesting Radicals!
So lets list some Ihumatao facts.
1. The claim that the Ihumatao land was forcefully taken from the tribe during the Land confiscations after the wars of the 1860s *is False*!
There are maps available that clearly show the pastel of land is well outside the demarcation of confiscated land.
2. The Tribe signed a full and final Treaty settlement with Treaty negotiations Minister Chris Finlayson in 22 feb 2014
3. The Green and Labour party Ministers voted in support of this settlement in parliament.
4. Fletchers has set about to achieve their Building scheme fully compliant with the law… gaining all the necessary consents, and even went the extra mile in gaining the Blessing of the Tribal hierarchy… voluntarily Gifting Te Kawerau a Maki back an area that was of cultural significance to them, plus allotments within the development in which their people will be able to live!
We have come to expect the Nut-bar and ignoramus Green party to be completely devoid of reason and so it is no surprise to see their MPs standing among the trespassing and deluded protesters. yet by failing to maintain her distance Jacinda Ardern has acted in an extremely foolish, dangerous, and illegal manor by putting her foot into this swap… suggesting that her government supports the protesters and that Flecthers must halt their development and sit across the table with these protesters whom have *zero factual or Legal basis* for claims upon that land and its use!
Act party’s David Seymour has publicly stated that Jacinda Ardern is encouraging illegal behaviour (here)
And Tribal leader David Rankin say he is going to lay a complaint against Ardern with the Police for overstepping her Executive authority as PM and interfering in a legal agreement…
“A senior member of the iwi, Mr Rankin said he would lodge a complaint with police that the Prime Minister used her position to interfere in a legal transaction and as a consequence would deprive the iwi of dozens of homes which Fletchers had contracted to provide to the mana whenua.”… read more here
She has even tried to prevent media asking about Ihumātao read here
The sane portions of the New Zealand population have had a guts full of the Treaty grievance Radicals and witnessing the fact that these radicals show contempt even for treaty settlements upon which the ink has barely dried… and that Jacinda Ardern herself thinks she can arbitrarily trample underfoot legal contracts show that she has little compunction against abusing her powers as PM.
Now I have little doubt that my blog post will have caused some people to reading this to wish a pox upon my house… those whom have been thoroughly brainwashed into the belief that the colonisation of New Zealand by the British was one sort of ‘mega Crime against humanity’, none the less it is my testimony that to believe such a thing is a vile injustice upon the many great and noble characters who are a part of New Zealand’s British heritage, whom are routinely defamed and vilanized.
I make no apology for standing up in their defense… and in fact calling for an end to this slander, and for New Zealanders to give these great pioneers the admiration and respect they deserve!
Current affairs at Ihumatao also demonstrate the historic fact that even when the best of intentions to make fair Land deals with tribes, that often troublemakers will still make counter-claims of injustice against people who have acted with honest intent and within the law. Historically speaking Many of the notable disputes over land can be understood by the fact that prior to the establishment of British law, surveying, and land titles, in Pre-colonial New Zealand ‘ownership of land’ was virtually only by ‘occupation’ and secured only by force of arms… and constantly violently contested in tribal wars.
It was Christianity and British Rule that eventually brought an end to this Brutal and endless struggle and established peace between the tribes.
Wakefield’s grave in Wellington should be a national monument!
Every school child should learn about the Military exploits of Gustavus Von Tempsky!
And yet we live in such times in which Celebrating our British heritage is almost illegal.
Just look at all the lies being told about Captain James Cook!
Look how the hate-filled racist radicals want to remove his monuments!
The Colonial history of New Zealand is fabulous!
Full of heroism, and toil, and enterprise that was the foundation for the world famous New Zealand character!
It was via breaking in this wilderness and transforming it into a modern enlightened society that our Mettle was forged!
This is the source of why our Tiny nation has always produced the greatest Troupes, and athletes… and world leaders in Civil reforms!
I was no accident that Everest was conquered by a New Zealander!
Yet I fear that our best is now behind us!
Our nation has been taken over by a bunch of whinging and emasculated and self immolating SJWs who have been taught to hate their own skins.
Why do you New Zealanders tolerate the historic vandalism of these ingrates… these dangerous and divisive radicals?
You are flushing both your Epic Historic cultural inheritance, and the Future well being of your descendants down the toilet!
Shame on you!
Sign this Petition!
Government must uphold Treaty settlement, police must evict Ihumatao protesters
Joint statement from Fletcher Building and Te Kawerau Iwi Tribal Authority & Settlement Trust.
With regards to the weekend’s ‘Reclamation Festival’ at Ihumatao, Fletcher Residential Limited, the Makaurau Marae Maori Trust Board and The Te Kawerau Iwi Settlement Trust & Tribal Authority, collectively the land owner of the Oruarangi Road SHA site and mana whenua of Ihumatao feel it is appropriate to remind the media that:
– The land at Oruarangi Road is a designated Special Housing Area, on privately-owned land that has been farmed extensively for the last 150 years. It is located between the existing village of Ihumatao, the edge of the Auckland Airport business precinct and the Otuataua Stonefields Reserve.
– Plans for the site have been developed in partnership with mana whenua in such a way that supports their sustainable kaitiakitanga of the surrounding area. This includes devoting a quarter of the site along the boundary of the Stonefields Reserve to protect and enhance connectivity, especially from the village. This piece of land within the development area will be the first time since the land confiscations of 1863 that land will be returned to mana whenua. The agreement to have this land returned to mana whenua was negotiated between Fletchers, Makaurau Marae Maori Trust and Te Kawerau Iwi Tribal Authority. Auckland City Council was consulted during this process.
– The protest group SOUL does not represent mana whenua of Ihumatao.
– Members of the United Confederation of Tribes along with members of the so called, “Kaitiaki village” do not represent mana whenua of Ihumatao.
– Pania Newton who previously led the SOUL protest group is not mana whenua nor has she been mandated to represent mana whenua of Ihumatao. Pania has wilfully misled SOUL followers and the general public regarding ‘land issues’ at Ihumatao.
– Pania, her supporters and SOUL followers continue to unlawfully occupy the privately owned site preventing the development of much needed new housing, which through the partnership between Fletcher and mandated mana whenua representation, will provide housing opportunities for descendants with whakapapa and strong cultural connections to return to the area.
Steve Evans, Chief Executive – Residential and Development, Fletcher Building Limited
Te Warena Taua N.Z.O.M., Executive Chair, Te Kawerau Iwi Tribal Authority & Settlement Trust
‘Businessman pleads guilty to distributing objectionable material after sharing Christchurch attack videos’
“Christchurch businessman Philip Arps pleaded guilty to two charges of distributing objectionable material following the Christchurch Mosque attacks on March 15th.
The charges have been laid under the Films, Videos and Publications Classifications Act.
One charge was for sharing the gunman’s live stream with up to 30 people. The other was for Arps requesting the material to be modified. This included adding cross hairs and a kill count to then be made into a “meme” for widespread publication…”
IMO a super-crappy and devious aspect of this case is that by holding this guy so long in jail before being able to make a plea the State has been able to pressure him into making *a guilty plea*… whose Agents via a series of ‘little talks’ about how much trouble he is in and how long a sentence he risks by going to trial with an ‘unrepentant’ attitude.
‘Better to plead guilty’ and ask for mercy….
And so he has effectively *prosecuted and convicted himself*!!!
The Police and State *Love guilty Pleas* for Political crimes! (Lets watch and see what happens with Benton Tarant… the State certainly does not want an open trial for him!)
Such a Guilty Plea not only means that the Crown has been saved from actually *having to present a solid case* but also our whole country has been robbed of the opportunity to see all the facts and details of how the police conducted themselves… etc… and to see *what real evidence* they had… and if these charges can be successfully lawfully defeated.
Tyranny 1… the people 0.
The following is a Quote From a facebook comment thread…
“The trouble with fighting for human freedom is that one spends most of one’s time defending utter cockwombles. For it is against utter cockwombles that oppressive laws are first aimed, and oppression must be stopped at the beginning if it is to be stopped at all.” ~ H. L. Mencken
That quote stresses the plight of the principled activist in defense of Liberty and Individual rights.
It is difficult to find many New Zealanders who have any sympathy for Arps… not only because most people find his behavioral and personal political opinions repugnant but also out of fear that if you dare to say anything negative about what the Government and Police are doing to him… you will be labeled a ‘White Nationalist/ Supremacist sympathiser’.
However I belong to several Political forums that have discussed this case and some people have shown the strength of character and wisdom to understand the dire implications of what has been done to this guy… and how extreme is the punishment they are threatening him… and all New Zealanders with should they dare to defy Censorship Laws and express views that the Government seeks to suppress.
And these Brave souls have spoken out against what is happening with this case, yet they are met with very sheepish responses that parrot the *official line* as to why Life feeds need to be ‘Filtered’ and censored… and these sheeple inevitably suggest that it is ‘indecent’ and risks ‘copy cat’ crimes to allow guys like Arps to go unpunished.
I have a few points I want to say to people who support what the government is doing… and plans to do with greater ‘Hate speech’ legislation and heavy handed curbs on live feeds to social media…who watched the video before it was taken down and outlawed will have enjoyed it, or would complain that after several days and sober reflection that facebook and other media *Voluntarily* removed it, yet I want to suggest to you that the fugitive aspects of allowing *the government* to force Social media not merely to Ban it *after some sort of due process* but to apply heavily controls on live streaming to the net as they are doing now… one of the ‘controls’ being delays on streaming for people with less than 100 followers… effectively halting live streaming for the bulk of *private citizens* while leaving a monopoly for mainstream media, etc… and this is *all about controlling the narrative* that the Government will allow the public to see….
Understand that *it is the Government* who hates the freedom and the power the internet provides the people.
For Example… Who has been embarrassed the most by the advent of the Cell phone camera?
Live streaming Police corruption and injustice has been a Great eye opener to the general public… and a curse to the Government, and they have been trying to ‘Ban’ people from sharing this stuff on line…. and so while they have given you a list of lame excuses to believe why controlling the net is ‘for your own precious good’… in reality there are a thousand far more important reasons they dont want you to think about as to why the government is *not acting* in the best interest of the people, but out of their same old motive for Power and control.
The very same thing is easily provable with respect to the New Firearms prohibitions… the government controlling the narrative have all the sheeple thinking their new laws are wonderfully progressive despite the fact that they have punished thousands of innocent people, and taken away their rights, and made our whole nation more defenseless… the only people who really gained are the government… and their ability to keep the disarmed population under their yoke… their ability to throw them in jail with less resistance… etc.
And of course the Party state wants to control the narrative on all current affairs and what information reaches the voting population.
The Governments of the world have also pulled a massive moral swifty on all this as if Facebook as a service provider is responsible for what private citizens post.
they are no more responsible than Bill gates is for his Computers being used for Child pornography, or Smith and Wesson are for their guns being used in bank robberies.
So by threatening to hold Facebook liable for things like Brenton Tarrants video is outrageous.
Likewise with the foolish idea that it is the Governments job to keep us ‘safe’.
Ie How the hell can anyone think that the Police can be in all places at all times?
And would not that idea be itself an abomination to personal privacy and Liberty?
The truth is we must be allowed to take care of *Our own safety*! that is a fundamental right!
Its scary how much blind trust the average Sheeple places in Nanny State!
It is scary how little questioning and critical thinking is applied when the government acts with such a heavy hand!
It is sad how the general population Mocks those of us who dare to articulate our concerns and treats us like weirdos.
Tyranny 2. Freedom 0.
P.S… I am probably now on the Police ‘Watch list’ because I express what they deem to be ‘Radical views’ with respect to all that has happened with respect to the Christchurch terror attack.
“More than 100 people – including white supremacists, Muslim converts and people left disgruntled by the Christchurch terror attack – are being actively monitored by police.
Stuff has obtained part of a top secret list that names those who are of concern to police following the March 15 terror attack. Stuff has chosen not to name anyone on the list or contact them for security reasons.
The list, which is understood to have included more than 100 people, includes “disaffected” people with firearm licences, and others with racist and radical views. Police appear to be placing a large focus on social media” ….
Now I question what constitutes ‘a radical view’?
I would say they would deem anyone who disagrees with what the Police and Government are doing… anyone who thinks their agenda is evil… anyone who believes their own rights are not dependent upon Government sanction.
And I would also suggest *special attention* will be made on those of us who have made public statements, Blogs, etc that protest all these heavy handed government actions and policies.
I will therefore assume because my Activism has been directly engaging the Government via submissions to the new firearms amendments, and because of my commitment to ending the entrenched racism of Treaty separatism… political views that have been deemed to be ‘Racist’ by The Minister of Justice Andrew Little… the guy who signs off on granting the Police and security services authority to spy on New Zealand citizens… that there is a greater than 50% probability that My name is on that list.
This is what the Nazis did…. The *Real Nazis* are doing the watching rather than the people being watched, yet the way the Spin doctors present the narrative its people like me who want Freedom and equality before the law who is to be deemed to be ‘A radical’…
This very point was raised by Chairman of the New Zealand Council for Civil Liberties Thomas Beagle… ” said he had “strong concerns” about government surveillance of people.
“What we would expect is that if police were [monitoring] people that they actually proved the reason they need to do it to the appropriate authorities and got the appropriate warrants,” he said.
“Our main criteria is that we expect there to be the appropriate checks and balances and that there’s got to be more than just a political view for there to be any form of government surveillance.”
Police declined to say how many warrants had been issued to monitor people since March 15.”
Update: 18-5-19 More information has come to light about Phil Arps since I wrote this opinion piece, that has baring on his guilty pea… yet still what I say in this Blog- post is still relevant…..
Also read this.
“Hate Speech Laws and Blasphemous Libel: A Tale of Hypocrisy.
A few months ago, the Honourable Andrew Little quite rightly proposed a bill that eventually removed the last blasphemy law (s 123 of the Crimes Act 1961) from our statute books.
Before its removal, the effect of s 123 was to make it an offence to vilify or degrade Christianity with an intent to cause serious offence or by abusing sacred objects or beliefs (Bowman v Secular Society Ltd).
Section 123(3) went on to specify: “It is not an offence against this section to express in good faith and in decent language, or to attempt to establish by arguments used in good faith and conveyed in decent language, any opinion whatever on any religious subject”.
Thus the cumulative effect of s 123 was to make it an offence to vilify or degrade Christianity either in bad faith, or using indecent language.
At any rate, the repeal of s 123 was premised on concerns about the right to free expression. The necessary implication being that speech is *protected* notwithstanding that it is expressed in bad faith or indecent language, and vilifies Christianity.
If free speech grounds a right to vilify Christianity in bad faith or using indecent language, there is similarly a right to vilify any other religion in bad faith or using indecent language.
And yet I’m told that the latter would be legally actionable hate speech…”
The pace with which the current Ardern government is moving towards a police state, and the destruction of freedom is truly frightening!
And there seems to be nobody in parliament standing up in opposition to any of it!
The National Party have been hypnotized by the Ardern Cult of Personality… they pander to her every whim!
How the hell they ever expect this sort of Kowtowing to the Liberal agenda will help them get elected into power again is a mystery.
The Lefty infested New Zealand Press are hard at work lobbying for New Hate speech legislation and has acted like a Lynch mob towards Austrailian sports star Israel Folou quoting the Bible on his own social media page. and the condemnation he has received from our New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern herself, with the press goading her… begging her … to label what he said hate speech…here ‘Jacinda Ardern fires back at Israel Folau and social media comments’… while she was restrained by current legal definitions to label what he said as being a crime, she said she called it ‘Damaging’, yet we also know that her government is determined to push through New ‘hate speech’ legislation… with the same callous disregard for the rights of New Zealanders and due process they displayed with the latest Firearms prohibitions, and when you see what her minion Andrew Little thinks constitutes ‘hate speech’ if New Zealanders are not alarmed, and rise up against this abuse of power they truly deserve the expression of being a bunch of Sheep!
Unless new Zealanders wake up and stand against this sort of agenda driven anti-religious liberty… anti Free speech propaganda… Our country is doomed, and our children will not be taught anything other than what the government wants them to learn… and what they are allowed to believe… and think.
What has been circulated in the NZ media about Folou’s ‘Homophobia’ has been absolutely dishonest!
For the record… I’m too a Christian, I do not hate homosexuals, yet I reserve the right to peacefully and freely preach about my Religion and quote the Bible… precisely as I have done for the last 34 years, and no Law from Parliament will stop me from doing this… They will have to arrest me to stop me!
This is precisely what the Right to free speech entails!
Go study the history of religious oppression and the birth of religious liberty in western civilisation… This is where the right to free speech was born!
Look at What Arderns’ Minion Andrew Little has to say about a political pamphlet that was circulated in Point Chev… this is her main man responsible for framing new Hates speech laws!
The Pamphlet called for ‘One law for all’… thats an *inclusive* Ideal in which all peoples of New Zealand are subject to the same laws… no favoritism… no discrimination… and yet he has called this *Racism*!
Quote: “The pamphlet titled One Treaty One Nation, calls for an end to state partnership with Māori, scrapping the Waitangi Tribunal, Māori electorates and wards and says Māori have benefited from colonisation lifting them out of “a violent stone age existence”.
Andrew Little who is overseeing a review of hate speech in the wake of the terrorist attacks told the Herald his view was the pamphlet is racist.
“It peddles myths about pre-European Maori society that historical scholarship does not bear out. If it demonstrates anything, it is that the author of it is an ignorant fool.”
How Arse-backwards and hypocritical could anyone possibly be???
The Man is worse than an imbecile!
Hes a Dangerous Political snake… and if he thinks by writing legislation that outlaws political opinions that disagree with his own patently wrapped Ideas he has another thing coming!
Little is suggesting this pamphlet calling for one law for all is written by some nutcase when in reality it is expressing a view that is held by a great portion of New Zealanders including many respected politicians more than his equal and many other prominent and intelligent New Zealanders.
The Principle of Racial equality is neither ‘Anti-Maori’ nor Fringe!
It is a legitimate Political position held by thousands of New Zealanders, well reasoned, and has been a foremost topic of elections for the past 50 years!
Does Andrew Little think he can impose his own liberal apartheid views by labeling opposition as hate speech?
As a Libertarian… I reserve my right to propagate the Idea of *One law for all New Zealanders* and to fight for the Principle of Justice… *Racial equality before the law*… just as I have done for the past two decades, and no new ‘hate speech laws’ written under the excuse of the Christchurch atrocity
will silence me from condemning the apartheid state that Ardern and Little are now at the helm!
I dont care if Andrew Little believes that Fighting for Racial equality is somehow ‘Anti-Maori’ and Hate speech!
It is not hate speech! I do not Hate Maori… I am a Maori myself!
I want what is best for them and all the people of New Zealand, and I condemn as unjust and an absolute failure the current Apartheid syatem that has not lifted Maori out of the gutter of our Social statistics, but has been a gigantic extortion racket!
I will not stop… I will never cease from seeking to expose the dishonesty of the Governments False revisionist history that seeks to deceive New Zealanders into accepting the lie that the Treaty of Waitangi created a two tier Racial system rather than uniting *all the peoples of New Zealand as one people under one law and one sovereign with equal rights* The Government will have to arrest me and throw me in jail because I will never stop using my natural right to freely speak the truth!
I declare that the current policies of Waitangi separatism are Evil!
So New Zealanders… will you surrender our country to such evil and tyrannical powers as have manifested themselves under Jacinda Arderns Psychotic Government????
I have Children and Grand children who I want to live free and know the truth!
Id rather die in jail that surrender Political Freedom and My faith to the evil powers that threaten these most precious of values!
Will I have to rot in a dungeon as a political prisoner for New Zealanders rights to free speech and the principle of racial equality before the Law???
That this is even a possibility shows how dangerous to rights and freedom this new proposal for hate speech legislation is!
We can be sure that Little’s new Hate speech laws will result in a wave of censorship and Punishment for Thought Crimes… maybe the will force some of us to drink Hemlock for not worshiping the State Gods and Corrupting the Youth!
Political writer Dr Muriel Newman has written about these things in an article named ‘A totalitarian state’ and I quote…
“Calls for restrictions on free speech by radical Government MPs should raise the alarm about our future. While the Bill of Rights protects our freedom of thought, expression, and association, as we have already seen through the Censor’s bans, these rights are fragile and can easily be taken away.
Laws to protect New Zealanders from ‘hate’ can already be found in the Crimes Act, Harmful Digital Communications Act, Human Rights Act, and the Sentencing Act. If the Government is committed to stronger deterrents, they simply need to enforce the existing laws.
Already the call for action against ‘hate’ since the Christchurch attack has resulted in people losing their jobs for making thoughtless remarks, websites being blocked, and a social media crackdown being implemented. It may also have been responsible for a man losing his life.
New Zealanders who value the freedom and liberty that underpins our society should strongly oppose new laws to ban ‘hate’. Such laws, that would enable the Police to act against anyone expressing ideas contrary to those deemed acceptable by the Government, have proven to be a disaster in countries where they have been introduced, over-criminalising the population and allowing vexatious complainants to destroy lives. “…
I concur with Muriel, and implore the People of New Zealand to rally and protest against this Hitlarian Drive against Freedom in our country!
Do you want your children to grow up free?
Do you reserve the right to teach them your own Values and beliefs?
Or do you surrender these priceless things .. and give your children’s minds to the State to brainwash them with the beliefs and ideals these Political psychopaths running the machine?
Satan laughing spreads his wings.
I have a whole other story to tell the people of New Zealand about how it was that I came to write the following submission that would never be delivered… That will have to wait for following days, yet I must state that had I been given the opportunity to give an oral submission, I would have had to shorten what follows below considerably and make some of the supporting evidence for my claims as footnotes… discussion points for question time, etc
so what follows is about 10% of 1% of what I think about this foolishness and travesty of justice that is about to become law…
I dedicated my Written submission to the memory of the Victims of The Christchurch Terrorist attack.
I dedicate My Undelivered oral submission on this Bill to the memory of The late Hero Venezuelan Cop Oscar Perez… who Forsook working for the corrupt Government of Tyrant Nicolas Maduro and instead Died In armed revolution for the sake of the starving and oppressed people of Venezuela… fully lawful in his actions according to the Constitution of Venezuela Article 350.
Do not be deceived into thinking anyone who expounds these Ideas I share with you is Crazy… or Dangerous… that is what your slave masters want you to think!
Some of the greatest, and most moral human beings ever to walk this Earth have been enemies of the tyrannical Governments under which they had the misfortune to live… and they had the courage to stand against Evil powers in high places.
I am a Man of Peaceful Resistance… I fire words… at tyrants,
If I had stood before the committee and actually delivered the following submission I would have told them that the Right to Free speech is a defining characteristic of any free Nation nation… as it is designed to protect outspoken critics of Bad law … like me… from Politicians who write bad laws… like you!
Please read on!!
My concerns about this Bill are centered upon how it is part of a general and insidious erosion of Our Liberty and Rights that has been accelerated by the Governments response to the Christchurch terrorist mass murders. A response that was anticipated by the Terrorist himself in his manifesto.
Because of lack of time to fully expound my views on these matters There is much I have to leave unsaid and I will only be able to focus on but a single aspect of why I oppose this Bill.
I have spoken briefly on far more aspects regarding this bill in my written submission.
Today I want to focus on the right to self defense.
Because I am not a gun owner, this puts me in a stronger position than the Kiwi gun owning community to speak about self defense.
Its an extremely relevant issue with respect to what happened in Christchurch, and is in fact the key to a completely different response and strategy to what happened… one that instead of taking away rights as the proposed Bill does, this self defense strategy instead places more power back in the hands of the people where it rightfully belongs!
Yet this far more credible and moral alternative has been completely ignored by the government, and even the Gun owning community has shyed away from talking about it because not only do they know how antagonistic towards self defense the government is… the way the law now functions Gun owners are forbidden by the government and Police to claim Self defense as a valid reason why these firearms should not be prohibited!
And this is a primary reason I can confidently assume few submissions opposing this bill will have mentioned Self defense.. because for gun owners to do so is to run the risk of a Police raid and the confiscation of their property!
There exists a general dysfunctional culture of abuse, arrogance, narrow mindedness and antagonism by parliament and the police towards the citizens of New Zealand that is manifested by this bill and the other Draconian activities these powers have been engaged in since last month… all part of an agenda that is at variance with the Rightful duties of government and its proper relationship to the people.
A hell of a lot of political mis-direction and opportunism is taking place in the wake of the Christchurch Terror attack.
Immediately… and without any time to seriously investigate the circumstances of this atrocity… virtually while the Bodies of the victims were still lying where they fell Our Prime minister was already in full stride swearing that Gun Restrictions would be enacted immediately… which is of course political opportunism of the highest order… to ram home an agenda she had already subscribed to, one that would catapult her own fame among the Global liberal anti gun movement, ideology and agenda we see active all over the globe,
When you investigate this aganda… this desire … this policy to Ban semi automatic firearms we find it is not something that Ardern has arrived at in sober response to the Terror attack but is in fact a policy that has been the subject of constant pressure and lobbying from the New Zealand Police Association for a very long time.
Christchurch has merely provided them with the perfect opportunity to impose their desires without bothering with the normal processes… and safeguards for making laws.
What are the motives for this Rush to prohibit so many types of firearms?
a. I would never deny that obviously a primary motive would be one of Public safety… to try and minimize the the possibility of these guns being used in crimes against the public… very simplistic… yet appears noble.
This is the angle they have used to ‘sell’ their actions to the public, and to which the media have vigorously propagated as well.
b. Yet Let me present to you another motive… the obvious fact that the police are lobbying for this Bill from their own interests… a desire to mitigate the possibility that they themselves may have to contend with angry citizens when executing searches and seizures, or violent criminals who may have legal access to such firearms… resisting arrest, etc … which is understandable.
Yet there are many hazards in this type of activity when the Police consider it normal to try to sway the direction of the legislature… hazards that prove why the maintenance of the principle of the separation of powers is an important safeguard for just legislation and the safety of the rights and liberties of the citizens of the country, whom are the employers of the government and Police, and who these agencies are supposed to serve.
On the first count however we see a serious flaw in their logic with regards to a Ban on semi automatics to the general population for the sake of a handful of madmen, a massive gap that they do not consider… in that such a prohibition also renders the entire population less able to defend themselves should a madman or Group of Killers be on the loose.
Failure to weigh this greater consideration demonstrates the arrogance of the Police association, and their contempt for the right of citizens to act in their own defense.
The Math favors the rationale that the more of these guns are in the hands of Good law abiding citizens that the less likely Madmen will be able to carry out mass shootings of the magnitude we saw in Christchurch, and there are plenty of studies that validate the fact that more guns results in less crime, and also that New Gun restrictions do not result in less murder.
There have been plenty of examples in which armed citizens with Ar 15s have put an end to rampaging Killers.
On the second count which is the assertion that the police pushing the prohibition of semiautomatics and pump action shotguns are acting out of their own self interest I believe this is in fact their primary motive to why The Police have lobbied Government to ban semi automatics, and this too displays the contempt the Police have for the peoples right to bear quality arms in their own defense.
What I find is most disturbing about this motive is the Police are displaying all the characteristics of a self interested monopoly Lobby group that seeks to pervert the law, for their own benefit, at the expense of the community which they are supposed to serve… The Prohibitions they desire are antagonistic to the rights and liberties of the people… so by this means they are crossing the line between executive and legislative branches for the sake of their own power and have turned the situation into an ‘Us against them’ scenario
Do not think for a moment that I have no care or concern for the welfare of the brave men and woman in our Police force… let me clearly sate for the record that a very close member of my own family is a front line police officer, and so I do have skin in the game… yet I hope that I am making the point that it is the duty of the Police to serve, and to uphold the rights and liberties of the people, not to lobby and work to greater empower themselves and take away our rights and liberties.
It is only The Rights and Liberties of a Nation that makes it great, and keeps its people free, and distinguishes Free people from those who live under Political subjugation.
To be a Good policeman firstly requires a love and respect for Freedom and justice… a desire for our country to be Free, and for our people to enjoy their rights and liberties… and to display boldness in doing this difficult task without becoming antagonistic towards the rights and liberties of the people they serve.
Now I am not a fan of the UN, yet even their own documents on Human rights standards and Practice for the Police dated 2004 under the heading ‘Policing in democracies’ clearly states
1. The Police shall provide for the protection of public safety *and the rights* of all persons
2. The Police shall be an independent organ of the executive…
3. Every Law enforcement agency shall be representative of and responsive and accountable to the community as a whole
4 All police officials are part of and have a duty to serve. the community
5. and No member of the Police may participate directly in political activities.
The Activities of the Police Lobbying and participating in Propaganda to facilitate our Elected Government into passing this Bill clearly contravenes the principle of a separation of The executive and legislative powers on government.
They have clearly engaged in Political activities… conspiring with Parliament against the Community!
The drive by Police to actively engage in propaganda and the legislative process against the rights of Gun owners shows a contemptuous attitude towards Gun owners… ie is evidence of a Dysfunctional police culture and prejudice… and this same prejudice and contempt is clearly displayed by Members of parliament, on both sides of the house… those politicians who encourage the police to propagate fear, and lobby for heavy handed legislation.
So instead of a separation of powers.. we find Collusion… to defraud the rights of a portion of New Zealand Citizens… Legal and law abiding Gun owners.
This Bill is bad Law founded upon Corrupt practices.
Lets look at very recent examples of when a completely Different view is taken towards gun ownership by governments and Legal authorities with respect to self defense
In March A Judge in America has just struck down Legislation that attempted to ban high capacity Magazines saying that they had legitimate Self defense utility.
US District Judge Roger Benitez cited home invasions where a woman used the extra bullets in her weapon to kill an attacker while in two other cases women without additional ammunition ran out of bullets.
He said “Individual liberty and freedom are not outmoded concepts,”
He declared unconstitutional the law that would have banned possessing any magazines holding more than 10 bullets.
Italy has just passed a Home invasion and self defense law this month that Modifies article 52 of the Italian penal code, which now allows Italians to use “A Legitimately held weapon” to protect themselves and members of their household, making it far less likely individuals will be brought up on charges for defending themselves.
imitating this would be a far more rational response to the Christchurch terror attack.
In November last year Christian Biker Stephen Willeford grabbed his AR semi automatic rife and ran towards shots he could her coming from a church and he faced off against a Terrorist Just like the one who attacked the mosques in Christchurch!
He was able to Drive off the Terrorist who was murdering Christians in their place of worship… Wilfords fire forcing him to call off his attack and retreated to his vehicle… The gunman would be found shot on the side of the highway!
And for my final example I want to give you an example when AR Rifles were legitimately used by Private citizens to defend their own Livelihoods, Liberty, and property from the tyrannical actions and intentions of a Modern day Western democracy under leftist Liberal administration… proving that Citizens need such arms to defend themselves from Modern day Socialism in a country very much like our own!
How many of you are familiar with recent events in Nevada USA,,, and the Bundy Ranch?
Go do some homework people… yet be careful where you get your information!
The Bundy Family are Ranchers of who have Leased land off the State of Nevada for many generations and yet the Federal Government has been using very tyrannical means forcing Ranchers off these land… laying unbearable Tax bills upon them, and using the Federal ‘Environmental and Parks’ Bureaucracy ‘The bureau of Land Management’ (BLM) to try and forcefully evict The Bundys off their local state Leasehold land.
Now the BLM are not just smokey the Bear Park rangers, but a fully militarized force with Humvee’s and snipers!
And at the orders of Obama’s Administration The BLM turned up to steal The Bubdy’s cattle and they killed a whole bunch and they assaulted some of the protesters who had gathered at the ranch in support of the family… anyway News got out about what was going on and Supporters came from far and wide… and they brought their Ar Semi Autos and spontaneously formed a Militia… and they proceeded to face off the BLM Arms vs arms!
This event must rank as one of the greatest moments in modern US History!
That most people dont even know about these Epic events just proves how mainstream media is absolutely failing in its duty as the vanguard of freedom!
Anyway The Bundys and their supporters were able to force the ARMY of the BLM … and all the covert opps Black Utes… to Stand down… and leave!
The Bundys were left on their property and with their cattle!
Later The federal government would attempt other means by which to destroy the Bundys… They Ambushed, and Murdered one of their most Principled and Patriotic supporters and friend Lavoy Finicum and would via devious means arrest the Bundy men… and attempt to frame them in court… not once… but twice!
Both times the Court found that the Bundy’s were Upright men and acted in full accord with their rights in defense of their property against state agencies that were acting in a corrupt and unlawful way!
The Bundys were acting within their constitutional Rights to Bear Arms… AR 15s… in their own defense against a Tyrannical Government Agency… The BLM Had they not done so The BLM would have taken Their cattle and destroyed their Lives.
The last judgement acquitting the Bundy’s *with prejudice* … a term that not only means they can never again be tried for the same reason… but also indicates how contemptible the court found the activities of the Federal prosecution!
Go study these things… Go to the Bundy’s themselves and see how they are just an all American cowboy family and how their story is an absolute vindication of the second amendment and the need for citizens to have AR semi automatics… and their *Legal right* to point these ARs at Government agents who are acting in an unjust and tyrannical manor… breaking the Law!
Yes Modern day Democratic Governments just like ours can… and do behave like criminals!
And we are seeing this behavior right now in New Zealand since the Christchurch atrocity… Squads of Police are at this very moment Trawling facebook and the internet and when they find any gun owner has commented on a Group that has been ‘flagged’… etc they are rolling around to these Law abiding citizens and gun owners and demanding to see their gun safes… and are threatening them with Gun confiscations… and trying to start altercations as pretense to seize arms of these innocent Citizens for the crime of making a comment on a facebook Page Jacina Arden does not like!
Where will this end?
It will end precisely like Venezuela! Where The Government confiscated guns of anyone associated with the public protest against the Corrupt Socialist Tyrant government and so the only people in Venezuela who legally own guns today are the supporters of the Evil regime!
And today Venezuela is in its death trows of Tyranny, oppression, starvation, mass exodus, Death squads, an absolute Hell on earth… and this was the wealthiest nation in Latin America just a few decades ago.
So only Fools cannot apprehend the truth that such a horrific future could happen here!
Time prevents me from continuing my exposition on the vital importance of the lawful right to bear arms for self defense.
In closing the greatest threat to the safety and happiness of our great country and any other does not come in the form of Terrorists or criminals… or even from dangerous foreign powers… The greatest threat comes from social moral degeneration capitalised upon by Oppressive government that run Heavily Burdensome Police states… in the name of public safety.
Thus because it is a great delusion to believe the promises of Politicians like Jacinda Ardern that her Party State will keep us Safe from Terrorists and dangerous criminals I oppose this Bill and instead recommend Parliament remove the police from the administration of Firearms legislation (management of the Arms Act) and prohibit them from interfering in politics… in accord with the UN Recommendation of Policing in a Democracy restoring the vital separation of Executive power from the legislative powers of our democratic system, and also to frame and enact legislation that legalizes the Legitimacy of Self defense to be valid reason to seek to obtain and hold a New Zealand fire arms licence and firearms including semi automatics allowing those who prove themselves competent and mentally fit to own AR’s and Pump action shotguns for self defense, in their homes, workplaces, businesses, and places of worship and recreation.
“Ask yourself: If that was Denver, Col., if that was Texas, would those guys have been able to spend hours, days, shooting people randomly?” Noble said, referring to states with pro-gun traditions. “What I’m saying is it makes police around the world question their views on gun control. It makes citizens question their views on gun control. You have to ask yourself, ‘Is an armed citizenry more necessary now than it was in the past with an evolving threat of terrorism?’ This is something that has to be discussed.”
“For me it’s a profound question,” he continued. “People are quick to say ‘gun control, people shouldn’t be armed,’ etc., etc. I think they have to ask themselves: ‘Where would you have wanted to be? In a city where there was gun control and no citizens armed if you’re in a Westgate mall, or in a place like Denver or Texas?'”
I have written an explanation as to why I have not redacted excerpts of the manifesto ‘the great replacement’ from this blog post… here
The Blog post below and an earlier post were written before the Chief Censor imposed the ban.
I’m being Punished for Anti-SJW activism.
Here I sit in Facebook jail for a week for the heinous thought crime of publicly criticising New Zealand Prime minister Jacinda Ardern’s New Gun prohibitions on the net.
My sentence was immediate … without warning… and I had no idea I was posting anything that could be construed as being ‘an offence’ of any kind.
I was merely exercising my right to free speech and open dialogue as a Libertarian activist and Blogger.
The Rush to make the SJW Agenda Law and suppressing reasoned opposition..
Much to my surprise Ardern has devised a Machiavellian scheme to make her prohibitions immediate without following the normal due democratic processes… she says this will happen in due course… as if its a foregone conclusion that parliament will support her plans. and the legislation will be retrospectively enacted, and Liberals around the globe have been Lording her like she is some sort of legislative Messiah and calling upon their own governments to follow her lead… precisely like the Terrorist expressly wanted them to do!
I believe Ardern was instructed to do this by her Mentor Helen Clark, whom used this same device of retrospective legislation herself when PM to stop a high court lawsuit she was facing for election fraud and misappropriation! (search up Pledgcardgate… good luck with that as most of the information about this has conveniently ‘disappeared’ off the net… Clark being a UN Lefty Big wig… this is precisely the sort of inconvenient facts the left have successfully suppressed )
Whenever politicians use ‘retrospective legislation’ the people should be vary wary… and in the Case of Jacinda Ardern’s ‘Immediate gun ban’ she is circumventing the safety checks of due democratic process… that is supposed to prevent legislation from being implemented too hastily, and insure there is plenty of public discussion and sober minded rationale… tested in the public domain.
SJW Ardern is using the heat of emotion generated by the terror attacks to maximise the chance of getting this legislation passed without much sober contemplation by Opposition Mps or the People, therefore she certainly does not want dissenting views and criticisms about her new Gun laws or large protests before they are ratified by parliament, and so The Activist SJW Liberals running facebook… acting unilaterally yet deliberately are banning Dissenting voices like mine, and I have been prevented from posting and commenting for 7 days even though I have not violated their community standards.
They have done so out of pure political bias… while claiming I have violated their community standards… without any explanation.
This is the post that got me ‘Zucc-ed’ (Photo below)…remember there was no ban on sharing excerpts from the manifesto when I posted this… and now that it has been banned you may appreciate the truth of what I am saying… Political suppression of dissenting opinion.
As you can see, I did not write anything that can be construed as being against any of the Facebook community standards with respect to nudity, hateful, or otherwise what is commonly understood to be offensive… Nothing racist, or sexist, etc… I simply expressed my political opinion about Arderns new and corrupt Gun prohibitions, and validated my statement with a factual quote and accompanied these facts with a relevant picture for readers to investigate for themselves.
I got the photo off Google.
And this post contains no inaccuracies, nor anything that has not been published on facebook by other media…
What is even more interesting is NZ Herald published video of the terror attack but have not yet been charged with a crime! here
Political Favoritism and Sly Expedience???? MUCH!
The Governments suppression and threats of Imprisonment.(please remember I wrote this passage before the Chief Censor Banned the Manifesto)
I did not share any of the video footage of the terrorist action that was put on the net, that has been outlawed by the New Zealand government, yet to my knowledge there is no prohibition on discussion or sharing the Manifesto the terrorist published on line in which he gave his reasons for why he committed this crime, and why he used guns, and it would be the height of political suppression of the truth if any such prohibition was imposed because that would muzzle the peoples right to discuss this heinous crime, and understand it, yet it appears the liberal running facebook made a completely arbitrary decision to ‘prohibit’ posts like mine on this topic.
and in so doing they display their extreme political prejudice.
I have not watched the footage and I have no desire to watch such a barbarous thing, yet still it is a gross act of suppression by the government to outlaw the video and prosecute people whom have shared it on their social media. Its suppression is part of the general desire of the government to steam roll through their oppressive new Gun control legislation without protests from the people who may watch the terrorist video and realise the government cant keep us safe from terrorism or mass murder, and demand *more gun rights* not less.
The video has been shared far and wide internationally… The Turkish president Erdoğan has used it many times for its propaganda value against Islamiphobia in the west as part of his election campaign!
yet our Government has made it a crime for us to share it… and what they have not been able to suppress by law, The social media working in cahoots have taken it upon themselves to shut down critisims of the left on their social media platforms.
Internet Tyranny, the Leftist war on Free speech.
This agenda driven censorship has become prolific, and demonstrates a massive political fraud being perpetrated against the entire world by the Left’s dominance over the world wide web, esp of social media like Facebook and it can be easily shown they are actively engaged in perverting the democratic processes of Western societies in favour of Leftist Political parties and their political agendas.
While it is harder for them to suppress Established sites with millions of followers, yet still because the left have lost on so many fronts in recent times to establish their Global tyranny… from Brexit, to the defeat of Hillary Clinton, they have moved against their outspoken adversaries under the guise of fighting ‘fake news’… They have suceeded in banning and marginalizing many popular voices on the right … and comparatively it has been a walk in the park to pick off small fry like me by the tens of thousands without any recompense!
By using so called ‘Community standards’ they are targeting Individuals like myself who are activists against Lefty Liberalism and thereby not only crushing well reasoned and truthful dissenting views and posts from spreading throughout the population and gaining a foothold in the public sphere, but are also projecting an atmosphere of Fear and suppression… intimidating many people from speaking their minds out of fear Facebook will punish them, and maybe even close their pages down.
This is the treat that hangs over Social media now and the threat that I now face.
Will they shut down my page?
One of my people actually told me he consciously watches what he posts out of fear he will be ‘Zucced’ as this will affect his business and livelihood!
And this is *outrageous* that the political bias of Facebook is so extreme that people are scared to be vocally critical of things like these new oppressive gun laws.
All it takes is for one slippery snake Liberal hiding in your group or friends list to report your post to the Facebook gestapo and you can find yourself jailed without any sort of due process… without the opportunity to say anything in your own defense. and of course these Snakes hiding in your grass never stand up and and say to your face they reported you… they are happy to remain hidden among your friends… These Judas types dont admit their collaboration with the gestapo to the rest of the group as they know they will be thrown out.
So there they sit… like a terrorist cell… evil malevolent minions of the powers that be… serving as the spies of the Facebook gestapo … ready to report any criticism that they dont like… Satan Laughing spreads his wings.
Google skews Web searches in favour of leftist ideology and buries site they disprove of.
De-Platforming their enemies from the Internet is now standard Left wing modus opperandi.
They get hysterical when any independent voice they cant control gains a large following. (here)
The left will move mountains to get visiting speakers they cant control visas revoked. (here)
This concerted agenda by the left is tantamount to staging a Global Coup!
These Gargantuan Internet Tyrants and mainstream media are in fact working in cahoots with Leftist Governments and parties and acting in a manor that is 100% contrary to the Ethical standards of Journalism and are flouting the duty of what a free press is supposed to be! Independent of Government and the vanguard of Liberty and free speech!
These powers have become the chief tools of censorship and imposing a heavy handed political agenda.
The Lefts massive manipulation and corruption of the foundations of Western Democracy and Elections.
This massive interference with free speech and discourse in New Zealand with respect to the Christchurch event not only demonstrates how the Social media Giants Liberal bias and activism is now being used around the globe to smooth the road for Leftist Legislators to get their oppressive agenda made Law, it also pales into insignificance any delusions people may have had about Russia interfering with the US elections!
So the hypocrisy of the Left is to cry blue murder when they suspect the internet has been used to spread propaganda against them… yet they have moved with utmost vigor to make sure the internet is now a propaganda machine for the Left… under the pretext of fighting fake news and hate speech.
I believe these massive internet giants controlled by Social Justice Warrior Liberals are perpetrating a massive fraud against the populations of the democratic world ant are acting with such extreme prejudice as to nearly eclipse what has been possible by most Authoritarian governments such as China and North Korea… and Russia in which Putin has just passed more ‘Fake news’ laws to further outlaw criticism of his government and to punish anyone who dares.
That is how tyranny works… By passing Laws under the pretext of a righteous cause when in reality they are legalising their own crimes against their political opponents.
Though the Internet Giants are privately owned, that cannot be a legitimate excuse for what they are doing because the Fraud they are committing is the pretense that their internet services are fair and objective and are not Bullying or suppressing genuine free speech.
This is their Great lie!
I believe there is a legitimate case of grand Election fraud these companies ought to be legally taken to task… something like the Muller investigation but against the bias and manipulation of the internet for personal political ends.
I dont understand why some wealthy and tech savvy entrepreneurs have not set up already set up better alternatives!???
The Market is crying out for it and I believe the future liberty and well being of western civilisation hangs on dire urgent need for the Lefts stranglehold over the internet to be smashed!
I may already be too late.
If there were credible competing alternative social media to Facebook, Google, and YouTube who acted in a more ethical fashion and who respected the rights of individuals to free speech and expression I would abandon the services of these prejudiced liberal companies voluntarily, and I am sure 50% of the internet would do so too, yet while they hold a virtual monopoly on social media, I refuse to ‘ban myself’ and abandon the internet to the Machiavellian Liberals!
I will go down fighting!
Defending NZ Gun rights from SJW Gun confiscations and criminalisation.
Before I was ‘Zucced’ I was busy on Facebook calling for Gun owners not to surrender their rights without protest. I was encouraging them to practice peaceful civil disobedience of the most honorable type… non compliance with unjust demands from the state.
With regards to the ploy of a government ‘buy back’, I argue that even if the government tries to bribe you into surrendering your rights Gun owners need to refuse to comply… In the US New Jersey State demanded all the high capacity mags get handed in… nobody complied!
*That is how Free people respond to unjust laws*
Read more here.
This is why they want to register Guns too… so then they can confiscate them.
Of course they will send the cops around to arrest a few non-compliant gun owners,,, yet all kiwi gun owners who are not slaves of the state will need to rally and help them with their legal defense.
Gun owners should be uniting and planning protests!
They have been made criminals though they have committed no crimes!
They have had their rights and liberties trampled upon by a tyrannical little nobody.
Yet there are Reports of hundreds of New Zealand gun owners voluntarily already surrendering their Semi Autos, with many kiwi believing the line… ‘gun ownership is a privilege… not a right’ Read more here
The New Zealand government does not want the NRA to help Kiwi gun owners rally and defend themselves from loosing their gun rights!
It appears these reports of large scale surrendering of guns to the police are just more propaganda designed to fool NZ gun owners into the belief that most gun owners agree with the new prohibition and in so doing demoralise any who are hoping to rally a large scale protest.
A friend of mine parroted these naive sentiments… “We in NZ don’t have a 2nd Amendment for gun ownership in the way you are suggesting.
Gun ownership is a privilege not a right allowed under the direction of the government. If the rules change they change we have to comply. Pretending that we are Americans will not work here sorry. We are now have a new law that we will have to comply with whether we like it or not.”.
I had to school him…. “The second amendment does not ‘grant’ a privilege to the American people at the generosity of the US government… what the second amendment does is *Enunciate a natural right that all human beings have* and that is why it tells the government *they shall pass no law that violates this natural human right* .
So that we kiwi dont have a second amendment *does not mean* we dont have the natural right to bear arms… the means of self defense… we do have that right irrespective of what our government thinks or wants.. or compels!
The problem we have is that our backward Nation has no protection of our rights from tyrants and socialists like Ardern… and so we are exposed to the evil of a government that can trample upon our rights… yet that does not make it just… it means we are the victims of oppressive government and evil laws.”
PS… A Gun rights petition is circulating Here
Please sign it!
Here is what it says…
We are asking for you to reconsider your plans to rush legislation that drastically changes our firearms laws.
We have two main concerns:
1: The exclusion of subject matter experts WILL simply result in bad law.
2: Rushed legislation WILL make the nation LESS safe.
There is simply no need to suspend democracy here.
You have made one huge change on zero notice, after only a few days of consideration and with most of the affected parties excluded.
Now you have promised huge new law changes from Parliament in a matter of only days. Before many important issues have even been considered. All we have now are questions.
It has been thirty years since anything remotely comparable occurred. We have the time to do this right.
Thank you for your consideration.
Let us please do the RIGHT thing here. Not just be seen to act.
Update: Though I cant comment or make posts for 7 days I can still access my page and read my news feed, anyway I just received yet another facebook notification that I have violated Community standards on another post in which a simply posted a photo of the terrorist in his car and called him Scum!
I made this post within an hour of hearing about the terrorist attack, and in no way was their any ‘Ban’ on posting photos of the terrorist… it was quite a natural response!
Either I have again been reported by some snake, or Facebooks AI ‘Zuccbotts’ are hard at work supressing any pictures and commentary on the terrorist attack in Christchurch!
In no way did I say anything violent, or praise the terrorist!
I simply called him scum!
Interesting NZ Youtube video talks about the bias in NZ Media ‘Newshub’.
I concur about how disgusting Newhub is and in fact I blocked them from my facebook newsfeed only a few days ago out of pure disgust …
More… ISPs in AU and NZ start censoring the internet without legal precedent
Several websites including Voat, ZeroHedge, Archive.is, LiveLeak, and others have been blocked in Australia and New Zealand in direct contravention to civil liberties that citizens are supposed to have. The biggest of these internet providers, Telstra, has published a blog post defending their censorship action – even acknowledging that free speech has been sacrificed by company decision:
“We appreciate that it is necessary to ensure free speech is carefully balanced against protecting the community – but with these sites continuing to host disturbing content we feel it is the right thing to do to block them.”
In fact, some of the blocked sites have been unfairly lambasted in mainstream media as “refusing” to take down offending material. Let’s be clear, each and every one of the blocked websites operates lawfully – that includes removing illegal material when requested. These internet service providers (ISPs) in Australia and New Zealand have taken it upon themselves to play judge, jury, and executioner in their condemnation of these websites and their visitors just for exercising free speech…
It is telling that many of the Woke Folk who demand Western 1st world Nations open their boarders to mass immigration also praise the North Sentinelesse for murdering the Christian Missionary the man of peace and good will John Chau… calling him ‘an invader’… and that their Deadly act was ‘defending their Boarder”…. Woe unto you…. Hypocrites!
Your infidel minds have been twisted by politicized Fake narrative pseudo history.
John did not approach them to exploit them in any way.
He was not coming to take their property, or to freeload off their generosity, but hoped to be a source of Light and hope for these human beings living in Darkness and Barbarism.
‘Please do not be mad at them or at God if I get killed’ John Allen Chau.
John Allen Chau, 26, was shot dead with arrows when he went to the remote North Sentinel Island last week
It is one of the world’s most isolated regions in India’s Andaman islands and is off-limits to visitors
Chau had paid local fishermen to help him get to the island last Thursday
He was shot at but safely able to return to the boat where he penned a letter to his parents and several journal entries about his initial encounter
Chau detailed how he was committed to teaching the tribe about Jesus
In a letter dated November 16, Chau asked his parents not to be mad at the tribe or at God if he was killed
After he returned to the island the following day, fishermen said they saw the tribesmen dragging Chau’s body away…
Obviously if you think Christianity is a false religion there is a high chance you are not going to think much of what John Chau was trying to do.
Few Infidels appreciate the debt of gratitude they ought to have for the Liberty and civilization they themselves enjoy in Western Society… a modern term for that prosperous portion of the globe that used to be called Western Christendom.
Science and modernity would not be possible for most countries on Earth were it not for Brave missionaries risking their necks to bring the Christian truth to savages … the basis for civil society…
This Missionaries bravery and strong convictions which include his concern for the spiritual well being of these savages got him killed…
like has happened many many times over the centuries… including here in New Zealand.
The desire to bring the light and hope of the gospel to people living under dark superstitions is a noble thing to do.. the Socialist idea that these people should be left to live like animals… so they can carry on being an enclave of Backwards primitivism… is *inhumane*… its treating them like Lab rats… and shows the atheist intellectuals who say they should be left alone have zero respect for the many blessing they themselves enjoy because of the Values that were established in their own nations by Christian Missionaries.
One Facebook Critic who claims to be a Christian has said….
“I am a Christian, but from the get go this was a horrible idea. This tribe has a history of attacking outsiders and killing them, plus we don’t know their language. So not sure what he thought was going to happen. Here are the facts of the case….
1) It’s illegal to go to that island.
2) It’s illegal to go there because their immune systems not being the same as anyone else’s. He could’ve wiped out the tribe by introducing a disease they have no defence against.
3) It’s illegal to go there because they kill anyone who does.
4) He bribed local fishermen to take him there, which is illegal. These poor fishermen who make barely enough to feed their families have been arrested and are going to jail. Bad for their families.
5) Spreading the gospel is a good thing, but what this man did was incredibly arrogant, ignorant and just flat out stupid. He died for nothing, and put a whole tribe at risk as well as two poor families who of course took the bribe because they have no money.
Spread the word of God, but not at the expense and harm of others around you.”
“And yet Heroic Christians have *always chosen to obey God* rather than Men,
For example Brave Christians have risked their necks and broken Laws smuggling Bibles into Soviet Russia and Communist China… and Christians shared the gospel and held meetings during the times of great persecution in Roman Times…Refused to worship Caeser etc etc.
Christianity is a world changing revolutionary ideology… for Good… against Tyranny…. Bringing Civilisation, Freedom, and Rights.
and also Missionaries have also boldly taken the gospel to Savage lands *knowing the personal risks*.. ie they are heroic people who change the world for the better…
There was nothing *arrogant about wanting to enlighten and raise these people out of squalor and superstition* and your comment is cowardly and unchristian on all these levels.
Only point 2 is of weight… and if you read my blog [postscript below] I discussed the issue of immunity to disease quote:
” Some have been critical about outsiders making contact with this Isolated community as being extremely reckless with respect to their (potential) lack of immunity to diseases, which to me seems like the only real possible danger John may have posed to these people… yet still Pondering this sociological interaction further I realise that even if this were so… that this would not have been an *intentional hazard* John would have exposed them to… but an inadvertent… non-maliciously intended tragedy (yet we have no idea what exposure these people may have had over the years to outsiders… or the condition of their immunity), and that we can see this would have also been historically true when in the early stages of contact that natives suffered terrible epidemics.
And so modern Anti-colonial narratives by indigenous rights radicals that suggest evil intents are far away from the truth!
Missionaries were people of Good will, not the agents of Greed, Racism, and ill intent.”.
And thinking more about particular critisism regarding the risk John posed to them from carrying disease, the more obviously apparent to me that this critisism does not come from any *genuine concern* for the Native Sentinelese but is a mere cloak to disguise the real heart motive of his critics… hate for Christianity and those that propagate it.
This is simply a fake concern… in Truth… esp with modern transportation most of these critics probably dont think twice about carrying their local diseases far and wide across the globe when they go on holidays… nor give a second thought that they themselves might bring back some Evil germs to their own communities which they are not immune to… and this in fact happens all the time!
Quarantine is a seldom used measure these days for traveling humans.
I think this puts some perspective on things on this account…
I am sorry this brave Christian has lost his life for the sake of these primitive savages and the Gospel.
Personally I am a worm of a Christian… carnal and cowardly… unfit… I am in awe of Johns Courage and conviction… and love for his fellow man.
Obviously as a person who believes the Bible is true… and that its Truths and Ethics are of vital importance to humanity, I have a far more positive view of what John was trying to do!
I share Johns belief that Christian truths are of higher value that my own life.
I believe he righteously followed higher laws than mere human prohibitions that would leave these people perpetually in squalor and darkness… without Christ.
John was Christ-like… Christ himself traveling to Jerusalem *despite knowing he would be Crucified by the hateful mob.
Neither sacrificed themselves out of vanity… but had contempt for death… motivated by love to do the will of God… and service to humanity.
God did not will either of their deaths… yet he was well pleased that Jesus chose rather to do what was right, than to cowardly let evil dominate and dictate his actions.
To the world it may appear that Satan won… yet They know nothing of the Victory over Satan, Sin and death in the Resurrection!
As the arrows flew… I can hear Johns prayers… “Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death… I will fear no Evil…”
The stone age was just last week here in New Zealand… and it still exists for the North Sentinelese …. The 1st world morons and Treaty separatists who scorn British colonization of New Zealand fail to contemplate the gravity of this fact.
There has been a vile gloating by atheists and Antichrists at the murder of this good man, mocking memes, and pseudo justification cloaking his attempt to just talk with them as some sort of threat to their security, and his murder as some sort of legitimate defense of the boarders and property… all bogus…
This man was no threat to them, and it even turns out the Law everyone quotes that it was illegal to visit this Island had recently been lifted!
So he broke no law… while they *did break the law by murdering him*… yet the police are too scared to go there it interview them about his death.
These Hateful opinions come from the children of Satan… those who despise Christianity… those who have been brainwashed into holding contempt for the spread of the Gospel that has brought the greatest geographical spread of civilization and peaceful coexistence in human history.
See this meme below.
The truth is quite different… Meekness is not Weakness…He was not shot in the back running away… like a fleeing woman but shot in the chest many times… as he continued to walk forward… like a Viking.
A Heroic Man of resolve… like so many Missionaries before him.
Braver than I.
The Spirit of a Warrior for Christ… and he deserves to be honored as such by his Christian Brothers and sisters… and his name remembered.
His death was not ‘pointless’.
He will receive his reward in heaven from his Saviour Jesus Christ.
Now These people had the chance to know Christ yet they killed his servant… and they will give account of this on the day of Judgement… like all sinners who Hate Christ and reject him.
Update: There are concerns about any attempt to retrieve his body that this could endanger both the recovery crew and the Natives…(read this).
I say leave it there!
That is what he would have wanted… in no way would he want more lives to be lost over his Mortal shell.
He has finished with it.
Let it return to the dust.
Postscript: Some have been critical about outsiders making contact with this Isolated community as being extremely reckless with respect to their (potential) lack of immunity to diseases, which to me seems like the only real possible danger John may have posed to these people… yet still Pondering this sociological interaction further I realise that even if this were so… that this would not have been an *intentional hazard* John would have exposed them to… but an inadvertent… non-maliciously intended tragedy (yet we have no idea what exposure these people may have had over the years to outsiders… or the condition of their immunity), and that we can see this would have also been historically true when in the early stages of contact that natives suffered terrible epidemics.
And so modern Anti-colonial narratives by indigenous rights radicals that suggest evil intents are far away from the truth!
Missionaries were people of Good will, not the agents of Greed, Racism, and ill intent.
The past weekend was Black for Kiwi bikers with 4 fatalities… three from charity and remembrance rides in the South island and a Westy in Henderson, Auckland.
The New Zealand Biker social media community all felt sick about it and reminded each other to take care during the start of the silly season… wear good gear… practice sensible riding principles… etc yet were disgusted to read about the Bogus comments by the minister of Police Stuart Nash who said “… there was no silver bullet for road safety but if more regulation was required then it could be looked at.
Both Mr Nash and the Police Association president Chris Cahill said the road toll was nearing crisis point and in the case of motorcycle deaths the anecdotal evidence suggested it was middle-aged men who did not have the experience to handle large motorbikes who were involved in most accidents.
“Dare I say it, it’s a lot of men going through a sort of mid-life crisis … they go out there and buy a big powerful bike and they just haven’t got the skills and experience to handle it when they get into trouble and they kill themselves,” Mr Nash said.”
Read article here: Men in ‘mid-life crisis’ causing motorcycle crash deaths – Stuart Nash
After hearing about the high bodycount for the weekend we all knew this SORT OF POLITICAL Bullshit would follow.
In New Zealand when ever something sensational happens in the media The Police and Politcians, and doctors all cry out for more Rules and regulations, prohibitions and taxes
What a Tosser!
As if this Pompous twat (Nash) … in the space of a few hours… is well informed and has done a thorough investigation on the causes of these sad events and can definitively say all these guys were *Blow arses*!
Its Fr&ggin disrespectful… and he’s full of crap!
Yet the media laps up this sort of Rubbish that says every problem just requires more government… less freedom.
This is whats wrong with western civilisation these days… anti freedom Knee jerk Legislations suffocating the joy out of life…. its like we live in Jail!
This is why Bikers cant afford to ignore politics… The PC Freaks in the Beehive are 24/7 trying to take away our freedom and what we love.
Furthermore in another… later article about one of the fatal Offs this weekend… though it presents more questions than it answers it still offers quite a different probable cause than what Police Minister Stuart Nash jumped to as a primary cause of the black weekend fatalities… ie that the accidents were chiefly ‘Middle aged idiots’ who buy bikes they dont have the skills to ride’…
This sort of comment is pure preconceived prejudice!
Gross generalizations and assumptions… PC propaganda.
Not grounded in actual facts of the specific cases.
Yet still even looking at this later article we see there are almost *no facts* other than the fact that he tested *above the legal limit* (which is just a bogus number PC politicians invented and does not objectively prove a person is intoxicated)
… and we can confidently assume the rider was *Only just over the limit* as the media *always* love to make a big deal when they are way over… (so how much information did Stuart Nash have before he began to spout off? Id say almost zero!)
Plus we dont even know if the fact he had a few *was the actual cause of the accident*…. I see no mention of speed… no mention of how the crash occurred… ie road conditions, etc.
Its too easy to make the leap of logic that this accident happened *because he was 52 and the bike was too powerful for his skills… ie no evidence he was a novice…
Or because he had had a couple of drinks* …given how little information is in this article.
Maybe he was pissed… maybe he was speeding… in any event this certainly calls into question the B.S about a primary cause of accidents being ‘Middle aged idiots’ who buy bikes they dont have the skills to ride’… by Police Minister Stuart Nash… and that part of the solution may be even more Licence restrictions etc.
More tiers of licenses will never prevent fools who get Drunk and ride like loons… which is already illegal.
And none of these factors may be the real cause!
This is just a political football.
*Against our Culture*
These tyrannical Nanny state regulations simply punish the innocent and miss the mark by a mile!
We already have enough laws and taxes… too many… they do nothing to reduce the road toll….
What we are witnessing is the modern delusions about Safety and political intervention… as if having enough laws will legislate away death and create a utopia… when in reality it is creating a tyranny and Slave/ prison society.
‘Public safety’ is one of the major Gimmicks Tyrannical powers use to justify their trampling over the rights and liberties of minorities.
Kain Parsons died after being injured during a charity boxing match in Christchurch.
The Feminist driven PC Brigade have attacked *Manly pursuits*/ Freedom twice in as many weeks…this BS about middle age men buying bikes they cant ride (even though they have licences from the government that says they can)… and also …. Charity Boxing…(with the sad death of a Boxer)… yet what this is really all about is ‘Politically correct tyranny’… a whole bunch of old Nags (and people who think like old Nags… no offence to female Bikers who obviously dont subscribe to this Nanny BS… who want to impose their Narrow minded tyranny… and envision a future for the world in which there are no loud motorcycles… no Boxing… No manly Men or Hot Biker babes… etc etc etc…. *Vomit!
Just Man Buns and Buses… and Tree hugging conventions…
No Beer… no Donuts… No Rambo movies… That is the future they are determined to impose upon us and our Children by force… and they want to Brainwash our Kids into thinking all this anti-freedom tyranny is just wonderful!
and all this utter crap is what passes for *political wisdom* today… esp in the two main Nanny state parties…. National and Labour.
Both these parties will make VLAD Laws here… you can count on it… unless we Bikers Rally.